Intercultural communication shpresa


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Intercultural communication shpresa

  1. 1. Intercultural Communication<br />
  2. 2. Intercultural communication is a form of global communication.<br />It is used to describe the wide range of communication problems that naturally appear within an organization made up of individuals from different religious, social, ethnic, and educational backgrounds<br />
  3. 3. Intercultural communication =cross-cultural communication<br />It seeks to understand how people from different countries and cultures act, communicate and perceive the world around them. <br />
  4. 4. Cross-cultural communication <br />As a separate notion, it studies situations where people from different cultural backgrounds interact.<br />
  5. 5. Theories<br />Culture overlap theory <br />By Leila Summa<br />
  6. 6. <ul><li>focus on effective outcomes
  7. 7. on accommodation or adaption
  8. 8. on identity negotiation and management
  9. 9. on communication networks
  10. 10. on acculturation and adjustment.</li></ul>Theories focusing on effective outcomes<br />
  11. 11. <ul><li>In a relatively closed social system in which communication among members is unrestricted, the system as a whole will tend to converge over time toward a state of greater cultural uniformity. The system will tend to diverge toward diversity when communication is restricted</li></ul>Theories focusing on effective outcomes<br />Cultural Convergence<br />
  12. 12. Theories focusing on accommodation or adaption<br />Communication Accommodation Theory<br />This theory focuses on linguistic strategies to decrease or increase communicative distances.<br />Intercultural Adaption <br /><ul><li>This theory is designed to explain how communicators adapt to each other in "purpose-related encounters", at which cultural factors need to be incorporate
  13. 13. Co-cultural Theory
  14. 14. Co-cultural theory looks at the strategic ways in which co-cultural group members communicate with others.</li></li></ul><li>Theories focusing on identity negotiation or management<br />Identity Management Theory<br />Identity Negotiation<br />Cultural Identity Theory<br />Double-swing model<br />
  15. 15. Theories focusing on communication networks<br /><ul><li>Networks and Outgroup Communication Competence
  16. 16. Intracultural Versus Intercultural Networks
  17. 17. Networks and Acculturation</li></li></ul><li>Other Theories<br />Meaning of Meaning Theory<br />Face negotiation theory<br />Standpoint Theory <br />Stranger Theory <br />Feminist Genre Theory <br />Genderless Theory<br />Cultural Critical Studies Theory<br />Marxist Theory<br />
  18. 18. knowledge (= information necessary to interact appropriately and effectively)<br />motivation (e.g. positive affect toward the other culture, empathy)<br />skills (= behavior necessary to interact appropriately and effectively)<br />Symbols<br /> beliefs <br />Attitudes<br />Values<br />expectations <br /> norms of behavior<br />Intercultural Communication Competence and principles<br />
  19. 19. Improving Intercultural Communication<br />Avoid using slang and idioms, choosing words that will convey only the most specific denotative meaning;<br />Listen carefully and, if in doubt, ask for confirmation of understanding (particularly important if local accents and pronunciation are a problem);<br />Recognize that accenting and intonation can cause meaning to vary significantly; and<br />Respect the local communication formalities and styles, and watch for any changes in body language.<br />Investigate their culture's perception of your culture by reading literature about your culture through their eyes before entering into communication with them. <br />
  20. 20. This will allow you to prepare yourself for projected views of your culture you will be bearing as a visitor in their culture.<br />
  21. 21. Thank you<br />