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Relational Aggression In Our Schools


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What is relational aggression?

What is relational aggression?

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  • 1. Relational Aggression in our Schools Katie Roche Current Issues in Education Fall 2008
  • 2. Relational Aggression Outline
    • What is Relational Aggresssion (RA)?
    • What are the three roles of bullying?
    • The roles of Adolescents involved in RA.
    • Who are the Aggressors of Relational Aggression?
    • What are the Behaviors of RA in Adolescents?
    • What are the Behaviors of RA in Youngsters?
    • Why does the Aggressor act out?
    • What are the Signs?
    • What are the Long Term Effects of RA to the Victim?
    • Tips for Parents for RA and Bullying
    • Tips for Parents with Girls involved in RA
    • Tips for Teachers and Schools
    • The Ophelia Project
    • What has “The Ophelia Project” done for schools?
    • How has Highmark Healthy High 5 helped schools with bullying?
    • Facts of RA & Bullying
    • Highmark Posters
    • Real Life Stories
    • Summary
  • 3. What is Relational Aggresssion (RA)?
    • Type of Bullying – Negative action carried out by physical contact, rumors, or exclusion
    • Behavior intended on damaging one’s relationships.
    • Manipulation used to hurt or control
    • another’s relationships.
    • The threatening to hurt one’s relationships.
    • Harm to one’s self esteem, friendships, or social status
  • 4. What are the three roles of bullying?
    • Aggressor – The individual doing the damage
    • Target – The victim of the damage
    • Bystander – The children caught somewhere in the middle
  • 5. The roles of Adolescents involved in RA .
    • The Queen – Everyone in the group does what she wants ~ social leader ~ loses her sense of self.
    • The Sidekick – Looks up to the queen as being in charge ~ rarely has her own opinion.
    • The Gossip – Friends with everyone ~ gains trust from others to get the information ~ Secretive.
    • The Floater – Moves around groups ~ avoids conflicts ~ Does not compete
    • The Bystander – Want to be a peacemaker ~ knows the queens behavior is wrong ~ accomodates
    • The Wannabe – Will do anything to be in the circle ~ doesn’t know the difference between her wants and the group’s wants.
    • The Target – The victim ~ feels excluded ~ Rejects people because of the affects of being the target
  • 6. Who are the Aggressors of Relational Aggression?
    • Girls
    • RA is most commonly found and studied in Adolescent girls, although it can be found in boys.
    • Girls as young as three and four years old also participate in RA.
  • 7. What are the Behaviors of RA in Adolescents?
    • Exclusion
    • Gossip
    • Rumor Spreading
    • Teasing
    • Name Calling
    • Physical Abuse
    • Cyberbullying
    • Taunts & Insults
    • Intimidation
    • Manipulation
  • 8. What are the Behaviors of RA in Youngsters?
    • Retaliation
    • Exclusion
    • Name Calling
    • Stopping Friendships
    • Making Fun
    • Manipulation
    • Peer Pressure
  • 9. Why does the Aggressor act out?
    • Fear
    • Power
    • Control
    • Popularity
    • Security
    • The way they were raised ~ Children raised by authoritarian parents.
  • 10. What are the Signs?
    • The target acts afraid of the environment where the act is happening (such as school, bus, or activities).
    • The target may act sad or depressed.
    • The target will show signs of a low self-esteem.
    • The target may be very anxious.
  • 11. What are the Long Term Effects of RA to the Victim?
    • A Hostile Learning Environment
    • Chronic Absences
    • Depression
    • Suicide
    • Increased Anxiety
    • More Anger
    • Eating Disorders
    • Being Lonely
    • Lack of Self-Esteem
  • 12. Tips for Parents for RA and Bullying
    • Keep a written record of all incidents of bullying or RA.
    • When concerned ask a teacher, set up meetings, and follow up to see what has been done!
    • In order to better handle stress, meet with the guidance counselor.
    • Keep notes on what has happened with the school being involved.
  • 13. Tips for Parents with Girls involved in RA
    • Help get girls involved in activities outside of school.
    • Encourage them to be in relationships with all types of people for the right reasons.
    • Always listen to what they have to say!
    • Teach & Model behaviors that you want to be repeated.
  • 14. Tips for Parents with girls involved in RA (continued)
    • Always talk about both sides of the issue to know for sure if your child is the aggressor or victim.
    • Encourage your daughter to not be involved.
    • Be aware of everything that your child is doing on the computer.
    • Seek Counseling when necessary.
  • 15. Tips for Teachers and Schools
    • Create an environment with clear limits on what is acceptable and unacceptable and follow through with it.
    • Always investigate any report of bullying.
    • Meet with the victim and the aggressor separately (there are 2 sides to every story)
    • Be careful not to blame the victim or let the victim feel like they are being blamed.
    • Create an anti-bullying program.
  • 16. The Ophelia Project
    • Founded & Headquartered in Erie, PA in 1997
    • Goal was to listen to girls and found at the root of the problem was that many girls are suffering from RA
    • Provide educational resources, programs, and advocate for healthy relationships
    • Achieve long term changes to provide safe climates
    • Mission has evolved to include boys too
    • Serves youth and adult population
  • 17. What has “The Ophelia Project” done for schools?
    • 1.) Developed “Creating a Safe School” (CASS) for schools to celebrate students.
    • 2.) Developed an elementary school curriculum.
    • 3.) Developed “How Girls Hurt Each Other” as an awareness program.
    • 4.) Encouragement for schools to adopt a zero tolerance policy for RA.
  • 18. 1.) Creating a Safe School (CASS)
    • Involves the entire school to make long term changes in the behaviors of the students.
    • Give students the ability to make positive choices.
    • Provides Consulting with experts.
    • Workshops for CASS
    • Mentor Training
  • 19. 2.) An Elementary School Curriculum
    • Early Intervention
    • Examines the effects of media on children
    • Provides Mentoring
    • Gives Conferences on; mentoring, eating disorders, community building, and RA.
  • 20. 3.) How Girls Hurt Each Other
    • Began in 1998
    • Two day awareness program given to middle school girls.
    • Goal is to make girls aware of what is going on, their role, and how to stop it.
    • Role plays
    • Express to girls how the girl caught in the middle can make a positive change.
  • 21. 4.) Zero Tolerance Policy for RA.
    • “ Name the Beast” – admitting there is a problem and tackling it head on.
    • Workshops & Training
    • Anti-Bullying Plan & Curriculum
    • Early Intervention
    • Everyone bans together – parents, teachers, counselors, administration, and students.
  • 22. How has Highmark Healthy High 5 helped schools with bullying?
    • Developed $10,000 grants for anti-bullying programs in schools.
    • The goal is to improve the overall health of children from 6 to 18 yrs old.
    • 5 focuses are; nutrition, physical activity, self-esteem, grieving, and bullying prevention.
    • With the sources from Highmark students will be encouraged to adopt healthy habits.
    • Corry Elementary School received a grant and will write and produce a show about bullying.
  • 23. Facts of RA & Bullying
    • The National Education Association says “160,000 children miss school each day out of fear.”
    • A child is bullied every 7 minutes.
    • 77% of students are bullied through; mental, physical, or verbal aggression.
    • 8% of students do not go to class one day a month out of fear.
    • Bullying can be reduced by 50% where school wide programs are adopted.
    • Over 13 million children in the U.S. from 6 to 17 have been a victim of cyberbullying.
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29. Real Life Stories
    • Kindergarten Girls
    • Kindergarten Boys
    • My Sister in Middle School
    • Three Way Calling
    • Hate Pages
  • 30. Summary
    • RA does exist inside and outside of our schools
    • The best practices are Early Intervention & a Zero Tolerance Policy
    • Watch for the signs of RA
    • Tackle a problem head on by “Naming the Beast”
    • When a problem is found – Come up with a plan that involves everyone and notify them