William Shakespeare was born in small town Stratford-on-Avon (a county Warwickshire) in 1564, under the legend, on April, 23rd. His father, John Shakespeare, was the well-founded handicraftsman and the usurer, was often selected on various public posts, has been once selected by the mayor. He did not visit church divine services, for what paid the big fines (probably that it was the secret Catholic).
<ul><li>His mother, nee Arden, belonged to one of the oldest English surnames. It is considered that Shakespeare studied in Stratford in "grammatical school» (English «grammar school») where has got serious education: Stratford the teacher of Latin language and literature wrote verses in Latin. Some scientists assert that Shakespeare attended school of king Edward VI in Stratford-on-Avon where studied creativity of such poets as Ovidy and Plavt, however school magazines have not remained, and now anything it is impossible to tell for certain. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1582 he married Anna Hatauej, the daughter of the local landowner who were for 8 its years is more senior; in 1583 at them daughter Sjuzanna, in 1585 — twins was born: son Hemnet who has died in the childhood (1596), and daughter Dzhudit. About 1587 Shakespeare has left Stratford and has moved to London. </li></ul>
<ul><li>About 1595 Shakespeare creates one of the most popular tragedies — «Romeo and Juliette», — history of development of the human person in struggle against external circumstances for the right to free love. The plot known on the Italian short stories (to Mazuchcho, Bandello), has been taken by Arthur Brook as a principle the poem with the same name (1562). Possibly, Brook's product also was a source for Shakespeare. It has strengthened lyricism and dramatic nature of action, has rethought and has enriched characters of characters, has created the poetic monologues opening internal experiences of protagonists, thus having changed ordinary product in the Renaissance poem about love. It is tragedy of special type, lyrical, optimistical, despite destruction of protagonists in the ending. Their names became a nominal designation of the higher poetry of passion. </li></ul>
<ul><li>About 1600 Shakespeare creates "Hamlet", in opinion of many critics, — the deepest product. Shakespeare has kept a plot of known tragedy of revenge, but all attention has transferred on spiritual dissonance, an internal drama of the protagonist. The hero of new type has been entered into a traditional drama of revenge. Shakespeare has outstripped time — Hamlet not the habitual tragical hero who is carrying out a revenge for the sake of Divine validity. Coming to conclusion, that with one blow it is impossible to restore harmony, it experiences tragedy of alienation from the world and dooms itself to loneliness. By definition L.E.Pinskogo, Hamlet — the first the hero of the world literature. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The poem « Venus and the Adonis » has been printed in 1593 when Shakespeare was already known as the playwright, but the author names its literary first-born and consequently it is rather possible, that it or is conceived, or by a part even is written in Stretford. There is also an assumption, that Shakespeare, considered a poem (unlike plays for popular theatre) as a genre, noteworthy the notable patron and product of high art </li></ul>
<ul><li>In honour of Shakespeare the crater on Merkuriy is named. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare (in conformity with Stardford of a position) and Servantus both have died in 1616 </li></ul><ul><li>Last lineal descendant Shakespeare from Stratford was its grand daughter Elizabeth (a sort. In 1608), daughter Susan Shakespeare and doctors John Holla. Three sons Dzhudit Shakespeare have died young, not having left posterity. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1612 Shakespeare has left for the unknown reasons in resignation and has returned to native Stratford where lived its wife and daughters. Shakespeare's will from March, 15th of 1616 year has been signed by an illegible handwriting on the basis of what some researchers believe, that it at that time bossy was sick. On April, 23rd, 1616 Shakespeare has died. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare's autograph on its will : </li></ul>Good frend for Iesvs sake forbeare, To digg the dvst encloased heare. Blest be ye man yt spares thes stones, And cvrst be he yt moves my bones.
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