Sanitation and Hygiene in Asia Practitioners Workshop, Rajendrapur , 31 Jan - 3 Feb 2012 Supporting local government in 5 ...
Contents                                       BhutanThe SSH4A project                           NepalPerformance Monitori...
SSH4A project 2 year project to support local governments to  provide Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All 5 Asian...
Goal, targets, strategyIn brief: Support local governments within their own frameworks to  improve rural sanitation & hyg...
Five linked components     Learning & sharing    Between components
Performance Monitoring Framework 5 common performance indicators in Civic Society WASH Fund:# additional people with acces...
Qualitative Information System (QIS) Developed by IRC and WSP for World Bank as participatory  gender and poverty sensiti...
Quantified qualitative indicatorsProgress towards/in: Sanitary toilets in HHs and schools # toilets used in an increasin...
Quantified qualitative indicatorsProgress in governance: Multi-stakeholder cooperation in sector Pro-poor support mechan...
Measuring progress beyondODF and JMP (san) :       Source: Antoinette Kome, WASH team leader Asia Region, Nepal
Observations Cambodia (pilot 2 prov., 6 villages)          Baseline   Mid term0 No toilet/ open defecation                ...
Measuring equity on genderObservation & reporting for 2 meetings: community and WASH             ScorecommitteeNo particip...
Beyond MDG and JMP: total progress for toilet access and use      Aggregated data from 4 of 5 countries                   ...
Progress Ind. 3a: handwashing observations                      (without Laos)           Source: A. Kome, SNV
Capacity development for good quality CLTS              Nepal mid-term outcomes                                   Source: ...
PitfallsCannot be developed behind deskScales are programme and culture specificShould measure outcomes, not inputs or out...
Pitfalls (2)  Proper sampling methods and size required for  representative data  Scales themselves must be pre-tested and...
On-going progress, next steps Integration into national programs:   Bhutan scaled up from 4 sub-districts to 1 and now 2...
More information, documents, photo story womenmasons etc. e:    Sustainable sanitation and hygiene for all          http:/...
SSH4A presentation at 3rd Asia San&Hyg workshop
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

SSH4A presentation at 3rd Asia San&Hyg workshop

825 views
790 views

Published on

Published in: Travel, Art & Photos
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
825
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SSH4A presentation at 3rd Asia San&Hyg workshop

  1. 1. Sanitation and Hygiene in Asia Practitioners Workshop, Rajendrapur , 31 Jan - 3 Feb 2012 Supporting local government in 5 Asian countries on sustainable sanitation & hygiene for all Methodology for Performance Monitoring Christine Sijbesma on behalf of the whole SSH4A team 1
  2. 2. Contents BhutanThe SSH4A project NepalPerformance Monitoring VietnamFramework LaosSome preliminary resultsMethodological lessons Cambodia
  3. 3. SSH4A project 2 year project to support local governments to provide Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All 5 Asian countries: Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Nepal, Vietnam Cooperation National and Local Gvts, SNV WASH Asia and IRC Asia Region Financial support Civic Society Fund, AusAid and DGIS core funding for SNV and IRC knowledge centres
  4. 4. Goal, targets, strategyIn brief: Support local governments within their own frameworks to improve rural sanitation & hygiene through a holistic approach Enhanced access of 122,000 rural people and 120 schools to sanitation and hygiene Duration in countries: June 2010 to Dec 2011 (18 months) Learning approach: learn by doing, monitoring and from each other Focus on equity, sustainability and faster progress at scale
  5. 5. Five linked components Learning & sharing Between components
  6. 6. Performance Monitoring Framework 5 common performance indicators in Civic Society WASH Fund:# additional people with access to safe water (not in SSH4A)# additional people with access to basic sanitation# additional locations with hand washing facilities and soap# additional schools with water sanitation & hand washing facilities# additional water and sanitation service providers monitoredindependently
  7. 7. Qualitative Information System (QIS) Developed by IRC and WSP for World Bank as participatory gender and poverty sensitive project evaluation. Specific objective to quantify qualitative data on quality of services, participation of women and the poor, sustainability, empowerment, etc. Gradually developed into a participatory monitoring methodology at scale. Used in India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Laos, Bhutan, Cambodia, Kenya, South Africa, Colombia, Peru, etc.
  8. 8. Quantified qualitative indicatorsProgress towards/in: Sanitary toilets in HHs and schools # toilets used in an increasingly hygienic way in HHs & schools # HHs & schools with increasingly adequate facilities for handwashing with soap # Local sanitation enterprises (already numerical) Degree of female involvement in sanitation enterprises Level and quality of sanitation services Existence & quality of localized Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) program at relevant admin. level(s)
  9. 9. Quantified qualitative indicatorsProgress in governance: Multi-stakeholder cooperation in sector Pro-poor support mechanisms for sanitation Degree of influence of women/ excluded groups/ very poor Capacity of government and NGOs to facilitate quality CLTS at community level & monitor & manage progressLearning and Sharing: numerical, qualitative (no. & type ofpresentations, workshops, meetings, gender of participants, etc. )
  10. 10. Measuring progress beyondODF and JMP (san) : Source: Antoinette Kome, WASH team leader Asia Region, Nepal
  11. 11. Observations Cambodia (pilot 2 prov., 6 villages) Baseline Mid term0 No toilet/ open defecation 14% 7%1 Toilet but human faeces are not contained and are accessible for human contact and contact by other animals 59% 7% (=unimproved toilet)2 Benchmark: Toilet + human faeces contained + inaccessible for human contact and contact by other animals (= 14% 24% improved sanitation) (pit and slab)3 Toilet + human faeces contained in such a way that it is inaccessible for human contact and contact by other 7% 15% animals + no flies or rodents going in and out.4 Toilet + human faeces contained in such a way that it is inaccessible for human contact and contact by other animals + no flies or rodents going in and out + human faeces are contained in such a way that it cannot 6% 48% contaminate surface- or ground-water.
  12. 12. Measuring equity on genderObservation & reporting for 2 meetings: community and WASH ScorecommitteeNo participation of women in meetings 0Females attend the meetings, but do not speak 1Females attend + speak, but not listened to 2Females attend + speak + listened to, but do not influence decisions 3Females attend + speak + listened to + influence decisions 4Reasons for score: In same way: equity for poor and gender in SMEsIntended action:
  13. 13. Beyond MDG and JMP: total progress for toilet access and use Aggregated data from 4 of 5 countries Source: A. Kome, SNV
  14. 14. Progress Ind. 3a: handwashing observations (without Laos) Source: A. Kome, SNV
  15. 15. Capacity development for good quality CLTS Nepal mid-term outcomes Source: A. Kome, SNV
  16. 16. PitfallsCannot be developed behind deskScales are programme and culture specificShould measure outcomes, not inputs or outputsSteps must be incremental; no gaps, no overlapsNo 2 or 3 combined options in one stepAvoid undefined concepts and subjective terms, e.g. ‘clean’
  17. 17. Pitfalls (2) Proper sampling methods and size required for representative data Scales themselves must be pre-tested and piloted in the field Reasons for scores are crucial for analysis Is extractive without local discussions & use for actionIf designed and used without expertise, data can be spurious
  18. 18. On-going progress, next steps Integration into national programs:  Bhutan scaled up from 4 sub-districts to 1 and now 2 full districts  Cambodia  Laos  Nepal : scaled up to one of 5 regions  Vietnam: third province started Other ESAs come in to support at country level For near future aim for programmatic approach with multiple ESAs Methodological review done to enhance rigor of monitoring method and data (available c. February 2012
  19. 19. More information, documents, photo story womenmasons etc. e: Sustainable sanitation and hygiene for all http://www.irc.nl/page/57188

×