Nami punya method


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Nami punya method

  1. 1. The Audiolingual Method is a method for foreign language teaching which emphasized the teaching of listening and speaking before reading and writing.
  2. 2. The Audio-Lingual method of teaching English as a second language had its origins during World War II when it became known as the Army method.    
  3. 3. The Audio-Lingual method is based on the theory that language learning is a question of habit formation.  It has its origins in Skinner’s principles of behavior theory.  Since learning is thought to be a question of habit formation,  errors are considered to be bad and to be avoided.  Further, teachers “reward” students by saying “Good!” and praising the class when they perform well.
  4. 4.  An oral-based approach.  Attentively listening.  Memorize the dialogue (conversation).  Instructions are in target language.  Using tape/CD/DVD player and language labs.
  5. 5.  Repetition drill. This drill is the simplest drill used in learning language patterns. It is used at the very beginning of language class. Language learners merely repeat what the teacher says or the tape recorder produces.  Substitution Drill. Language learners are required to replace one word with another. The may replaced a word on the model sentence with a pronoun, number, or gender and make some the necessary change.  Transformation Drill. Language learners are required to change sentence from negative to positive, from positive to interrogative, or from simple present tense to simple past tense, depending on the instruction from the teacher.
  6. 6. T : I’m going to the post office S1 : I’m going to the post office T : I’m going to the market S2 : I’m going to the market T : I’m going to the bank S3 : I’m going to the bank
  7. 7. T : I’m going to the office T : market S1 : I’m going to the market T : bank S2 : I’m going to the bank T : restaurant S3 : I’m going to the restaurant
  8. 8. T : The book is new S1 : Is the book new? T : We are in the class. S2 : are we in the class?
  9. 9.  Dialogue  Pattern drills  Application activities
  10. 10.  Separation of language skill into listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on the teaching of listening and speaking before reading and writing,  Use of dialogues as the chief means of presenting of language,  Emphasis of certain practices techniques, mimicry, memorization, and pattern drill,  Discouraging the use of mother tongue in the classroom.
  11. 11. Some of the objectives of the audio- lingual method are accurate pronunciation, linguistic accuracy, quick and accurate response in speaking, and a sufficiently large vocabulary to use with grammar patterns to express oneself in practical, everyday situations. These objectives are achieved through memorization of dialogues and recombination of structures introduced through dialogues in drills. The development of a large vocabulary is of secondary consideration.
  12. 12.  an emphasis on using language or vocabulary to create meaning,  recognition of errors as a useful part of language learning,  student interaction with each other and with native speakers of the target language while using the target language,  attention to grammatical explanations in instruction,  attention to the emotional aspects of learning,  acknowledgment of one's native language as a foundation on which to base learning a second language, and  acknowledgment of what some call “large C” cultural artifacts, such as masterpieces of the culture's literature, performing arts, and visual arts.
  13. 13.  All the students are actives in the class  The circumstance class are more interesting and life  The speaking and listening skill are more drilled, so the pronunciation skill and listening skill are more controlled
  14. 14.  For the smart students this method is bored, because the procedure of the ALM method is majority repeat the sentence.  Sometimes the students are confused because the teacher explain the material in simple way not in detail way.  The grammar skill is not more drilled