The Westminster palace - a building on coast of Thames (English Thames, an armour. Thamesis) in the London area Westminster
<ul><li>In the Westminster palace, one of The most well-known buildings of the </li></ul><ul><li>world, The parliament (from the French verb is placed "parler" - to speak) </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Britain: Chamber of lords and the House of Commons. In palace </li></ul><ul><li>1200 facilities, 100 stairs and more Kilometer of corridors. </li></ul>
Till 1529 the palace served a capital residence of English kings. After a fire on October, 16th, 1834 the palace is built anew on neogotic to the project. The first palace has been constructed for king Edward - the Confessor who has come to the throne in 1042.
Forty five years later for Wilhelm Rufusa, son Wilhelm - the Confessor, have constructed Westminster-hall – the most elegant hall in the Europe where in 1099 the feast has been arranged. In 13 century Henry 3-rd has attached the painted chamber, and during its board the first Parliament has been called.
In 1512 king Henry VIII has transferred a building to Parliament to time using, since then the Westminster palace is known as Chamber of Parliament.
From a medieval palace the hall of receptions and a tower of Jewelry (it is constructed for storage of treasury of Edward III) have escaped Westminster .
From palace towers it is well-known — the Tower of Victoria (English Vicoria Tower). The tower of Victoria is located at a southwest corner of the Westminster palace. The tower is highest of all towers of a palace, the height — 98,45 m (323 foots) By time of the erection was the highest square tower in the world.
The tower in honour of queen of Victoria who on December, 22nd, 1843 has laid the first stone though the design name was — the Royal tower (English The King's Tower) in the basis is named. Completely the tower has been built by 1860. It has been erected specially as archival storehouse for documents of Parliament.
From palace towers it is most well-known — an hour tower "Big Ben" the Official name - « the Hour tower of the Westminster palace », also it name « the Tower Sacred Stefan».
Actually Big Ben— a building and hours together with a bell. The name of a tower has arisen from the name 13 ton bells, inside of it. The tower has been erected in 1858, tower hours have been started on May, 21st, 1859.
In the basis of each of four dials the latin inscription settles down.In the basis of each of four dials the latin inscription settles down «Domine salvam fac Reginam nostram Victoriam Primam» (In translation with latin « My God, store our queen Victoria »)
Height of a tower of 61 meter (not including a spike); hours settle down at height of 55 m from the ground. At diameter of a dial in 7 meters and length of arrows in 2,7 and 4,2 meters, hours long time were considered as the greatest in the world. «В ig-Ben » became one of the most recognized symbols of the Great Britain.
In 1987 the Westminster palace and sacred Margarita's Nearby church have been awarded abuse to be included in the List of a worldwide heritage.
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