all point sources, small towns systems and some multi village piped systems
tariff/water user fee determination
tariffs determined by WSDB subject to approval by M/DAs
tariffs collected by the WATSAN Committees/WSDBs
WATSAN committees/WSDBs responsible for the O and M of facilities
WSDBs employ staff to manage the system
COM UNDER PRIVATE MANAGEMENT
small towns with large settlements and some multi village systems
WSDBs engage the services of a private entity to manage the system
tariffs proposed by the WSDBs subject to the approval of the M/DAs
tariffs collected by the private operator and revenue shared within an agreed
private operator responsible for maintenance, major repairs, replacements, extensions and rehabilitation subject to the approval of the WSDBs and M/DAs.
CWSA provides professional advice to guide the extensions to be undertaken
private operators expected to submit technical and financial reports to the WSDB on the system.
technical competence of the WSDBs to study and analyse the reports
DISTRICT OWNED AND MANAGED SYSTEMS
DA owns and manages the system directly
DA appoints the WSDB.
model limited to a few schemes financed by KfW in 2 regions
water quality analysis
technical competence of private sector and the M/DAs and the WSDBs
tariff setting (tariffs higher than GWCL tariffs) 18 liters cost GHp3 in the facilities provided under the NCWSP as opposed to GHp2 from GWCL
payment by institutional consumers
non –involvement of sub-district structures
Framework for Decentralised Administration in Ghana REGIONAL COORDINATING COUNCIL UNIT COMMITTEES (LI 1589) DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES (Act 462) URBAN/ZONAL/TOWN COUNCILS (LI 1589) MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT WSDBs/WATSANs DISTRICT WATER AND SANITATION TEAMS Constitution approved by District Assembly National Regional District Sub district
continued payment of user fees/tariffs particularly pay as you fetch provides adequate resources for O& M . WSDBs set aside 10% of revenue for O&M
availability of trained personnel and spare parts essential for prompt repair of facilities
enforcement of the requirement of periodic water quality analysis
total involvement of local government institutions at the district and sub district levels in the management of water facilities.