Structures of The Brain
By: Iridian Gutierrez (igutierrez017)
The Corpus callosum is a
thick band of axon fibers
that connect the two
cerebral hemispheres. It
connects both left and
right side of the brain
together which allows
Frontal lobe, Parietal lobe,
Temporal lobe, & Occipital lobe
fd Frontal Lobe: The largest lobe out of all the
lobe, it’s primarily responsible for the
movement, planning and judgement.
Parietal Lobe: a part of the brain positioned
above the occipital lobe and behind the frontal
lobe.integrates sensory information from
different modalities, particularly determining
spatial sense and navigation.
Temporal Lobe: are involved in the retention of
visual memories, processing sensory input,
comprehending language, storing new
memories, emotion, and deriving meaning.
Occipital Lobe:the visual processing center of the
mammalian brain containing most of the anatomical region of the
Motor strip & Sensory Strip
: Motor Strip: A brain region that in humans is
located in the posterior portion of the frontal lobe. It
works in association with other motor areas
including premotor cortex, the supplementary motor
area, posterior parietal cortex, and several
subcortical brain regions, to plan and execute
Sensory Strip: is apart of the brain located in the
parietal lobe, near the border of the frontal lobe.
The sensory strip is involved in registering
sensation that are connected specific body parts or
Cerebellum: a region of the brain that
plays an important role in motor
control. It may also be involved in
some cognitive functions such as
attention and language, and in
regulating fear and pleasure
Thalamus, Hypothalamus &
Thalamus: a midline symmetrical structure
of two halves, within the brains of
vertebrates, situated between the cortex
and the midbrain.
Hypothalamus: a portion of the brain that
contains a number of small nuclei with a
variety of functions.
Pituitary Gland: small endocrine organ that
controls a multitude of important functions in
the body. It is divided into an anterior lobe,
intermediate lobe and posterior lobe, all of
which are involved in hormone production.
Reticular activating system
Reticular Activating System (RAS): or
extrathalamic control modulatory system, is
a set of connected nuclei in the brains of
vertebrates that is responsible for regulating
arousal and sleep-wake transitions.
Medulla: Part of the brainstem
contains the cardiac, respiratory,
vomiting and vasomotor centers and
deals with autonomic, functions, such
as breathing, heart rate and blood
Broca’s Area & Wernicke’s
Broca's area: A region in the frontal lobe of the left
hemisphere of the hominid brain with functions
linked to speech production.
Wernicke’s Area : one of the two parts of the
cerebral cortex linked to speech. It is involved in the
understanding of written and spoken language.
Cerebral cortex, Amygdala &
cerebral cortex: is the outermost sheet of
neural tissue of the cerebrum of the brain
in humans and some other vertebrates. It
covers the cerebrum and cerebellum, and
is divided into left and right hemispheres
Amygdala: an almond shaped mass of
nuclei located deep within the temporal
lobe of the brain.
Hippocampus: the part of the brain that is
involved in memory forming, organizing,
and storing. It is a limbic system structure
that is important in forming new memories
and connecting emotions and senses, such
as smell and sound, to memories.