Stratification and conflict


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Stratification and conflict

  1. 1. Roll No.26
  2. 2. Social Stratification And Conflict
  3. 3. Presented to: Sir Dr.Khalil Ahmad Presented By: Mukhtiar Ahmed (26) Attaullah (20) Irfan Ali (29) M.Naeem (14) Abdul Razzaq (49)
  4. 4. Karl Marx: Class Conflict  Divides society into two classes   Either they own productive property Or labour for others
  5. 5. Cont.……  Marx explained that Capitalist society reproduces the class structure in each new generation.  This happens as families gain wealth and passes it down from generation to generation.  But, he predicted, Oppression and misery would eventually drive the working majority to come together to overthrow capitalism in favour of socialist system that would end class differences
  6. 6. Criticism on Karl Marx’s Views  Denies a central idea of Davis-Moore thesis that a system of unequal rewards is necessary to place talented people in the right job and to motivate them to work hard  Marx separated reward from Performance.
  7. 7. Contd……..  Revolutionary change that the Marx predicted has failed to happen, at least in advanced capitalist societies.
  8. 8. Roll No.20
  9. 9. Why No Marxist Revolution?  While Marx predicted the inevitability of the proletarian revolution in capitalist societies, we find that this has not been the case. A number of factors can account for the absence of the revolution predicted by Marx.
  10. 10. These factors are:  The fragmentation of the capitalist class: - Property is not held by single families, but by a number of shareholders. These families have an interest in preserving the capitalist system.  A higher standard of living: - Structural mobility has contributed to the improvement of living standards through the creation of a large number of white-collar occupations.
  11. 11. Contd…..  More extensive worker organisation: - The demands of workers have been institutionalised through the creation of trade unions. Collective bargaining transforms workers' frustrations and channels them into demands that do not disrupt the system.  More extensive legal protection: - Better conditions of work through law enforcement and security systems contain workers' frustrations.
  12. 12. Weber's View of Stratification  Max Weber formed a three-component theory of stratification in which social difference is determined by class, status, and power.  Class is a person's economic position, based on birth and individual achievement.  Status is one's social prestige or honor, which may or may not be influenced by class.  Power is one's ability to get one's way despite the resistance of others.
  13. 13. Contd….. Example: According to Weberian theory, a member of the United States Congress is an example of someone who is high in the social hierarchy due to status and power, although they have relatively low economic status.
  14. 14. Roll No.29
  15. 15. Analysis Of Different Theories There are three approaches to Social Stratification. StructuralFunctional Approach Social-Conflict Approach Symbolic-Interaction Approach
  16. 16. What is the level of analysis? StructuralFunctional Approach SocialConflict Approach Macro-Level Macro-Level SymbolicInteraction Approach Micro-Level
  17. 17. What is social stratification? StructuralFunctional Approach A system of unequal rewards. Benefits the whole society. SocialConflict Approach  A division of society's resources.  Benefits some people and harm others SymbolicInteraction Approach A factor that guides people’s interaction in everyday life
  18. 18. What is the reason for our social position? StructuralFunctional Approach Social position reflects personal talents and abilities in a competitive economy. SocialConflict Approach SymbolicInteraction Approach Social position reflects the way society divides resources. The products we consume all say something about social position.
  19. 19. Are unequal rewards fair? StructuralFunctional Approach Yes, Unequal rewards are fair. They boost economic production. Linking greater rewards to more important work is widely accepted. SocialConflict Approach SymbolicInteraction Approach No, Unequal rewards only serve to divide society. There is widespread opposition to social inequality. Maybe, People may or may not define inequality as fair. People may view their social position as a measure of selfworth.
  20. 20. Conclusion  By concluding the words we can see that different people presented different theories about stratification and conflict.  Karl Marx and Max Weber say that social stratification is not functional for society and some others are not agree with them.  It means where there is social stratification, there is a conflict.
  21. 21. THANK YOU!