Introduction to 'Anthropometry'
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Introduction to 'Anthropometry'

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Introduction to 'Anthropometry' Introduction to 'Anthropometry' Presentation Transcript

  • Anthropometry what is it? 1
  • The word ʻAnthropometryʼ is derived from the Greek word ʻanthrosʼ meaning man, and ʻmetreʼ meaning to measure 2
  • It is the study of human body measurements especially on a comparative basis. It is the scientific discipline in which the size and proportions of the parts of the body are measured and compared 3
  • History: In the 13th century Marco Polo described the different body builds and sizes he encountered Primary application for anthropometrics are: Work space Equipment and tools Clothing 4
  • Applications for Anthropometry Used in Ergonomics to specify physical dimensions of: ✓Work space ✓Equipment and tools ✓Clothing ✓Car interior dimensions ✓Airplane cockpits ✓Helmets ✓Submarine dimensions ✓Furniture ✓Shoes HTTP://MREED.UMTRI.UMICH.EDU/MREED/IMAGES/AMVO_MIDSIZE_MALE_SHELL.PNG 5
  • Uses of Anthropometrical Data To fit the task to the person To avoid physical mismatches between dimensions of equipment and products and the corresponding user. To design for variability in people and not for the ‘average’. 6
  • Types of Anthropometrical Data Structural (static): Functional (dynamic): obtained measurements of the body when the body adopts various working postures, i.e. when the dimensions taken with the body segments move with respect body in standard and still to standard reference points in (static) positions (e.g. height space; (e.g. the area that can be of person, shoulder breadth, reached by the right hand of a length of forearm) standing person defines a “standing reaching envelope” of the right hand, which provides critical information for work-space design for right-handed standing workers) 7
  • The need for anthropometrical data... If a piece of equipment was designed to fit 90% of the male US population, it would fit roughly: ✓90% of Germans ✓80% of French ✓65% of Italians ✓45% of Japanese ✓25% of Thais ✓10% of Vietnamese HTTP://STAFF.AIST.GO.JP/YAMASHITA-JULI/PROJECTS/NIBH94DATA/C.GIF 8
  • Criteria for Design Determine the user Determine the percentile population value of the selected anthropometric dimension Determine the relevant body dimensions Make necessary design modifications to the data Determine the percentage from the anthropometric of the population to be tables accommodated Use mock-ups or simulators to test the design 9
  • Criteria for good design Select those anthropometric measures that directly relate to the defined design dimensions. Determine if design must fit only one given percentile of the body dimension or a range along that body dimension. Identify critical dimensions and ensure that they are fit. Build a prototype, a computer based model to ascertain that it is what was desired. Determine if one design will fit all, if not, several sizes or adjustments must be provided to fit all or as many as possible. HTTP://WWW.BEASTBLOG.COM/IMAGES/DFP_JOE.JPG 10
  • Samples of anthropometric data and its applications 11
  • Face measurements How would knowing such information be useful? HTTP://WWW.DRYAREMCHUK.COM/IMAGES/NEWFACE.JPG 12
  • Hand measurements How would knowing such information be useful? HTTP://WWW.DH.AIST.GO.JP/EN/RESEARCH/CENTERED/2004HANDDIM/HANDDIM02.JPG 13
  • HTTP://3.BP.BLOGSPOT.COM/_6F9HWR3_75C/SXFPGI15JNI/AAAAAAAAAFS/MXLC7JCJQKE/S400/CALCULATOR.JPG APPLYING ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA WHAT MEASUREMENTS WOULD BE USEFUL IF YOU WERE TASKED TO DESIGN A NEW CALCULATOR 14
  • HTTP://WWW.IPHONEONSALE.CO.UK/WP-CONTENT/UPLOADS/2009/11/IPHONE3.JPG HTTP://4.BP.BLOGSPOT.COM/_FSEHZVWMAGS/SKMEAUS3BVI/AAAAAAAABZ8/KGPADBPDUKE/S400/MY+PHONES!.BMP YOUR TASK FOR THE DAY... SUGGEST ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA THAT YOU WOULD NEED TO CONSIDER WHEN DESIGNING A HANDPHONE FOR THE ELDERLY 15