Session SDM - Dotse.presentation

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  • MAPLE Consult
  • Session SDM - Dotse.presentation

    1. 1. THE EMERGENCE OF SERVICE DELIVERY MODLES IN GHANA
    2. 4. DIRECT COM <ul><li>all point sources, small towns systems and some multi village piped systems </li></ul><ul><li>WATSAN Committees/WSDBs </li></ul><ul><li>tariff/water user fee determination </li></ul><ul><li>tariffs determined by WSDB subject to approval by M/DAs </li></ul><ul><li>tariffs collected by the WATSAN Committees/WSDBs </li></ul><ul><li>WATSAN committees/WSDBs responsible for the O and M of facilities </li></ul><ul><li>WSDBs employ staff to manage the system </li></ul>
    3. 5. COM UNDER PRIVATE MANAGEMENT <ul><li>small towns with large settlements and some multi village systems </li></ul><ul><li>WSDBs engage the services of a private entity to manage the system </li></ul><ul><li>tariffs proposed by the WSDBs subject to the approval of the M/DAs </li></ul><ul><li>tariffs collected by the private operator and revenue shared within an agreed </li></ul><ul><li>framework </li></ul>
    4. 7. <ul><li>private operator responsible for maintenance, major repairs, replacements, extensions and rehabilitation subject to the approval of the WSDBs and M/DAs. </li></ul><ul><li>CWSA provides professional advice to guide the extensions to be undertaken </li></ul><ul><li>private operators expected to submit technical and financial reports to the WSDB on the system. </li></ul><ul><li>technical competence of the WSDBs to study and analyse the reports </li></ul>
    5. 8. DISTRICT OWNED AND MANAGED SYSTEMS <ul><li>DA owns and manages the system directly </li></ul><ul><li>DA appoints the WSDB. </li></ul><ul><li>model limited to a few schemes financed by KfW in 2 regions </li></ul>
    6. 9. CHALLENGES <ul><li>water quality analysis </li></ul><ul><li>technical competence of private sector and the M/DAs and the WSDBs </li></ul><ul><li>tariff setting (tariffs higher than GWCL tariffs) 18 liters cost GHp3 in the facilities provided under the NCWSP as opposed to GHp2 from GWCL </li></ul><ul><li>payment by institutional consumers </li></ul><ul><li>non –involvement of sub-district structures </li></ul>
    7. 10. Framework for Decentralised Administration in Ghana REGIONAL COORDINATING COUNCIL UNIT COMMITTEES (LI 1589) DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES (Act 462) URBAN/ZONAL/TOWN COUNCILS (LI 1589) MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT WSDBs/WATSANs DISTRICT WATER AND SANITATION TEAMS Constitution approved by District Assembly National Regional District Sub district
    8. 11. KEY LESSONS <ul><li>continued payment of user fees/tariffs particularly pay as you fetch provides adequate resources for O& M . WSDBs set aside 10% of revenue for O&M </li></ul><ul><li>availability of trained personnel and spare parts essential for prompt repair of facilities </li></ul><ul><li>enforcement of the requirement of periodic water quality analysis </li></ul><ul><li>total involvement of local government institutions at the district and sub district levels in the management of water facilities. </li></ul>

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