Irish Red Cross Tsunami Pictorial
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Irish Red Cross - A pictorial history of the Irish Red Cross Programme for Indian Ocean Tsunami Relief and Recovery 2005-2011

Irish Red Cross - A pictorial history of the Irish Red Cross Programme for Indian Ocean Tsunami Relief and Recovery 2005-2011

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  • 1. After The Wave A pictorial history of the Irish Red Cross Indian Ocean Tsunami Relief and Recovery Programme 2005 - 2011
  • 2. After The Wave A pictorial history of the Irish Red Cross Indian Ocean Tsunami Relief and Recovery Programme 2005 - 2011
  • 3. PHOTO CREDITS First published by the Irish Red Cross 2011. © Irish Red Cross. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in aCover retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,Jean Marc Romain (Getty Images). recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of the copyright owners.ContentsGemunu Amarasinghe (IFRC). The Irish Red Cross would like to thank all those who helped in the production of this book, but in particular the following: Colm Byrne, Kerrie Collett, Paul Conneally, Tim Cummings, Patrick Fuller,Introduction / Foreword Joe Lowry, Necephor Mghendi, Nina Nobel, AnnaMarie O’Carroll, Rebecca Thorn & Noel Wardick.Arko Datta (REUTERS). A special word of thanks to Dug Cubie who was an invaluable contributor to the publication.IrelandLensman Photography. MacInnes Photography. Designed and produced by Zest Creative Solutions, Dublin.Destruction and Initial ResponseBeawiharta (REUTERS). Thierry Gassmann (ICRC). Till Mayer (IFRC). Yoshi Shimizu (IFRC). ISBN: 978-0-906077-09-2Ian Woolverton (IFRC). Raqai Yani (IFRC).IndonesiaVina Agustina (IFRC). Dug Cubie (IRCS). Andri Irvan (IRCS). Yopie Pangke (IRCS). The Irish Red Cross,Fajrin Aruna Setiawan (IRCS). Gail Zulfikar (IRCS). 16 Merrion Square, Dublin 2.The Maldives Tel: 01-642 4600Seth Doane (CNN). Yassin Hameed (The Portrait Gallery). Joe Lowry (IFRC). Giacomo Pirozzi Email: info@redcross.ie(UNICEF). Shiran Randeniya (IFRC). Arnaud Vontobel (IFRC). Michael Wardick (IRCS). www.redcross.ieAhmed Zahid (IFRC).Sri LankaGemunu Amarasinghe (IFRC). Kerrie Collett (IRCS). Noel Coughlan (Galway-Sri Lanka Project).Patrick Fuller (IFRC). Rukshan Ratnam (IFRC). Noel Wardick (IRCS).
  • 4. ContentsMessage From President McAleese. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6INTRODUCTION.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8BACKGROUND TO THE TSUNAMI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Destruction and Initial Response.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12THE RESPONSE IN IRELAND.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18INDONESIA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Beneficiary Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Education.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Water and Sanitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Humanitarian Responses.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Farewell Banda Aceh!.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46THE MALDIVES.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Water, Sanitation and Community Construction.. . . . . . . . . . . . 52SRI LANKA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Colombo District.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Kalutara District. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Ampara District. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Batticaloa District. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84THANKS TO DONORS.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 3
  • 5. The Fundamental Principles of theInternational Red Cross and Red Crescent MovementHUMANITY INDEPENDENCEThe International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in theassistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of theirinternational and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they mayit may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lastingpeace amongst all peoples. VOLUNTARY SERVICE It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.IMPARTIALITYThe International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement makes no discrimination asto nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve UNITYthe suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the There can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country.most urgent cases of distress. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.NEUTRALITY UNIVERSALITYIn order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societiesin hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other,ideological nature. is worldwide. 4
  • 6. Message from President McAleese U a c h ta r á n n a h É i reann President of Irela nd Few of us can forget the horrific news and images St. Stephen’s Day 2004. Sud from the other side of the denly, the word ‘tsunami’ world that started to rea ch us on huge number of people wh entered into our conversati o had been killed, injured ons. It was hard to compre or whose lives were shatter hend the of one single event. ed in so many countries as the result Yet around the world, peo ple responded in a true out Ireland, as we reached in soli pouring of humanity and compassion. No less so tha darity with the countless me n here in I was honoured to be inv n, women and children wh olved in many events to o suddenly required our sup support Irish non-governm port. officials. On New Year’s Da ental organisations, mission y 2005, I witnessed the inc aries and phoned the Irish Red Cro redible generosity of spirit ss, pledging their time and as hundreds of people visi support for the victims of ted and dedication and commitme the Tsunami. I was also stru nt of the staff and volunt ck by the eers who embodied the pri Red Cross ideal. nciples and values at the hea rt of the The extent of lives lost and communities destroyed by However, the international the Indian Ocean Tsunam community has been there i in 2004 is still unimagin throughout this difficult task able. assistance to those commu to provide financial and tec nities that were worst affecte hnical its partner National Societi d. The on-going commitme es reflects the bonds of frie nt of the Irish Red Cross to ndship and collaboration support Ireland and Indonesia, the that have been strenghten Maldives and Sri Lanka as ed between a result of this terrible trag edy. Ma ry Mc Al ee se Pr es ide nt of Ire la nd
  • 7. ForewordThe planet we live on can be unpredictable; earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and As a direct result of the generosity of the Irish public, over a million peopletsunamis can strike without warning, as we were starkly reminded earlier this year in have benefited from the Irish Red Cross programmes. Schools and hospitalsJapan. Despite the best efforts of the international community, millions of people are were reconstructed, clean water supplies re-established, homes rebuilt, livelihoodsaffected by natural disasters every year and by the chaos and devastation that they restored or revived and children supported on their return to education, whileleave in their wake. Since its establishment in 1863, the Red Cross and Red Crescent innovative communication initiatives promoted dialogue with the disaster affectedMovement has attempted to alleviate the suffering caused through conflict and communities enabling them to inform and engage in recovery efforts.natural disasters. Tens of thousands of families continue to directly benefit from the support providedNational Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, such as the Indonesian Red Cross by you as generous, donors to the Irish Red Cross, and we hope that this bookand the Sri Lankan Red Cross Society, are at the forefront of disaster response activities; provides an insight into the work we have undertaken on your behalf.volunteers and staff responded immediately and provided life saving assistance in thehours, days and weeks after the Indian Ocean Tsunami struck. As the Irish representativeof the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, which comprises theInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the InternationalCommittee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and each country’s National Society, the Irish RedCross has a responsibility to assist our partners when disaster strikes.Disasters can destroy infrastructure and the social fabric of a community in minutes, butthe rebuilding of that community may take many years. The extent of the Indian OceanTsunami meant that following the immediate emergency response phase; there was aneed for continued support and assistance. Working with our partner National Societies David J O’Callaghanin the countries affected, the Irish Red Cross Tsunami Relief and Recovery Programmewas developed as a multi-year response to the immediate and long-term needs of the David J O’Callaghancommunities worst affected in Indonesia, the Maldives and Sri Lanka. Chairman - Irish Red Cross 6
  • 8. A Sri Lankan man holds an umbrella as he cycles past an overcast bay in the town of Kalmunai on Sri Lanka’s east coast - 19 January 2005. REUTERS/Arko Datta. 7
  • 9. IntroductionTsu•na•mi As a part of the largest humanitarian network in the world, the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement, the Irish Red Cross Society responded immediately to the disaster andNoun (pl. same or –mis) A long high sea wave caused launched an emergency appeal for the victims of the Tsunami on 27th Decemberby an earthquake, underwater landslide or other disturbance. 2004. This appeal raised over e32 million thanks to the enormous generosity of manyOrigin: late 19th century Japanese - from tsu “harbour” + nami “wave” individuals, groups, schools, companies and their employees, and remains the largest amount ever raised by the Irish Red Cross for a single disaster.On 26th December 2004, a massive earthquake measuring 9.15 on the Richter scale The dedication and strength of the Irish Red Cross membership network, and the Irishstruck off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. It was the most powerful earthquake the world public, was clearly in evidence as the massive public appeal was rolled out in the firsthad seen in a generation, releasing the equivalent energy of 23,000 Hiroshima bombs. few weeks and months of 2005. The commitment shown through the range of events,The epicentre was some 150km south of the town of Meulaboh and 250km from Banda donations and offers of support provided in solidarity with communities on the otherAceh, the capital of Aceh Province, in northern Indonesia. The earthquake was particularly side of the world so tragically hit by an unpredictable natural disaster, was humbling fordestructive as it originated close to the earth’s surface, some 30km below the floor of the all involved in the response.Indian Ocean. In the seven years that followed, the Irish Red Cross has had the privilege of workingThe earthquake generated a massive tsunami wave that travelled rapidly through the closely with our own membership across Ireland, and also with our colleagues in theIndian Ocean, striking beachfront areas in fourteen countries with catastrophic results International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Key relationships and partnershipsin Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, India and Bangladesh, as well as other have been built with the communities affected as well as with Indonesian Red CrossAsian and East African countries, killing more than 226,000 people across the region. (PMI), the Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC),The tsunami travelled at terrifying high speeds and 45 minutes after the earthquake it hit and numerous other National Societies including the German Red Cross, Canadianthe Aceh coastline and within minutes had swept clean an 800km coastal strip of Aceh – Red Cross, American Red Cross, Finnish Red Cross and the newly establishedequivalent to the distance between Dublin and Paris. Nearly 166,000 people were killed Maldivian Red Crescent. During the period 2005 to 2011 the International Departmentin Indonesia alone, with nearly 600,000 of those surviving finding themselves homeless of the Irish Red Cross grew substantially and at one point had over one hundred localas their houses were swept away or left in ruins. The Tsunami caused unimaginable national staff and twelve expatriate delegates working on Irish Red Cross projects in Sridevastation and the scale of the damage to the local economies, infrastructure, and Lanka, Indonesia and the Maldives.administration was unprecedented. In an instant, the livelihoods and security of Through the development of our comprehensive 7-year Tsunami Relief and Recoveryhundreds of thousands of people all across the Indian Ocean, from Somalia to Programme for Indonesia, the Maldives and Sri Lanka, the Irish Red Cross was committedMalaysia, were ruined. to ensuring that the trust placed in us by the Irish public through their donations to ourThen, only three months later, another major earthquake struck the island of Nias Tsunami appeal was well placed. We hope to show through this Pictorial History ofalso off the Indonesian coast, causing yet more death, injuries and destruction. our Tsunami operations the range and breadth of work that has been undertaken andThe magnitude of these events triggered an amazing outpouring of compassion and continues to take place with these donations, and how the generosity of the Irishgenerosity from around the world. Private citizens provided huge amounts of support, public has had a direct benefit for communities which were so devastated onand donors pledged generously to help the survivors. December 26th, 2004. 8
  • 10. World Press Photo of the Year 2004. Cuddalore, India - 28 December 2004. REUTERS/Arko Datta.9
  • 11. Background to the TsunamiSunday 26th December 2004 (all times local)7.59am 10.01amA massive underwater earthquake strikes off the west coast of Indonesia’s Sumatra Island. The Tsunami strikes Bangladesh, where two children die. Scientists attribute the relativelyThe quake, the world’s biggest in four decades, lasts nearly 10 minutes, displacing billions low death toll to a shallow seabed along the coast caused by natural sedimentation.of tonnes of water along a line of ocean trench as long as Italy. Elsewhere the Tsunami hits, witnesses report the sea receding and exposing the oceanThe 9.15-magnitude quake causes the entire planet to vibrate, releasing energy equivalent floor before the onslaught of the waves. They liken the sound of the Tsunami to the roarto 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs and triggering other earthquakes as far away of freight trains.as Alaska. WITHIN THE THIRD HOURAT 7.59AM • Tsunami hits Bangladesh, killing two• Earthquake strikes off coast of Indonesia • Country protected by ‘Continental shelf’• 9.15 on the Richter scale• Lasts nearly 10 minutes• As powerful as 23,000 Hiroshima bombs 11.21am8.15am Seismologists record a 7.1-magnitude aftershock. Ten minutes later the Tsunami hits the Maldives, killing 108 people. The waves surge across the low-lying island nation, completely inundating 73 of the 199 inhabited islands. For a period of time, MaldiviansWaves as high as six-story buildings hit northern Sumatra and the city of Banda Aceh, think their islands have sunk underwater. In Myanmar, 61 people die.ploughing inland for up to 3 kilometres. The disaster claims almost 166,000 lives inIndonesia. To the north, tidal waves slam into India’s Andaman and Nicobar islands. WITHIN THE FOURTH HOUR • 7.1-magnitude aftershock adds to panicWITHIN FIRST HOUR • Maldives completely inundated• 8.15am – Tsunami hits west coast of Aceh province • Dozens killed in Myanmar• Waves up to 20 metres high• 166,000 killed in Indonesia 12.30pm (and beyond)9.45am The Tsunami sweeps into Malaysia, killing more than 70 people. On the other side of the Indian Ocean, waves roar towards Mauritius, Madagascar and East Africa. In theWaves travelling as fast as jet planes roar across the Indian Ocean. They slow down and Seychelles, low-lying coastal roads are flooded. Along the coast of Somalia, more thangain height as they reach shallow water, striking the coasts of Sri Lanka, Thailand and 300 people die.mainland India. A combined 60,000 people will perish in those countries. FIFTH HOUR AND BEYONDWITHIN THE SECOND HOUR • Waves travel as far as East Africa• Waves reach speeds of 800 km per hour • More than 300 killed in Somalia• Tsunami strikes Sri Lanka, India and Thailand• Kills a combined 60,000 people 10
  • 12. N Nepal Bhutan S Bangladesh Myanmar India Laos Bay a fric of Bengal st A Thailand s Ea Vietnam s far a Andaman Islands Cambodia Southbe yo nd) - Wa v e s t ra vel a China Sea Indian Ocean Nicobar Islands Sri Lanka Malaysia entre pic Maldives E 5am pm (and 7.59am - Borneo 8.1 5am 12.30 am 9.4 Indonesia .01 am Java Sea 10 .21 11 Bali Human Impact Physical Damage Reconstruction Killed and Missing 226,000 in 14 countries Structures Destroyed 470,000 Cost of Recovery 8.7 billion Displaced People 1.8 million Losses & Damages 8.6 billion Aid Pledged 11.2 billion In a few short hours, the Tsunami claimed 226,000 lives in 14 countries and made almost 2 million people homeless. It triggered an unprecedented global outpouring of aid – over e11 billion was pledged by the international community as the extent of the devastation became clear. Seven years after one of the worst natural disasters in living memory, many of the communities have rebuilt large parts of their lives, but the events of that terrible day continue to impact all those affected.
  • 13. Destruction and Initial ResponseThe generous support of people in Ireland contributed to the immediate alleviation of suffering in the early days of theemergency response of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. This generosity was used to support search and rescueoperations and to provide food, water, shelter and medical assistance, essential, to survival in the immediate aftermathof a disaster. 12
  • 14. The Earthquake which struck off the coast of Sumatra caused Tsunami waves of up to 20 metres leaving devastation, horror and grief in its wake. Opposite Page: Banda Aceh in northern Indonesiawas one of the many towns leveled to the ground by the powerful tidal wave, with houses reduced to piles of rubble and communities devastated. Top Right: A Sri Lankan man M.K. Ahula, who lost7 members of his family, stands amid the ruins in Galle, Sri Lanka. 13
  • 15. Destruction and Initial ResponseTeams of ICRC-supported volunteers from the Indonesian Red Cross have the grim task of searching and recoveringdead bodies from the rubble of Aceh, Indonesia. 14
  • 16. Top: A Red Cross fleet of nearly 100 heavy-duty M6 trucks transports hundreds of tonnes of relief and recovery supplies to tsunami survivors. Bottom left: Relatives search and consult notice boardsfor news of lost family and friends on a list published by the Red Cross of those found alive after the tsunami. Bottom right: As part of the Restoring Family Links service, ICRC and Indonesia Red Crossrun a tracing office to assist tsunami survivors in their search for relatives missing following the tsunami. 15
  • 17. Destruction and Initial Response Family links are restored through the assistance of the Red Cross. While too many perished in the disaster, there were thousands of scenes like this one below where a husband is reunited with his wife 16
  • 18. Within hours of the tsunami striking, the Red Cross Red Crescent relief network swung into action. On the ground local branches mobilised their volunteers to provide immediate humanitarianassistance in affected tsunami countries. 17
  • 19. The Response in IrelandPublic response: The global response to the horrific scenes which were broadcast in the United States, Ireland and Australia which raised more than £3.5 million for thearound the world following the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami was unprecedented. No International Red Cross Red Crescent response.less so in Ireland, where there was a massive outpouring of support and sympathy forthe countries affected, and people across the country reacted by offering their services to Immediate support provided: To ease some of the immediate suffering caused by thesupport the Irish Red Cross fundraising efforts. Staff and volunteers of the Irish Red Cross devastation, on 28th December 2004 the Irish Red Cross donated e3 million to thereturned immediately to work from their Christmas holidays and were back at their desks Emergency Appeal of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescentby late afternoon on December 26th, only hours after the Tsunami had struck. Societies (IFRC). This funding was used to support the urgent recovery operations, through the provision of clean and safe water, emergency shelter and search and rescue activities.Reflecting the unprecedented level of the public response, the Irish Red Cross receivedgenerous offers of support from people to help answer phones, distribute collection The bulk of the remaining e29 million raised was spent on both emergency and recoverybuckets and raise funds both in Head Office in Dublin and through our network of projects over the next seven years. While the Irish Red Cross Tsunami response had scaledbranches around the country. As teams of volunteers worked continuously in the days down significantly by early 2010, the organisation continues to be involved in longer termand weeks following the Tsunami, local businesses showed their support by providing free development projects in Sri Lanka, Indonesia and the Maldives.sandwiches and refreshments for the volunteers and staff, and local financial institutionsprovided experienced staff to assist in the secure handling of the massive amounts of cashbeing donated.In recognition of this true expression of the Red Cross Red Crescent principles of humanityand voluntary service, President Mary McAleese, and her family visited the Irish Red CrossHead Office on New Year’s Day 2005 to provide her own encouragement for the tirelesswork being undertaken by staff and volunteers.Civic leaders also provided support, including the then Lord Mayor of Dublin, MichaelConaghan, who kindly threw open the doors of the Mansion House to accept donationsduring the holiday period. Dublin City Council staff also accepted donations for theTsunami appeal at their offices.Fundraising activities: Representatives of An Garda Síochána and Civil Defence wereextremely active in the fundraising efforts, with the Gardaí save guarding Tsunami fundsraised in pubs and restaurants around the country during the New Year’s festivities andrepresentatives of the Civil Defence forces organising and holding numerous streetcollections.Irish Red Cross branch members organised numerous events to raise funds for the Irish RedCross appeal, as well as supporting other local events being run to help Tsunami victims.All fundraising efforts were co-ordinated by the dedicated staff at Head Office in MerrionSquare, Dublin.The nationwide fundraising campaign was generously supported by the business communitywhich came out in force for the victims of the Tsunami, with many businesses simplydonating funds from within their own resources, while others matched Euro-for-Euro thefunds raised by their staff. On 7th January 2005, companies across Ireland supportedemployees who participated in the Irish Red Cross “Work a Day for Free”, with employersfacilitating the donation to the Irish Red Cross of staff salaries for the day.Other innovative fund raising events undertaken by the business community includedthe Coolmore Stud organising an international auction for access to their 50 stallions 18
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  • 21. Indonesia IndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Country information: Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the The massive relief operation undertaken by the international community took world, with over 240 million people inhabiting 6,000 of the country’s 17,500 place under extremely difficult conditions. Not only had the entire Province islands, which span over 6,500km. The majority of the population live on the been devastated by the Tsunami, but access was incredibly challenging Aceh Jaya islands of Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. Indonesia’s location due to its remote location and the long running armed conflict between the on the edges of the Pacific, Eurasian and Australian tectonic plates results in Government and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM). The Tsunami operation frequent and powerful earthquakes across the archipelago. Prior to 2004, the in Aceh and Nias was one of the largest and most complex operations in the Banda Aceh worst tsunami to hit Indonesia was in 1883 when Mount Krakatoa erupted, history of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement. killing over 36,000 people. The Irish Red Cross provided immediate financial and personnel assistance to Nagan Raya Impact of the Tsunami: The Province of Aceh in northern Sumatra was the our international Red Cross Movement partners. However, it quickly became worst-affected by the Tsunami, with the epicentre of the 9.15 earthquake apparent that the needs were so great that we had a responsibility to striking underwater between Aceh and the island of Simeulue with the force establish a presence on the ground to organise assistance directly. So, the Pulo Aceh Island of 23,000 Hiroshima bombs. The entire coast of Aceh bore the brunt of the Irish Red Cross undertook a series of critically important and innovative waves, with the towns of Banda Aceh, Meulaboh and Calang being destroyed programmes covering education, beneficiary communications, water and in minutes. This close to the earthquake’s epicentre, the waves were over sanitation, as well as emergency response to subsequent disasters such Sabang Island 20m high and swept through everything in their path. as earthquakes in Yogyakarta and Padang. Nearly 166,000 people were killed or disappeared in Aceh Province alone, During the five years that the Irish Red Cross had an office in Banda Aceh,Central Java and nearly 180,000 homes were destroyed. Then on 28th March 2005, barely over 100 people worked for us and, through our close connections with the three months later, the nearby island of Nias was hit by another massive local communities, Irish Red Cross staff and volunteers became a familiar and earthquake which claimed hundreds more lives and wreaked havoc on the popular sight in Aceh. In December 2009 we formally closed our office in Yogyakarta already strained local infrastructure. Banda Aceh. However, we handed over aspects of our work, and some staff to PMI through agreements to fund ongoing activities during 2010 and 2011 Irish Red Cross response: The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) responded to ensure that the hard work and dedication of all the Irish Red Cross staff inWest Sumatra immediately, and PMI staff and volunteers showed unbelievable courage and Aceh continues to make an impact into the future. humanity in assisting people in their time of greatest need, and in organising the grim task of collecting the bodies of those killed. Padang 20
  • 22. ThailandIndonesia South China Sea Aceh Malaysia Province Kuala Lumpur Singapore Sumatra Borneo Padang Andaman Sea Indonesia Java Sea Sabang Jakarta Pulo Aceh Yogyakarta Banda Aceh Aceh Besar N Aceh Aceh Jaya Province Calang Aceh Barat Nagan Raya S Aceh Barat Meulaboh Daya Human Impact Killed and Missing 165,949 Injured Unkown Simeulue Displaced People 572,926 Aceh Singkil Physical Damage Structures Destroyed 179,312 Losses & Damages 3.6 billion Nias Sumatra Reconstruction Cost of Recovery 4.4 billion Aid Pledged 4.2 billion Padang 21
  • 23. Indonesia Beneficiary CommunicationsAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Community Advocacy: Following a major natural disaster such as the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, the need by disaster affected communities for accurate and reliable information is as fundamental as food, shelter and medical assistance. As over 300 international Nagan Raya organisations arrived in Banda Aceh in early 2005, the Irish Red Cross realised that there was a need for detailed information on the recovery operation to be provided to the local communities. Various media such as newspapers, newsletters, bulletin boards Pulo Aceh Island and radio were used to ensure information about Red Cross programmes reached all levels of the affected communities. Opposite Page Sabang Island A group of children read a cartoon story of the Red Cross Red Crescent humanitarian efforts in providing services to Tsunami-affected communities. The edition celebrates the anniversary of World Red Cross and Red Crescent day. The Irish Red Cross newspaper, Rumoh PMI, covered the reconstruction and rehabilitation issues inCentral Java Aceh Province and Nias Island with over 50,000 free copies delivered each month to Tsunami-affected communities. YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 22
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  • 25. Beneficiary CommunicationsIndonesia Radio: Rumoh PMI, which means House of PMI, was the title chosen by the Irish Red Cross for our newspaper and radio services in Aceh. The Rumoh PMI radio services provided by the Irish Red Cross allowed local communities to directly inputAceh Province into the debates and discussions around the rebuilding of their communities which had been destroyed by the Tsunami. Below: Irish Red Cross radio reporter, Isana Burhan, interviews students about disaster Aceh Barat preparedness stimulation activities held in their school.  Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 24
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  • 27. Beneficiary CommunicationsIndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Television: In early 2009, the Irish Red Cross aired the first of 19 TV chat shows, called Warung Kopi Rumoh PMI (Indonesian Red Cross Coffee Shop), which allowed local people the chance to ask questions of local authorities, the Red Cross and other aid Pulo Aceh Island agencies about the recovery work being undertaken in Aceh Province. Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 26
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  • 29. Indonesia EducationAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Back-to-School Assistance: With so many people killed across Aceh, there was a real risk of a “lost generation” of children who had been traumatised by the Tsunami and had lost some or all of their family. Working closely with PMI, the Irish Red Cross developed a Secondary Education Cash Assistance Programme (SECAP) to provide cash assistance to vulnerable children so that they could return to school. Padang S E C A P SECONDARY In total, over 7,800 students benefitted from the SECAP programme between 2005 and 2011 and the Irish Red Cross SECAP staff developed close links with EDUCATION CASH ASSISTANCE students and schools across Aceh. Amy Tyndall (top right) presents an award to a student on Sabang Island, while SECAP field staff (bottom left) spent much PROGRAMME of their time supporting families to ensure that students who had returned to school were continuing their studies. 28
  • 30. 29
  • 31. EducationIndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 30
  • 32. As well as cash grants, the SECAP programme developed life skills training, buddy support andmentoring for the children, and assistance for the non-formal education system. Support from PMIand the Banda Aceh authorities, including the Vice-Mayor of Banda Aceh Ms. Illiza Sa’AduddinDjamal (right) were instrumental in the success of the project.Top Right: The cash grants provided by the SECAP programme meant that students were able to buyshoes, uniforms and other school supplies, as well as cover the cost of transport to and from school.Without SECAP support, all these costs may have made it prohibitive for a student like Mahdia fromLamno, Aceh Jaya, to attend school. 31
  • 33. EducationIndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 32
  • 34. School Construction: While many families were in need of assistance to ensure that their children were able to return to school, therewas also a huge need to rebuild the physical infrastructure of the education system. Through partnership with the German Red Cross,the Irish Red Cross funded the construction of five schools on the remote island of Pulo Aceh and one school in Banda Aceh.Opposite page, bottom left: Irish Red Cross Country Representative Dan Prewitt, Community Outreach Programme Manager HelenaRea and Head of the International Department, Noel Wardick on the boat to Pulo Aceh which was the sole means of getting personneland materials onto the island. 33
  • 35. EducationIndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Irish Red Cross and German Red Cross staff worked closely on the schools construction, with joint monitoring visits arranged to Pulo Aceh Island on a regular basis. Banda Aceh Right: Irish Red Cross Secretary General John Roycroft and Head of the International Department, Noel Wardick, on the Australian Red Cross boat “The Solferino” en route to Pulo Aceh, December 2008. Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 34
  • 36. 35
  • 37. Indonesia Water and SanitationAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Temporary Living Shelters: The water and sanitation needs in Aceh Province following the Tsunami were massive. As temporary living shelters were established for Padang the hundreds of thousands of people who had lost their homes, the Irish Red Cross developed an innovative approach to provide improved access to water and sanitation, through numerous small-scale activities to fill the gaps left by larger projects, including providing cleaning tools and improving drainage channels. 36
  • 38. 37
  • 39. Water and SanitationIndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang Community Based Projects: As homes were rebuilt, people moved out of the temporary living shelters. Continuing the community-led approach to water and sanitation, the Irish Red Cross worked directly with communities to identify their own needs, such as this project at Deah Mamplam in Aceh Besar District to improve access to clean water. Parallel to the physical infrastructure which was built, Irish Red Cross staff worked with communities to establish volunteer water and sanitation committees to maintain the water systems put in place and to promote good hygiene practices for the adults and children. 38
  • 40. 39
  • 41. Water and SanitationIndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 40
  • 42. The positive impact that a permanent water tower, such as was constructed by the Irish Red Cross in Labuy village (far left) or plumbed toilets, such as those built in 11 schools (above) has on the health and well-being of a community cannot be underestimated.41
  • 43. Indonesia Humanitarian ResponsesAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Yogyakarta Earthquake: Indonesia is located in one of the most active geological areas of the world, and earthquakes are unfortunately a common occurrence across the country. From our base in Banda Aceh, the Irish Red Cross was able to send staff and assistance following two such events. In May 2006, an earthquake measuring Nagan Raya 6.3 on the Richter scale hit Yogyakarta on the island of Java and claimed more than 5,700 lives. Then in September and October 2009 two large earthquakes struck near to Padang on the island of Sumatra killing nearly 1,200 people and destroying over 250,000 houses. Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 42
  • 44. 43
  • 45. Humanitarian ResponsesIndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang In the wake of the May 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake, the Irish Red Cross provided assistance to affected households with the technical, material and financial assistance to build their own durable, earthquake-resistant bamboo framed temporary shelters. 44
  • 46. Padang Earthquake: A team of four Irish Red Cross staff members from our Community OutreachProgramme were sent to Padang following the earthquakes in September and October 2009. DelegateWill Rogers, Project Manager Helena Rea, Photographer Gail Zulfikar, and Radio Director Nusafrispent two weeks assisting PMI and the IFRC provide accurate information to the affected communitieshit by the earthquake. This included linking up our Rumoh PMI radio station and Warung Kopi TVshow in Banda Aceh to the Padang region so that information could be communicated effectivelywithout the need to establish new structures in the midst of the destruction of Padang. 45
  • 47. Indonesia Farewell Banda Aceh!Aceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 46
  • 48. St. Patrick’s Day: Despite the challenging work undertaken on a daily basis, everyone is Irish on St Patrick’s Day, so 17th March 2009 was a time for celebration by the team in Banda Aceh, and an excuse to wear green. 47
  • 49. Farewell Banda Aceh!IndonesiaAceh Province Aceh Barat Aceh Barat Daya Aceh Besar Aceh Jaya Banda Aceh Nagan Raya Pulo Aceh Island Sabang IslandCentral Java YogyakartaWest Sumatra Padang 48
  • 50. Irish Red Cross Society Tsunami Relief & Recovery Programme 2005 – 2011 Indonesia Health & Care No of beneficiaries Access to an improved water source: • Water and sanitation projects in transitional shelters 2,780 • Washing shelters and household wells 14,000 • Household and community connections to mains water supply 596 • Community water supply systems 3,796 Improved waste management facilities or improved latrines 17,138 Community hygiene promotion training of trainers 352 Community hygiene promotion trainings and promotional materials 5,884 Total beneficiaries 44,546 Shelter & Community Construction No of beneficiaries Permanent houses 51 Schools (construction and rehabilitation) 831 Total beneficiaries 882 Livelihoods No of beneficiaries Individuals that have received education support grants 7,843 Total beneficiaries 7,843 Beneficiary Communication No of beneficiaries Cases facilitated by the Community Advocacy Unit 9,100 Rumoh - PMI newspaper 98,392 (per edition) Radio programmes 90,447 (per hour) TV shows 78,835 (per episode) Total beneficiaries 276,774 Disaster Management No of beneficiariesOpposite page, top: Irish Red Cross Country Representative Tim Cummings draws the Irish Red Crossoperations to a close in December 2009, and thanks everyone involved. While the Irish Red Cross Support for ICRC emergency humanitarian activities 2,480Banda Aceh office has now closed, we handed over the Rumoh PMI radio station and the SECAP Total beneficiaries 2,480education programme to the Indonesian Red Cross who continue to work with the most vulnerableof society, with the ongoing support of the Irish Red Cross. 49
  • 51. The MaldivesHaa Alifu The MaldivesHaa DhaaluShaviyaniRaa DhuvvaafaruNoonuBaa Country information: The Maldives is a chain of more than 1,100 islands in Irish Red Cross response: Due to the large scale destruction of vitalLhaviyani the Indian Ocean, separated into 26 atolls with a land surface area of less community infrastructure, the international Red Cross Red Crescent than 300km2, making it one of the smallest and most disparate countries in Movement undertook a co-ordinated approach to rebuilding, not just theKaafu the world. Situated off the tip of the Indian sub-continent, the Maldives lies houses which had been destroyed but also the community infrastructure Maafushi about 700km south-west of Sri Lanka. While the Maldives is renowned for and social networks which had been so severely impacted. The Irish Red the beauty of its tropical islands, and is a popular holiday destination, life Cross took an active part in this rebuilding through funding the construction Guraidhoo is dominated by the ocean and is extremely vulnerable to natural disasters. of entirely new sewerage systems on three islands (Dh.Kudahuvadhoo, Most of the islands only stand 1.5m about sea level, so any change in sea K.Maafushi and K.Guraidhoo).Alifu Alifu conditions can have a massive impact on the life of the country. Recently,Male the threatened impact of climate change led the Maldivian Government to In partnership with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red hold an underwater Cabinet meeting to highlight the potentially catastrophic Crescent Societies (IFRC), the Irish Red Cross sewer system linked into anAlifu Dhaalu impact of even a small increase in sea levels. American Red Cross funded project aimed at upgrading and replacingVaavu household septic tanks on these three islands. By taking this co-ordinated Impact of the Tsunami: The Tsunami crashed into the low lying islands approach, the communities on the three islands have been ensured cleanFaafu of the Maldives around 12 noon on 26th December 2004, completely and safe water, and the natural environment has been improved dramatically inundating 73 of the 199 inhabited islands. While the loss of life was as raw sewage is no longer being pumped into the surrounding waters.Meemu thankfully lower than in many surrounding countries, the waves swept In addition to providing over e4.4 million in funding to the IFRC forDhaalu across the island nation destroying homes, businesses and infrastructure this project, between 2005 and 2008, three Irish Red Cross Delegates and displacing a large proportion of the 300,000 inhabitants. Along with were seconded to the IFRC to provide expert advice and assistance on Kudahavadhoo Indonesia and Sri Lanka, the Maldives was one of the countries worst construction, IT and communications related matters. affected by the Tsunami. It is estimated that the damage caused equatedThaa to over 60% of the country’s GDP and one in every ten persons was The Irish Red Cross continues to be actively engaged in the Maldives,Laamu displaced – translating to more people per capita than in any other with an Irish Red Cross Delegate becoming the Head of Delegation for affected country. the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. DuringGaafu Alifu 2011, Irish Red Cross is funding a three year project promoting cultures ofGaafu Dhaalu non-violence and child protection in local communities in the Maldives.GnaviyaniSeenu 50
  • 52. N SThe Maldives- 26 Atolls Maafushi Guraidhoo Indian Ocean Kaafu Lhaviyani Male Vaavu Meemu Laamu Gnaviyani Noonu Gaafu Alifu Haa Seenu Shaviyani Dhaalu Gaafu Dhaalu Alifu Dhaalu Thaa Haa Raa Alifu Dhaalu Faafu Baa Alifu Alifu Dhuvvaafaru Kudahuvadhoo Human Impact Physical Damage Reconstruction Killed and Missing 108 Structures Destroyed 6,000 Cost of Recovery 300 million Injured 1,313 Losses & Damages 377million Aid Pledged 280million Displaced People 29,577 51
  • 53. The Maldives Water, Sanitation and Community ConstructionHaa AlifuHaa DhaaluShaviyaniRaa DhuvvaafaruNoonuBaaLhaviyaniKaafu Maafushi Guraidhoo Community Sewerage Systems: The old system of sewage outfall on Maafushi Island (top left) pumped raw sewage straight into the sea. The Irish Red Cross fundedAlifu Alifu sewage system was built to collect wastewater from houses and community buildings and discharge the effluent safely beyond the lagoon. This prevents pollution of theMale groundwater, and ensures disposal of wastewater in an environmentally safe manner, while also improving the health of the local populations who live and work so closelyAlifu Dhaalu to the sea.Vaavu Below: Maldives Environment and Water Minister, Ahmed Abdullah, and the International Federation’s Head of Delegation in the Maldives, Jerry Talbot, digFaafu symbolic shovels into sandy soil to mark the start of construction of the community sewerage system on Maafushi Island in August 2006.MeemuDhaalu KudahavadhooThaaLaamuGaafu AlifuGaafu DhaaluGnaviyaniSeenu 52
  • 54. Despite being 99% water, and vulnerable to rising sea levels, the Maldives is chronically short of fresh water. People rely on rainwater and the limited groundwater trapped beneath the islands. However, the Tsunami ruined the groundwater supplies, so the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement developed a comprehensive water programme, including building 15 supplementary water systems on the islands in most need, and installed over 100,000 rainwater harvesting tanks. Left: Irish Red Cross staff members Michael Wardick and Joe Lowry at the groundbreaking ceremony to commemorate the start of work on the community sewerage system on Maafushi Island in August 2006.53
  • 55. Water, Sanitation and Community ConstructionThe MaldivesHaa AlifuHaa DhaaluShaviyaniRaa DhuvvaafaruNoonuBaaLhaviyaniKaafu Maafushi GuraidhooAlifu Alifu Bottom Left: The territory of the Maldives is made up of 99 per cent saltwater. Supplementary water systems were installed, which provided much needed fresh water supplies to communities. Bottom Middle: The tsunami also damaged or destroyedMale thousands of houses like this one shown here. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement adopted a “build back better” approach to reconstruction in theAlifu Dhaalu Maldives.VaavuFaafuMeemuDhaalu KudahavadhooThaaLaamuGaafu AlifuGaafu DhaaluGnaviyaniSeenu 54
  • 56. The people of the Maldives are closely connected to the sea, and fishing is the life-blood for manyfamilies. Following the Tsunami, there was an urgent need to replace lost and damaged fishing boatsand equipment, and was one of the key priorities for the Maldivian Government and humanitarianagencies.Below: International Department staff member Colm Byrne inspects a rainwater harvesting tank onone of the newly constructed houses on Guraidhoo Island in November 2006. 55
  • 57. Water, Sanitation and Community ConstructionThe MaldivesHaa AlifuHaa DhaaluShaviyaniRaa DhuvvaafaruNoonuBaaLhaviyani Community Reconstruction: The Irish Red Cross was actively involved in the community reconstruction process through the secondment of construction, IT andKaafu communications experts to the IFRC. Irish Red Cross staff member, Tanya Pocock (above), spent more than a year in the the Maldives assisting in the development of Maafushi comprehensive IT systems to support the local communities. Guraidhoo In March 2006, Irish Red Cross Secretary General, Carmel Dunne (below), visited the Maldives as part of an international Red Cross and Red Crescent Delegation, and metAlifu Alifu owners of new homes on Maafushi Island. This was one of 14 International Federation- built homes on the island that were connected to the community sewerage system.Male Left: Rashida Zakaria, with two of her 12 children, who were all displaced by the Tsunami sitting outside their new home on Kudahuvadhoo Island.Alifu DhaaluVaavu Opposite Page Construction workers installing household septic tanks on Guraidhoo Island.Faafu Through a successful collaboration between Red Cross partners, the American Red Cross provided the household septic tanks which linked to the community sewerageMeemu system funded by the Irish Red Cross.Dhaalu KudahavadhooThaaLaamuGaafu AlifuGaafu DhaaluGnaviyaniSeenu 56
  • 58. 57
  • 59. Water, Sanitation and Community ConstructionThe MaldivesHaa AlifuHaa DhaaluShaviyaniRaa DhuvvaafaruNoonuBaaLhaviyaniKaafu Maafushi GuraidhooAlifu AlifuMaleAlifu DhaaluVaavuFaafuMeemuDhaalu Kudahavadhoo Above: Seventy-year-old Aminath Aboobaker from Maafushi Island, who has nine children and 30 grandchildren, sensed something was wrong and ran for safety as theThaa Tsunami hit. “We were swept off our feet but luckily we were carried to the mosque and safety.”LaamuGaafu Alifu Opposite Page Top left: Johan Schaar, IFRC Special Representative for Tsunami Operations, viewsGaafu Dhaalu nearly completed houses on Kudahuvadhoo Island in February 2006.Gnaviyani Bottom right: Irish Red Cross staff member Joe Lowry and Muhammed Mustharshid, IFRC Construction Programme Officer, standing on the roof of one of the 50 housesSeenu built for Tsunami survivors on Kudahuvadhoo Island. 58
  • 60. 59
  • 61. Water, Sanitation and Community ConstructionThe Maldives Left: Ensuring that the sewerage outflow pipes were working effectively includedHaa Alifu extensive underwater technical inspections by qualified divers at depths of up to 7.5 m.Haa DhaaluShaviyaniRaa DhuvvaafaruNoonuBaaLhaviyaniKaafu Maafushi GuraidhooAlifu AlifuMaleAlifu DhaaluVaavuFaafuMeemuDhaalu KudahavadhooThaaLaamuGaafu AlifuGaafu DhaaluGnaviyaniSeenu 60
  • 62. Irish Red Cross Society Tsunami Relief & Recovery Programme 2005 - 2011 The Maldives Health & Care No of beneficiaries Improved waste management facilities or improved latrines 8,300 Total beneficiaries 8,300 Shelter & Community Construction No of beneficiaries Community construction support 5,800 Total beneficiaries 5,800 Above: Children displaced by the Tsunami play in front of a newly built water treatment plant on Gadhdhoo Island.61
  • 63. Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Colombo District Colombo Kalutara District Kalutara Panadura Country information: Sri Lanka has always played an important strategic Movement, the Irish Red Cross undertook programmes in four of the Districts Ampara District role in the Indian Ocean, and with 1,340km of coastline large portions of the hit hardest by the Tsunami: country have a direct connection with the sea. Sri Lanka is a similar size to Akkaraipattu Ireland, but has a population five times larger at over 20 million inhabitants, • Colombo: Massive displacement of people into the capital created a many of whom live in coastal areas. For much of the past 30 years, the island need to strengthen temporary and permanent facilities, such as shelters Karativu was gripped by a vicious civil war between the Government and the Liberation and schools. Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE). • Kalutara: The Irish Red Cross built apartments for nearly 300 people and a Nindavur school in Kalutara town, a maternity clinic in Panadura, and provided Impact of the Tsunami: Due to the shape of Sri Lanka and the way the assistance to over 1,000 people to restart their livelihoods. Pottuvil Tsunami spread out across the Indian Ocean, the waves hit not just the east • Ampara: Through innovative partnerships, such as the Galway-Sri Lanka coast but swirled around the top and bottom of the island. The destruction Project, the Irish Red Cross helped to rebuild 250 homes, one hospital, Vellavelli caused was particularly bad in the eastern Districts of Trincomalee, Batticaloa a water supply and distribution system for over 6,000 people, a water and Ampara, the western Districts of Galle and Kalutara, and the northern supply network for the main District hospital and provided livelihoods Weeragoda Districts of Jaffna and Mullaittivu. assistance to over 8,000 people. • Batticaloa: Through a co-ordinated approach to help rebuild Two key factors compounded the effects of the Tsunami in Sri Lanka. First of communities, the Irish Red Cross built three hospitals, over 700 homes Batticaloa District all, the wide extent of coastline hit meant that the relief effort had to cover and provided livelihoods assistance to nearly 1,500 people. an extremely large geographic area. Secondly, the civil war between the Batticaloa Government and the LTTE in the northern and eastern parts of the country was While the Irish Red Cross finalised its direct activities in Sri Lanka in June ongoing from the time of the Tsunami until mid-2009 making relief operations 2009, we continue to support the work of the Sri Lanka Red Cross Society Kallar in those areas particularly difficult. and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement through funding and provision of Irish Red Cross Delegates in Sri Lanka for our Red Cross Kathiravelli Irish Red Cross response: The Red Cross appeal for Sri Lanka highlighted the partners. Massive humanitarian needs remain in the north of the country not urgent need to rebuild vital family and community infrastructure, from housing only because of the Tsunami but also due to 30 years of conflict. The Irish Red PKK and health facilities to schools and livelihoods. Therefore, in partnership with Cross therefore continues to support these communities as they resettle back in the Sri Lanka Red Cross Society and the International Red Cross Red Crescent their communities. Santivelli Thiramaidu 62
  • 64. India N S Bay of Bengal Indian Sri Ocean Lanka Santivelli Kathiravelli Batticaloa Batticaloa District Putthukkudiyuruppa (PKK) Kallar Karativu WeeragodaHuman Impact Vellavelli SammanthuraiKilled and Missing 35,322 Colombo NindavurInjuredDisplaced People 21,441 516,150 Colombo District Akkaraipattu Ampara Pottuvil District PanaduraPhysical Damage Kalutara Kalutara DistrictStructures Destroyed 119,562Losses & Damages 1.8 billionReconstructionCost of Recovery 1.8 billionAid Pledged 2.6 billion 63
  • 65. Sri Lanka Colombo DistrictColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Schools Projects: Schools Projects: The Tsunami forced thousands of people to flee their homes in coastal provinces of Sri Lanka, and emergency shelters were set up in many schools, including around the capital Colombo, to provide immediate short- Kathiravelli term accommodation for those made homeless. Once more appropriate housing was found, many of these schools needed refurbishment work so students could return to their studies. In Colombo District, the Irish Red Cross repaired six schools and PKK provided equipment such as desks, chairs and books for 5,000 students. Above: Irish Red Cross Country Co-ordinator, Sheila Callan, speaks to school children Santivelli in Colombo in December 2005. Thiramaidu 64
  • 66. 65
  • 67. Sri Lanka Kalutara DistrictColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Above: Irish Red Cross Chairperson, David Andrews (above) cuts the ribbons at the Nindavur formal opening ceremony for the Janaraja apartment complex in October 2006, while (below) a ceremonial candle is lit as part of the traditional Hindu puja blessing. Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 66
  • 68. Janaraja Apartment Complex: To ensure a comprehensive approach for the local community, the Irish Red Cross rebuilt homes, a school andprovided skills training and economic assistance to over 200 families in Kalutara town. One of the first major projects that the Irish Red Crossundertook in Sri Lanka was the construction of 64 apartments for families whose homes at the seafront had been destroyed by the waves. 67
  • 69. Kalutara DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur The Pat Kenny Show: TV and radio broadcaster, Pat Kenny, visited Irish Red Cross projects in Kalutara in 2005 and met with families who had lost everything in the Pottuvil Tsunami. He was shown around by Irish Red Cross staff including, Sheila Callan, Liam McCarton, Jackie Quelly and Nimal Hemachandra. Pat Kenny and his team returned in 2006 to visit the same families as they prepared to move into their Vellavelli new homes. His reports from Sri Lanka as communities rebuilt their lives won the prestigious PPI national radio current affairs award for 2006. WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 68
  • 70. Sri Sumangala Boy’s School: As part of our work in rehabilitating schools which were used as emergencycamps for displaced people immediately after the Tsunami, the Irish Red Cross built and equipped 20temporary classrooms in the Sri Sumangala Boy’s School, Panadura, which were opened in January 2006.This provided classroom facilities for 3,500 students while a new school for the pupils was built. 69
  • 71. Kalutara DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Vidayala Jangarajah School: Reflecting our commitment to improve the educational Karativu opportunities for children in the communities where we work, the Vidayala Jangarajah school, constructed by the Irish Red Cross, now provides education for 400 secondary level students, both male and female. This commitment was recognised by the Sri Nindavur Lankan Government, which presented our Country Representative, Simon Harris (above), with a plaque which reads: “In Great Appreciation of the Commitment and Pottuvil Generosity Extended Towards Rehabilitating the Tsunami Affected Education System in Sri Lanka”. Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 70
  • 72. 71
  • 73. Kalutara DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli Panadura Maternity Clinic: Helping to improve the health services in Sri Lanka was one Weeragoda of the key priorities for the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement. Following an agreement in early 2005 between the Ministry of Health and the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement, the Irish Red Cross committed to rebuild health facilities in parts of the country worst affectedBatticaloa District by the Tsunami. In the town of Panadura, the local hospital provided only restricted services for mothers and children. Working with the medical staff, the Irish Red Cross constructed a Batticaloa dedicated maternity clinic for the hospital that will provide pre- and post-natal care for up to 10,000 women per year. Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 72
  • 74. Skills Training: In addition to building homes in Kalutara for those displaced by the Tsunami, the Irish Red Cross implemented a range of skills training and economic activities programmes. Working with the local Kalutara Branch of the Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, the Irish Red Cross funded the development of a computer lab to provide skills training for local youths to assist them in obtaining employment. This was complemented by a programme for over 200 families to replace equipment they lost in the Tsunami. By providing sewing machines, bicycles, carpentry and masonry equipment, food production and cash grants for small-scale businesses, these families were able to earn money and get back onto their feet.73
  • 75. Sri Lanka Ampara DistrictColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Galway-Sri Lanka Project: Ampara District in eastern Sri Lanka was particularly badly affected by the Tsunami. The Irish Red Cross established an extremely successful partnership Santivelli with the Galway-Sri Lanka Project, which was formed following the Tsunami by a group of volunteers from Galway who all had experience working in Sri Lanka. As a result of excellent local knowledge, the Galway-Sri Lanka Project, led by Noel Coughlan and Savithri Senaratne, was able to complete the first permanent houses in Ampara District for Tsunami survivors. By the end of the multi-year partnership, the Irish Red Cross and Galway-Sri Lanka Project had assisted the communities of Karativu, Nindavur and Weeragoda Thiramaidu to rebuild 250 houses, 5 pre-schools, 2 community centres and provided much needed economic assistance and training. 74
  • 76. 75
  • 77. Ampara DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 76
  • 78. Above and below: Irish Red Cross Chairperson, David Andrews, and Noel Coughlan of the Galway-Sri Lanka Project at the opening ceremony of the first Tsunami houses to be rebuilt in Karativu inJanuary 2006. 77
  • 79. Ampara DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 78
  • 80. Pottuvil Water Project: Access to clean and safe water is a prerequisite for healthy communities. One of the deadliest and most insidiouseffects of the Tsunami was the contamination of groundwater and wells with seawater. So even if people had survived the Tsunami itself,because large sections of the country’s coastal regions were inundated with salt water, their sources of drinking water were destroyed.To help remedy this, after the initial emergency stage of the recovery operations, the Irish Red Cross developed several large-scalewater and sanitation programmes to ensure that safe water was available for communities affected by the Tsunami. Irish Red Crossstaff, including Wardell Eastwood (bottom left) and Nikhil Khanna (top left), successfully completed a project in Pottuvil whichconsisted of the construction of a 1,000m³ water tower, over 30km of distribution pipes and 1,000 household connections for a townof 6,000 people. 79
  • 81. Ampara DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 80
  • 82. Above: Irish Red Cross staff members Ureka Witharana and Pakeerathan Kanapathippillai.Akkaraipattu Base Hospital: Despite a new regional hospital being built in Akkaraipattu in 2007, theoriginal plans did not include a dedicated water supply or waste water disposal system. The Irish RedCross stepped in to fill this gap and started work in mid-2008 on a comprehensive water system forthe hospital, which serves a local community of over 300,000 people. 81
  • 83. Ampara DistrictSri Lanka Vellavelli Livelihoods: To complement the rebuilding of physical infrastructure such as houses, hospitals and schools, in late 2007 the Irish Red Cross ran an extremelyColombo District successful agricultural livelihoods project for ten villages in the Vellavelli Division of Ampara District. Over 8,500 people benefitted from improved rice and vegetable production, the cleaning of household wells for drinking and cooking, and small-scale Colombo cash grants for business activities. On a return visit to Vellavelli in April 2009 (right), the benefits to the local farmers were obvious as they re-sowed paddy in their fields, after having sold the excess portion of their previous harvest for profit to reinvest intoKalutara District their land and families. Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 82
  • 84. 83
  • 85. Sri Lanka Batticaloa DistrictColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli Kallar District Hospital: This hospital in Batticaloa town was in a terrible state of repair when the Irish Red Cross first visited in early 2005. The impact of the Tsunami on the region was severe, but this was compounded by fighting between the Tamil Tigers and the Government. The Irish Red Cross worked in Batticaloa District throughout the conflict, Weeragoda but had to limit activities at various times to ensure the safety of staff. After a long and close relationship with the medical staff in Kallar Hospital, a new two-story, 80-bed hospital was built by the Irish Red Cross which included a paediatric ward, maternal health ward, doctor’s accommodation and the refurbishment of the old hospital.Batticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 84
  • 86. 85
  • 87. Batticaloa DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil At the opening ceremony in June 2009, the hospital staff and local community were able to show their appreciation to the Irish Red Cross, including Country Co-ordinator, Kerrie Collett (below left) while District Medical Officer Dr. C. Vamathevan(below right) cuts the ribbon to inaugurate the new hospital. Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 86
  • 88. Medical Centres: In addition to the large hospital project at Kallar, the Irish Red Cross constructed and equipped two medical centres at Kathiravelli and Santivelli, each of which provides 20 beds for patients, covering the local population of 100,000 people.87
  • 89. Batticaloa DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Housing: One of the biggest challenges facing communities following the Tsunami was finding safe and secure places to live. Many people had to move from the immediate Nindavur coastal areas to ensure that they were safe from future tsunamis and flooding, as well as having to rebuild their houses which had been destroyed by the waves. Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 88
  • 90. The Irish Red Cross assisted families to build 440 houses in Putthukkudiyuruppu (PKK) and 189 houses in Thiramaidu, including a mix of unique raised houses on columns to protect against flooding, and singlestory houses depending on each family’s personal situation.Irish Red Cross staff member, AnnaMarie O’Carroll (top left), worked closely with the families as they rebuilt their homes and restarted economic activities with the assistance of the Irish Red Cross. Here shespeaks to J. T. Thevinayagum and his five grandchildren outside their new house. Mr. Thevinayagum and his wife have been caring for their five grandchildren who lost both their parents to the Tsunami, and Mrs.Gunalaxmi Thevinayagum received an Irish Red Cross livelihoods grant to restart her grocery business that was lost during the Tsunami. 89
  • 91. Batticaloa DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara Panadura Through a unique owner driven approach to rebuilding houses, families were provided with cash grants and technicalAmpara District assistance from the Irish Red Cross to rebuild their own homes. This empowered families to put their own personal stamp on their homes, and families undertook elaborate opening ceremonies once they had completed rebuilding. Akkaraipattu Irish Red Cross representatives, including Country Co-ordinator Kerrie Collett, and head office staff Noel Wardick and Dug Cubie, attended these events to celebrate the commitment and dedication shown by the communities themselves in rebuilding their lives. Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Kallar Kathiravelli PKK Santivelli Thiramaidu 90
  • 92. Livelihoods: As part of our comprehensive activities in PKK, the Irish Red Cross assisted families torebuild their homes and provided cash-grants to families for the start-up of grocery shops, animalhusbandry, poultry rearing and other small-scale income generating projects.Mr. Velmurugu Sivaguru and his family received assistance in rebuilding their home and installing awater pump through Irish Red Cross support. He is now able to irrigate his entire half acre plantationwhich produces enough vegetables for his family’s daily consumption and a surplus amount that hesells on the local market. At night Mr. Sivaguru goes fishing – supplementing the family’s diet andincome from the sale of fish. 91
  • 93. Batticaloa DistrictSri LankaColombo District ColomboKalutara District Kalutara PanaduraAmpara District Akkaraipattu Karativu Nindavur Pottuvil Vellavelli WeeragodaBatticaloa District Batticaloa Shop keeper Kanapathipillai Devanesam (top left), in his shop which he was able to reopen with an Irish Red Cross livelihoods grant, while Kallar 60 year old V. Ponnachi (top right) plans to breed from the goats that she bought with her cash grant received from the Irish Red Cross. Kathiravelli In total, nearly 1,500 people benefitted from the Irish Red Cross cash grants provided in PKK, with families restocking animals lost in the PKK Tsunami and commencing new activities like commercial sewing and cookery. Santivelli Opposite Page Suriya Vadhani, in her new house in PKK, prepares food for cooking Thiramaidu as her brother Priyankan looks on, November 2007. 92
  • 94. Irish Red Cross Society Tsunami Relief & Recovery Programme 2005 - 2011 Sri Lanka Health & Care No of beneficiaries Hospitals and clinics (construction and medical equipment) 339,820 Access to an improved water source: • Household wells 9,447 • Household water storage facilities 1,724 • Household and community connections to mains water supply 7,743 • Community water supply system 6,000 • Hospital-based water storage and treatment system 312,826 Improved waste management facilities or improved latrines 3,074 Total beneficiaries 620,634 Shelter & Community Construction No of beneficiaries Permanent houses 5,012 Schools (construction and rehabilitation) 9,548 Community facilities 608 Total beneficiaries 14,543 Livelihoods No of beneficiaries Households reached by asset replacement or enhancement 2,387 Households that have received livelihood support grants 8,046 Individual who have received livelihoods training 311 Total beneficiaries 10,744 Disaster Management No of beneficiaries Support for ICRC emergency humanitarian activities 20,000 Disaster management and emergency relief supplies 24,700 Total beneficiaries 44,70093
  • 95. Thanks to Donors Cater World Collins Barracks Dalkey News Donore Credit Union Ltd EI Staff Family & Friends Fitzgibbon Printing Ltd Cathal N Young, Collins McNicholas Ltd Daly Bros Ltd Dooleys Newsagency Eirchem Ltd Fleishman-Hillard O’Reilly & Co Collins Newsagents Ltd Daly’s Supermarket Dooleys Shop & Post Eircom Saunders Ltd Cawley’s Furniture Collsoft Ltd Dame Tavern Office EJ King Bar Ltd Flemings Convenience Celtic Bookmakers Cologne Reinsurance Dan Healy Butcher’s Shop Door to Door ElectricAid Store Celtic Linen Ltd Company Ltd Danone Ltd Distributors Electro Automation Ltd Flextronics Foundation Celtic Note Comhar Linn INTO Dansko Foods Ltd Doramics Ltd Electroweld Flynn & AssociatesThe Irish Red Cross would like to once again thank the thousands of individuals, staff, Celtic Sales Ltd Credit Union DAP FX Banking Dorey’s Forge Ellia Tiles FM Systems Ltdvolunteers and Red Cross Branches across Ireland who so generously supported our Centra Central Cafe Comhdháil Náisiúnta na Gaeilge Data Exchange Europe Ltd Dornan Engineering Ltd Douglas Court Flowers Elliot Opticians Elsevier Ireland FMI Focus Security ServicesTsunami work by organising events, fundraisers and donating their time and expertise. Central Fisheries Board Comit Gruppe Ireland Datapac Ltd Douglas Credit Union Ltd Elsevier Ireland Dublin Ltd Central Statistics Office Commercial Division Datum Surveys Ltd Douglas Newman Good Emerald Clothing Ltd Foggy Dew PubUnfortunately, these donors are too numerous to list individually, but their support was and Centre of English Studies Permanent TSB David Burke & Co Douglas Village Emerald Freight Express Foodfare Centre Pharmacy Office Accountant Shopping Centre EMI Music Irelandremains vital to the work of the Irish Red Cross in assisting the most vulnerable members of Centre Point Rent a Car Ltd Commissioner of Goldsmiths David Heather Footwear Downeys Pub Empathy Marketing Ltd Forbo Ireland Ltd Forest Laboratoriessociety, nationally and internationally. In addition to the countless individuals who provided Centre Reinsurance Complete Business David Lloyd Riverview Ltd Doyles Garage Employment Health Ireland Ltd International Co Solutions Davies Ltd Courtown Ltd Advisors Ltd Forest Tosara Ltdsupport for the victims of the Tsunami in Indonesia, The Maldives and Sri Lanka, the Irish Centre Resource Computer Associates DBFL Consulting Doyle’s Importers & Enable Ireland Forget Me Not Florist International Co UK Ltd DCC Plc Distributors Enfield Hardware Ltd Forward Direct LtdRed Cross would like to recognise again the overwhelming generosity from businesses and Centurian Card Services Ltd Computer Media DCM Software Systems Draiocht Ltd Ennis Information Age Fournier Laboratoriesgroups around the country immediately following the Tsunami. Chadwicks Products Ltd DDC Ireland Ltd Drogheda Credit Union Town Services Ltd Fox Inn Chamber of Commerce ComReg De Barra’s Bar Drogheda Lodge Ltd Ennis Town Council Frank Glennon Ltd Champion Sports Conboye Engineering De La Rue Smurfit Dromara Trading Ltd Enniscorthy Credit Union Frank Towey Ltd (Ireland) Ltd Management Ltd De Roiste Ltd Dromoland Castle Enovation Solutions Ltd Frank Wall Mans Shop3rd Dimension Ltd Alida Systems Ascon Ltd Bayer Diagnostics Brandt Translations Ltd Cahill Printers Chantily Catering Conduit Enterprises Ltd Debt Recovery Dropping Well Pub Enrights Bar Frankfield Properities Ltd Allianz Corporate Irl Plc Ascot Freight Ltd (Swords Staff) Brandwell Callatre Residents Chapterhouse Consulting Conex Developments Ltd Declan O’Sullivan Drug Treatment Centre Enterprise Freight Franklins PortlaoiseA Allied Foods Ashfield House BCM Developments Bray & District Chamber Callington Ltd Charities Aid Foundation Conference Plus Pharmacy Ltd Drury Communications Ltd Services Franks Carpets LtdA&L Goodbody Allied Irish Bank Ashstream Ltd BCM Hanby Wallace of Commerce Calmon Clare Ltd Charles River Biolabs Connaghlans Pub Decstaunton Design Ltd DSG Retail Ireland Ltd Enterprise Imaging FrawleysSolicitors Allison Garden Land Ltd Ashwood House BDO Simpson Xavier Bray Credit Union Cambrex Cork Ltd Europe Ltd Conns Cameras Definitive IT Ltd Dualla Ploughing Systems Ltd Fredna LtdA Better Choice Ltd American Chamber of Assured Property Bear Automation Ltd Brazen Head Cambridge Diagnostics CHC Helicopters Conor Curtin Ltd Dell Products B.V. 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  • 96. Glenline Construction Ltd Heiton Buckley Ltd Intel Ireland Ltd J S Lister Ltd Keoghs Little Brothers (Friends of Masterville Ltd Millward Brown IMS Naturally O’Flaherty Holdings People’s Cafe Quick Fit Frames &Glennons Pub Helaba Dublin Intelligo Software Ltd J. Moore Family Butcher Kepak Group the Elderly) Ltd Mater Private Hospital Millward Brown Natures Best Ltd O’Flynn Construction Pepsi Cola International Doors LtdGlenville Football Club Landesbank Hessen Interface & Friends J.D.R. Recruitment Ltd Kerby McGrath Ltd LK Shields Matheson Ormsby Ireland Ltd Naval Association O’Flynn Exham & Percival’s Campus QuinnGlobal Fruit Company Ltd Hemp Cottage Ltd Interlock Hardware Ltd J.S. 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