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Water service in bosomtwe appiah effah-ae-e ppt

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Mr. Eugene Appiah-Effah, a WASHCost Ghana Research Officer presented at the Third Ghana Water Forum in 2011 on the topic ‘Cost of rural and small town water service delivery in the Bosomtwe District’. …

Mr. Eugene Appiah-Effah, a WASHCost Ghana Research Officer presented at the Third Ghana Water Forum in 2011 on the topic ‘Cost of rural and small town water service delivery in the Bosomtwe District’. This district is one of many where WASHCost undertook an action research to find the life-cycle costs of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in the area.

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  • 1. Ghana Water Forum
    Cost of rural and small town water service delivery in the Bosomtwe District
    by
    Appiah-Effah E., Nyarko K. B., Dwumfour-Asare, B. , Moriarty, P.
  • 2. Presentation Outline
  • WASHCost Project
    KNUST and IRC are implementing WASHCost, which is an action research project that
    ... researches the life-cycle costs of providing water, sanitation and hygiene(WASH) services in rural and peri-urban areas
    … to stimulate the use of cost information to improve governance and decision making at all levels
    The approach used for this project is the Life Cycle Cost Approach (LCCA).
  • 7. Introduction-Ghana Perspective
    • According to CWSA (2009) in 2008
    • 8. 56% of rural people have been served with handpumps
    • 9. 62% served under small-town piped water systems.
    • 10. The provision of water facilities is not enough to guarantee sustainable service delivery unless there are clear mechanisms for ensuring operations and maintenance.
  • Objectives
    The objectives of the study are:
    • To determine the cost of providing water services using the LCCA
    • 11. To assess the level of water service delivered.
  • Methodology -Study area and sampling
    Bosomtwe District population= 187,499 (2009)
    10 rural communities and 1 small town
  • Life Cycle Costs
    Life-cycle costs (LCC) refer to the costs of ensuring adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services to a specific population in a determined geographical area - not just for a few years but indefinitely.
    Life Cycle Costs Components
  • 18. Framework for analysing costs of providing service
    • Cost components were adjusted to the current values (year 2009) using GDP deflators (World Bank Group, 2010).
    • 19. The data used to calculate the Expenditure on Direct Support (ExpDS is from CWSA and DAs’ (DWSTs) annual reports.
    • 20. Total per-capita investment in direct costs was calculated by dividing the costs of regional CWSA offices by the regional population, and district WASH expenditure by the district population.
  • Results-Overall water service
  • 21. Results-Cost of providing water services
  • 22. Conclusions
    • CapEx for Small towns cost about twice that of the water point system.
    • 23. Running cost of small towns cost four times that of the water point systems.
    • 24. The small towns provide high acceptable service compared to water point system
    • 25. Capital maintenance is not being undertaken in a systematic manner, and expenditure on capital maintenance is very low and most often not available.
    • 26. No policy in place for systematic replacement of handpumps
  • Recommendations
    • District Water and Sanitation Plans should incorporate all the cost elements and plan replacement of asset and proper operations.
    • 27. Government should adequately fund Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) and District Assemblies (DAs) to be able to provide relevant post construction support.
  • For more information:
    www.washcost.info
    Thank You