The Audiolingual Method is a method for
foreign language teaching which emphasized
the teaching of listening and speaking before
reading and writing.
The Audio-Lingual method of teaching English as a
second language had its origins during World War II when it
became known as the Army method.
The Audio-Lingual method is based on the theory
that language learning is a question of habit formation. It
has its origins in Skinner’s principles of behavior theory.
Since learning is thought to be a question of habit
formation, errors are considered to be bad and to be
avoided. Further, teachers “reward” students by saying
“Good!” and praising the class when they perform well.
An oral-based approach.
Memorize the dialogue (conversation).
Instructions are in target language.
Using tape/CD/DVD player and language
Repetition drill. This drill is the simplest drill
used in learning language patterns. It is used at
the very beginning of language class. Language
learners merely repeat what the teacher says or
the tape recorder produces.
Substitution Drill. Language learners are required
to replace one word with another. The may
replaced a word on the model sentence with a
pronoun, number, or gender and make some the
Transformation Drill. Language learners are
required to change sentence from negative to
positive, from positive to interrogative, or from
simple present tense to simple past tense,
depending on the instruction from the teacher.
T : I’m going to the post office
S1 : I’m going to the post office
T : I’m going to the market
S2 : I’m going to the market
T : I’m going to the bank
S3 : I’m going to the bank
T : I’m going to the office
T : market
S1 : I’m going to the market
T : bank
S2 : I’m going to the bank
T : restaurant
S3 : I’m going to the restaurant
T : The book is new
S1 : Is the book new?
T : We are in the class.
S2 : are we in the class?
Separation of language skill into listening, speaking,
reading, and writing, with emphasis on the teaching
of listening and speaking before reading and writing,
Use of dialogues as the chief means of presenting of
Emphasis of certain practices techniques, mimicry,
memorization, and pattern drill,
Discouraging the use of mother tongue in the
Some of the objectives of the audio-
lingual method are accurate pronunciation,
linguistic accuracy, quick and accurate
response in speaking, and a sufficiently large
vocabulary to use with grammar patterns to
express oneself in practical, everyday
situations. These objectives are achieved
through memorization of dialogues and
recombination of structures introduced
through dialogues in drills. The development
of a large vocabulary is of secondary
an emphasis on using language or vocabulary to create
recognition of errors as a useful part of language learning,
student interaction with each other and with native
speakers of the target language while using the target
attention to grammatical explanations in instruction,
attention to the emotional aspects of learning,
acknowledgment of one's native language as a foundation
on which to base learning a second language, and
acknowledgment of what some call “large C” cultural
artifacts, such as masterpieces of the culture's literature,
performing arts, and visual arts.
All the students are actives in the class
The circumstance class are more interesting
The speaking and listening skill are more
drilled, so the pronunciation skill and
listening skill are more controlled
For the smart students this method is bored,
because the procedure of the ALM method is
majority repeat the sentence.
Sometimes the students are confused
because the teacher explain the material in
simple way not in detail way.
The grammar skill is not more drilled