Testing and scaling up of mobile for water
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Testing and scaling up of mobile for water






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  • Mobile phones for improved water access. It is a four year multi stakeholder collaboration. It is being implemented in eight districts in Uganda
  • Mobile phones for improved water access. It is a four year multi stakeholder collaboration. It is being implemented in eight districts in Uganda
  • Uganda Country Study Report 2011Sector Performance Report 2010
  • URL: http://m4water.org:8080/m4w/index.htmlUser name: 307DWOPassword: lirali
  • Initial data indicate that up to 19% of water sources are missing from the national database (WATSUP).
  • TheWater Atlas Update Project (WATSUP)
  • TheWater Atlas Update Project (WATSUP)
  • M4W reduces work load in collection of WASH monitoring data111 districts How many messaqgs have been received How many water points fixed
  • HPMs, HAs, CDOs participated in the development of messages for community sensitization and reinstallation of identifiers onto water sources

Testing and scaling up of mobile for water Testing and scaling up of mobile for water Presentation Transcript

  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …2 Presentation Outline Introduction Rational and objectives Key system functions How the system works – reporting a problem Progress to date Uniqueness of the system Costs for national deployment Emerging issues and challenges Key messages on M4W Next steps
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …3 Introduction Mobile for Water (M4W) is a multi stakeholder collaborative initiative to improve the functionality of rural water sources in 8 districts in Uganda. —Stakeholders: IRC/Triple-S, SNV, Makerere University, Water Aid, Ministry of Water and Environment, Districts —Participating districts: Lira, Kabarole, Arua, Kasese, Kyenjojo, Masindi, Amuria, Katakwi —Details available at http://m4water.org/
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …4 Rationale & Objectives Rationale for the initiative: —30 to 40% of systems in Africa don’t function at all —20%+ failure rates for hand pump technologies —Lack of accurate data about sources complicates monitoring, evaluating and reporting on rural WASH services Objectives of M4W —Improving efficiency in reporting faults —Triggering action to repair non-functional sources —Improving efficiency in updating information systems
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …5 System Functions Monitoring data ̶ Data collected on status of water points ̶ Data stored in the District Water Manag’t Info Systems ̶ Data may be used for updating the national database Reporting faults ̶ Care taker or community member sends an SMS to 8888 ̶ System prompts HPM to conduct an assessment ̶ Spare parts bought, fixed, water source repaired Inspection information ̶ H/As collect sanitation information ̶ Information is sent into the system at district ̶ Information collected based on MWE guidelines
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …6 How the System Works
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …7 Reporting a problem - Implementation
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …8 Progress to date Communities now reporting faults using the system Facilitated the collection of monitoring data Improved speed of repairs (27/84 repaired) Generated data for updating information systems District Water Officers using data for planning Improved accuracy of water source information System helped identify sources not on database Provided information for learning
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …9 Management Vs Functionality 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 Noofwater points located Noofwater points non functional 5,779 968 Noofwater points located Noofwater points nonfunctional 17% 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 No ofwater points located Number with noWUC 5,779 921 No ofwater points located Number with no WUC 16%
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …10 GIS Visualization
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …11 Uniqueness of M4W System Generic and open-source tool for Rapid Application Development (http://openxdata.org ) Provides instant data for updating MIS Data collection at local level, reporting at national Monitoring component tracks national indicators Use of government structures at national & district levels Community involvement encourages sustainability
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …12 Total Cost of Ownership Component Cost drivers Examples Estimates Phone hardware, Handset devices Type of handset being used, wear and tear Nokia/Symbian, Ideos/Android Low (<=$40) and viable for volume deployment Software license or service subscription fees Opensource Vs Proprietary LAMP, Unix, Linux, Windows, All open source so no license costs. Training , Support & Consulting Handset complexity, Tools complexity, Skills requirements Training workshops, local champions, System admin, Devt support from Mak 1 MIS admin@2M/month, 1 database Admin@2M/month Data Transmission Internet connection, SMS SMS Data/IP: GPRS, Edge, 3G, 4G, Wi Fi, Bluetooth National agreements for toll free SMS line. Cost per data upload 2UGX. Locally hosted Data Centers and Server Hardware Local IT personnel Lack of power & reliable infrastructure Local SMS Gateways, database servers, Line of business Cost per month for server approximately 200 USD
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …13 Costs for Nationwide Deployment No. Item Description US $ 1 Hardware (280,000 for 1,400 Sub Counties) 156,800 2 Insurance (10% of Hardware) @ year 15,680 3 Data collection (2000/= @ for 144,000) 115,200 4 System Support (5M @ month for 1 year) 24,000 5 Data Center (500,000/= @ month for 1 year) 2,400 Training and support costs (eight districts) 51,824 6 Total Projected for Initial Deployment 314,080 7 Subsequent Recurrent Costs @ year 46,080
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …14 Emerging Issues & Challenges Limited M4W information use at district level M4W data yet to be used for updating WATSUP Unique identifiers on water points lost/damaged Network connectivity issues Loss of mobile phones, dead batteries, etc Low capacity of HPMs for data collection Need to consider maintenance rather than repair Some key questions not yet answered
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …15 Key Messages on M4W A real potential for updating DWMIS & NWMIS —Data collected directly updates the DWMIS —Data may also be used for updating the NWMIS —Reduced paper work in data collection, entry, analysis etc A cost effective tool for monitoring WASH services —National deployment in 120 districts would cost $314,080 —Subsequent recurrent costs per year would be $46,080 —MWE spent about $1M in 2010 to update the WATSUP Use of gov’t structures key in rolling out system —Involvement of districts and S/Cs (DWOs, HA, CDOs etc)
  • WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …16 Next steps in phase 2 of M4W Answering main questions of the initiative —Has M4W reduced on down time in the pilot districts? —Has M4W improved functionality of rural water sources? —Can M4W provide data for updating district and national Water Management Information Systems? —What are the costs of implementing M4W? Providing system maintenance services to districts —Provided a service contract to MU (CIT) systems maintenance