GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM• German Expressionism refers to a number of related creative movements beginning in Germany before the First World War that reached a peak in Berlin, during the 1920s. These developments in Germany were part of a larger Expressionist movement in north and central European culture in fields such as architecture, painting and cinema.• The first Symbolic German Expressionist films, The Student of Prague, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, The Golem: How He Came Into the World, Destiny, Nosferatu, Phantom and Schatten.• The German Expressionist movement was largely confined to Germany due to the isolation the country experienced during WWI. In 1916, the government had banned more foreign films in the nation. The demand from theaters to generate films led film production to rise from 25 films to 130 films. With inflation on the rise, Germans were attending films more freely because they knew that their moneys worth was constantly diminishing
GOTHIC HORROR IN THE 19 TH CENTURY• Gothic fiction, sometimes referred to • Three great films that were produced as Gothic horror, is a genre of surrounding Gothic Horror in the 19 th literature that has elements of both century were Frankenstein, Dracula horror and romance. Gothicisms origin and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde . All three is attributed to English author Horace of these films have seen great success Walpole, with his 1764 novel The and have been remade on several Castle of Otranto, called A Gothic stages. Story. The effect of Gothic fiction feeds on terror, an extension of Romance that was relatively new at the time of Walpoles novel. Melodrama and parody were other features of the Gothic initiated by Walpole.
UNIVERSAL STUDIOS HORROR-1930• In the 1930’s there were many monsters and mad scientists that were created in horror genre films, such as Lon Chaney from The Phantom of the Opera and also the birth of Frankenstein and King Kong.• Most of these films are titled under Universal Horror. This is the name given to a series of distinctive horror, suspense and science fiction films made by Universal Studios from 1923 to 1960.
PRIMAL ANIMALS IN-1940’S• Wartime horror movies were purely an American product. Banned in Britain, with film production curbed throughout the theatre of war in Europe, horror movies were cranked out by Hollywood solely to amuse the domestic audience. The studios stuck with tried and tested ideas, wary of taking risks that might suggest they had no measure of the zeitgeist, and trotted out a series of variations on a theme. This was not an age of innovation, but horror movie memes were, nonetheless, evolving.
MUTANT CREATURES & ALIEN INVADERS-1950’S.• There were a vast amount of changes • The actions of WW2 had left over 40 that took place between 1940 & 1950. million dead, and millions more In ten short years the concept of a exposed to the full spectrum of mans terrifying monster had changed inhumanity to man. Homecoming massively. Films such as Don’t step on soldiers and widows had too many it!, Jaws, Godzilla and The Thing horror stories of their own to have the shaped mutant creatures in horror time to watch the big screen, The films to what it has become today. world could never be the same again.
GHOST, ZOMBIES & SATANISM• Ghosts became very popular around • Zombies are also a massive popular the 1960’s-70’s era, the first film figure in the horror industry and around that defined ghosts was The although it wasn’t one of the biggest Haunting (1963) Where the characters horror films, a film names Night of the do not believe in the supernatural living dead (1968) and it inspired other hauntings until it is too late to change movies to be re-mastered and remade their minds. Ghosts became one of the all over the world. These films made most popular figures in horror history the films such as Shaun of the dead and have been remade into several and Dawn of the dead, being inspired types of horror films. by these types of films.
HAMMER HORROR• Hammer Films is a film production • During the late 1960s and 1970s the company based in the UK. Founded in saturation of the horror film market by 1934, the company is best known for a competitors and the loss of American series of Gothic Hammer Horror films funding forced changes to the made from the 1950s until the 1970s. previously lucrative Hammer They also made Science style, with varying scales of success. Fiction, Thillers, Film Noir & Comedy. In The company eventually stopped their their prime Hammer Films dominated the production in the mid-80s and has film market, having worldwide since then been in hibernation. distributuion and financial success, but the success with help from partnertship studios, such as Warner Bros.
SLASHER MOVIES, HORROR/GORE 1980’S• Slasher films are very gore filled, and • The film Blood Feast was considered can be mistaken for thrillers too. the first Splatter/Gore film to be made Usually there are psychopathic killers and to set off the trend. and a killing sequence of victims are included with tools such as knifes and axes in a very voilent and graphic manner. Although the slasher style can be mistaken for other horror genres it has its own set of characteristics which set it apart from any other genres. Slasher and Gore films are very similar though in that they both focus on portrayals of graphic violence.
FEARS AND MORAL PANICS-1980• Horror movies surrounding the 1980’s were often surrounding the watershed of visual effects to glorify the gory imaginations of horror fans and the movie makers. The horror films of the early 1980s show a new energy and delight in the genre, as special effects creators fell over each other to create sequences that had never been attempted on film before. Films such as An American Werewolf In London, Re- Animator, Ghostbusters, Gremlin and others are highly associated with this film bracket.
GORE VENGEANCE RETURN-2000’S• Horror films are often associated with • In the 2000’s the rising and falling of gore, and under the brackets the genre ‘Torture Porn’ came about ‘Gore-Nography’ there are plenty of with the help of movies such as films that are able to backup its Captivity, Human Centipede, A Serbian suitable name. Films such as Film and others. Supposabley the act Hostel, SAW, The Hills Have Eyes and of torture represents the ultimate many others. Films such as these are corruption of power; as the torturer has developing the horror film the absolute dominance over their genre, doubling the genre of horror victim. They also control the amount of films hitting the cinema of 20 up to 40. pain inflicted too, which is of far more consequence than death.