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Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania
Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania
Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania
Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania
Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania
Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania
Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania
Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania
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Potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania

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Presentation by Barbara van Koppen (IWMI South Africa) on the potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania during the Seminar on Multiple Use water Services in …

Presentation by Barbara van Koppen (IWMI South Africa) on the potentials and barriers for scaling MUS in India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania during the Seminar on Multiple Use water Services in the context of Dutch policy and practice. Wednesday 26 June 2013. International Water House, Bezuidenhoutseweg 2, The Hague, The Netherlands.

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  • 1. If MUS is such a good idea, whydoesn’t it spread like wildfire?Potential and barriers for scaling MUS;based on scoping studies inIndia, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana, TanzaniaBarbara van Koppen & Stef Smits
  • 2. MUS models:• domestic-plus: higher service levels: climbing the water ladder• irrigation-plus: improving access for non-irrigation uses• MUS by design: community-driven planning and designSilo-ed scaling partners:• Domestic-plus WASH• Irrigation-plus irrigation sector• MUS by design:Plus approaches; holistic water services; waterresource programs e.g., 3 R, NRM, ecosystemsCommunity-driven development and employmentStrategies for scaling MUS:‘Models’ and ‘Scaling partners’WaterDevmt
  • 3. MUS by design in community-drivendevelopment/employment generationLocal government/implementing agents; e.g.,• India MG National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme:55 million households; 2/3 assets water: the world’slargest rural water project!• Community driven development: e.g. PAF Nepal;TASAFTanzaniaTaps: communities’ self-supply for multipleuses/benefits, efficiently from multiple sources,through cost-effective multi-purposeinfrastructure, according to own priorities,leveraging own investments, for sustainablehealth and wealth
  • 4. Accountability ParadoxExpertise-based, competitivefunding;accountable forinfrastructure(output) and singlelivelihood (outcome)Not my job; already socomplex; no extracostsPeople’splanningDiscretion;Demand-drivenexpertise
  • 5. MUS opportunities-1:outcomesWASHMy sub-sector isaccountable to:IrrigationMy sub-sector isaccountable to:Key messagesLivelihoodimpactsImprove health - by cleandrinking water andsanitationOther methods, healthaspects and livelihoods arenot my jobImprove food,productivity, and incomethrough crops (andhealth related to that)Other livelihoods are notmy jobMeet multiple livelihoodsfor more outcomes(allow for more flexibility inproject formulation!)WatersafetyHealthimpactsTreat all domestic water,also for domestic uses thatdo not need drinking waterqualityDomestic-plus is a waste ofexpensive treated waterForbid people to drinkwater from canalsDrinking water quality isnot my expertise and notmy jobEnsure 3-5 lpcd cleanReduce costs for larger quantitiesof lesser quality for personalhygiene and for other domesticuses and productive uses
  • 6. WASHMy sub-sector isaccountable to:IrrigationMy sub-sector isaccountable to:Key messages:Equity infundallocationDomestic-plus delaysreaching the unserved andmeeting their humanrightsTarget basic domesticservices to all to realizeone human rightWater for broader socio-economic human rights(food, livelihoods) arenot my jobProvide more water formore land, wideninggapsPrioritize fund allocation to meetdomestic needs and minimumproductive needs for all? Universal domestic-plus(gender/landless)MUS is more cost-effectiveCostrecoveryDomestic-plus generatesincome for better cost-recovery (favouring MUS)Cost-recovery even for justoperation andmaintenance is weakMore uses increaseability to pay (favouringMUS)Cost-recovery even forjust operation andmaintenance is weakBroaden the benefits, and hence thebasis for cost-recovery, throughmulti-purpose infrastructureTarget life-line subsidies to the poorThose who can pay should payMUS opportunities-2:reaching the poor/women cost-effectively
  • 7. WASHMy sub-sector isaccountable to:IrrigationMy sub-sector is accountableto:Key messages:Pro-poorwaterallocationAllowing for productiveuses will steal waterfrom domestic uses andincrease inequitiesInfrastructure designedfor domestic uses meansit IS a priorityDomestic and livestock usesare negligible quantities, soacceptableInfrastructure designed forirrigation means it IS apriority, irrespective ofstatutory/human rights lawPrioritize water allocation forbasic domestic and productivewater uses for all, meetingvarious human rights, and ensureenforcementMUS opportunities-3:allocating water equitably/efficiently
  • 8. Thanks for your attentionwww.musgroup.net

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