In the name of Allah most Gracious most Merciful.
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was the last of
the Prophets sent for our guidance. The
Devine Revelations are the final instructions
from the Creator to His creations. The aim
of the Prophet's mission has been stated in
the Quran : "It is Allah Who has sent His
Prophet with guidance and the way of truth
so that he may make it dominate over all
other ways of life howsoever unpleasant it
may be to those who assign partners to
Allah." (LXI: 9)
The Birth of Muhammad
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was born in the Spring
season, the 1st year of Am-ul-Feel. It was the
22nd April 570 AD, the 12 Rabi-ul-awwal.
His Father was Abdullah who died a few months
before his birth.
His mother was Sayyada Aminah Bint-e-Wahab
who died when he was 6 years old.
She gave him the name Ahmed. She had a dream
in which an angel appeared and suggested the name
"Ahmed". His grand father Abdul Mutalib named
In the Care of Abu Talib
2-3 days after his birth he was suckled by
Thaubia, a slave girl of Abu Lahab. He was sent to
the desert for permanenet nursing in the care of
His grand father Abdul Mutalib took care of him
after his mother died. He died when the Prophet
was 8 years 2 months 10 days old.
He was in the care of his uncle Abu Talib after
the death of his grandfather. Abu Talib did not
accept Islam but he gave the Prophet his full
support and helped him.
Age 12 to 25
His first journey to Syria with his uncle Abu Talib
was when he was 12 years 2 months old.
He participated in the battle of Fajjar for the
first time when he was about 15 years old.
He participated in Hilful Fazul, a reformist
movement, at the age of 16.
His second journey to Syria as a trader was at
the age of 25.
He married Khadija after this journey. He was 25
and she was 40 years old widow.
Marriage and Prophethood
He attained Prophethood at the age of 40. It was
the 9 Rabi-ul-Awwal February 610 AD.
Fajr and Asr prayers were prescribed, two Rakats
The beginning of the revelation of the Quran was
on 18th Ramazan, 1st year of Prophethood. It was
Friday night at cave Hira. The first 5 verses of
Sura Al Alaq were revealed.
He began secret preaching. The first to accept
Islam was his wife Khatija.
The house of Arqam Makhzoomi
The house of Arqam Makhzoomi was made centre
of movement. About 40 people accepted Islam
during this period.
At the end of third year of Prophethood he made
is first public announcement of Prophethood.
In the 3rd to 5th year of Prophethood he faced
opposition, redicule, propaganda and mild
The second wave of intense opposition and
oppression was in the 5th to 7th year of
Year of Prophethood
Hazrat Hamza and Hazrat Umar embrace Islam in
the 6th year.
The Prophet's internment with the family of
Hashim at Shi'b Abi Talib was on 1st Muharram,
7th year of Prophethood.
The 9th year of Prophethood was the end of
internment and boycott.
The 10th year of Prophethood Hazrat Abu Talib
and Hazrat Khatija died. It was the year of
The Ascension (Meraj)
The Prophet visited Taif in Jumada II.
The Ascension (Meraj) took place on 27th Rajab,
10th year of Prophethood. The daily prayers five
times a day were prescribed.
The beginning of Islam in Madina was in Zilhijja,
the 10th year of Prophethood.
The Deputation in Madina was in Zilhijja, the 12th
year of Prophethood. Six people accept Islam.
Then the first pledge of Aqaba with 12 persons
The Foundation of Masjid e Nabavi
The second pledge of Aqaba with 75 persons was
in Zilhajja, the 13th year of Prophethood.
The Migration from Macca to the cave Thaur
began on Safar 27th, 13th year of Prophethood.
The Prophet was 53 years old. He departed from
Thaur on 1st Rabi al Awwal, 622 A.D. and arrived
at Quba on 8th Rabi al Awwal, the 14th year of
Prophethood. He entered Madina on Friday.
The foundation of Masjid e Nabavi was laid in Rabi
al Awwal, I Hijrah.
Hazrat Bilal gave the 1st Adhan
Hazrat Bilal gave the 1st Adhan (the call for
prayer) at Masjid e Nabavi.
The Prophet organised brotherhood between the
Migrants and Ansar in the first quarter of I
In the Middle quarter of I Hirah the Islamic
State and constitutional agreement of Madina was
The Defence system was introduced and the petrol
parties started in the middle of 1st Hijrah.
Zakah was Prescribed
In Shawwal, I Hijrah, the Prophet consummated
his marriage with Hazrat Ayesha. He had married
her in Mecca.
Jihad was ordered on 12 Safar 2 Hijrah, 1 year 2
months and 10 days after migration.
First Military action Ghazwa Waddan was taken in
Safar 2 Hijrah.
Zakah was prescribed in 2 Hijrah.
Ramazan was Prescribed
The change of Qibla took place on 15th Shaban, 2
Ramazan was prescribed on 1st Ramazan, 2nd
The congregational prayer of Eid ul Fitr took place
and Fitra was ordered on 1st Shawwal, 2 Hijrah.
The battle of Badr started on 8th Ramazan, 2nd
The victorious entry into Madina was on 20th
Ramazan, 2nd Hijrah.
The marriage of Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Fatima
took place after the battle of Badr, 2 Hijrah.
The Siege Banu Qainuqa was in middle of Shawwal
to the beginning of Ziq'ada, 2 Hijrah.
The Prophet's marriage with Hazrat Hafsa,
daughter of Umar took place in 3 Hijrah.
The same year the marriage of Hazrat Usman with
Hazrat Umme Kulsum, daughter of the Prophet
Wine was prohibited in 3 Hijrah.
Hazrat Hassan was born on 15th Ramazan 3
The battle of Uhud started on 5 Shawwal, 3
Hijrah after the Friday prayer.
Usury was prohibited soon after the battle of
Injunctions about Orphans and detailed laws of
inheritance were issued soon after the battle of
The prophet's marriage with Zainab, daughter of
Khozaima took place at the end of 3 Hijrah.
Hijab was ordered on 1 Ziq'ada, 4 Hijrah.
The second Ghazwa of Badr was in Ziq'ada,4
Ghazwa Damatul Jandal was in Rabi al Awwal, 5
Ghazwa Banu al Mustalaq was on 3 Shaban, 5
Injunctions for Tayammum were given on the way
to Ghazwa Banu Mustalaq.
The Prophet's marriage with Hazrat Juwairia took
Place in Shaban, 5 Hijrah.
The enforcement of Penal Laws against fornication,
slander etc was in 5 Hijrah.
The Ghazwa Ahzab was in 5 Hijrah.
The prophet's marriage with Hazrat Zainab,
daughter of Jash took place in 5 Hijrah.
The Treaty of Hudaibiya was in Ziq'ada, 6 Hijrah.
The beginning of international call-letters to rulers
was on 1st Muharram, 7 Hijrah.
6 & 7 Hijrah
The Ghazwa Khyber was in Muharram, 7 Hijrah.
The Prophet's marriage with Hazrat Safia took
place in Muharram, 7 Hijrah.
The Abyssinian Migrants return in 7 Hijrah.
Independent Muslim camps were established at
Saiful Bahr in 7 Hijrah, by young Muslim men who
were oppressed in Mecca but could not be allowed
to stay at Madina according to Hudaibiya Treaty.
The Quraish Carawan was raided by Saif ul Bhar
in Safar, 7 Hijrah.
The Prophet's marriage with Hazrat Maimuna took
place in 7 Hijrah.
The Ghazwa Mutah was in Jumada I, 8 Hijrah.
Violation of Hudaibiya pact was in Rajab, 8 Hijrah.
Hazrat Zainab, daughter of the Prophet and
Ibrahim, the Prophet's son dies in 8 Hijrah.
Zakat was organized in the beginning of Muharram,
The Ghazwa of Tabuk was in Rajab, 9 Hijrah.
Deputation of Azra to Madina was in Safar, 9
Deputation of Bahy to Madina was in Rabi I, 9
Deputation of Khaulan to Madina was in Shaban, 9
Deputation of Thaqif to Madina was in 9 Hijrah.
Hajj was prescribed and the first Hajj was under
Hazrat Abu Bakr on 9th Zilhijja, 9 Hijrah.
They left for Muzdalifa on 9th Zilhijja, after
The twenty days' retirement of the Prophet in the
last Ramazan was in 10 Hijrah.
The last Hajj of the Prophet started from Madina
on 26th Ziq'ada, 10 Hijrah.
Entry into the sacred Mosque was on 5th Zilhajja,
They left to Mina on 8th Zilhajja, 10 Hijrah.
They left to Arafah on 9 Zilhajja, and the
Prophet's address ( his Last Sermon ) was on
The throwing of pebbles was on 10th Zilhijja. The
Prophet addressed the Hujjaj in Mina and then the
sacrifice followed. In the evening they returned
from Mina to Macca.
The return from Macca was on the night between
13th and 14th Zilhajja, 10 Hijrah.
The start of Usama's Army was on 26th Safar,
11 Hijrah. It was last Military expedition ordered
by the Prophet.
Rabi al Awwal
The end of Safar was the beginning of the
Prophet's fatal disease in 11 Hijrah.
The period of seriousness of disease and the stay
in Hazrat Ayesha's room was 7 days upto the time
of passing away.
The last congregational prayer at the mosque and
the last address was 5 days before passing away.
The Prophet passed away on 12th Rabi al Awwal,
11 Hijrah and was buried in Hazrat Ayesha's room
on the night between 13th and 14th Rabi al
Awwal, 11 Hijrah.
Presentation by: Zaiba M
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Sahih Bukhari - Volume 1, Book 3, Number 73:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud: The Prophet said,
"Do not wish to be like anyone except in two
(The first is) A person, whom Allah has given
wealth and he spends it righteously;
(the second is) the one whom Allah has given
wisdom (the Holy Qur'an) and he acts according to
it and teaches it to others."
(Fateh-al-Bari page 177 Vol. 1)
Click ‘Esc’ to end slide show.
Presentation by: Zaiba M