Session Harmonization 2c - Tamene Chaka

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Session Harmonization 2c - Tamene Chaka

  1. 1. Rural Water Service Delivery Models in Ethiopia: Scoping Report for Triple S Project April 13, Kampala
  2. 2. Background to RiPPLE <ul><li>Five research program funded by DFID </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to advance evidence-based learning on WASH </li></ul><ul><li>Involves capacity building activity </li></ul><ul><li>Work with different partners at different levels </li></ul><ul><li>The key approach to the program is Learning and Practice Alliance (LPA) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objective of the Study <ul><li>Capture & describe existing SDMs and their constituent elements </li></ul><ul><li>Understand and analyze underlying principles success factors and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Capture processes of change towards harmonization & alignment </li></ul>
  4. 4. Research Methodology <ul><li>Quantitative –Key Informant interview </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative – use of secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Review of existing documents </li></ul>
  5. 5. Background to WS sub- sector <ul><li>Recent data shows access to water supply is 62.5% (MoWR) </li></ul><ul><li>Nun functionality (NF) rate of schemes is about 30% </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution by government, donors and NGOs is respectively 51%, 29% & 20% </li></ul><ul><li>The target set in Accelerated Universal Access Program (A-UAP) for 2012 is provide access to 98% and reduce NF rate to 10% </li></ul>
  6. 6. Key Findings
  7. 7. Formally Recognized SDMs <ul><li>Self supply (recognized in policy only in 2009 –Why?) </li></ul><ul><li>- Simple & low cost to cover more people & </li></ul><ul><li>reach the target </li></ul><ul><li>Community management by WASHCos (main model): - different implementation modalities </li></ul><ul><li>- WASHCOs for individual villages </li></ul><ul><li>- Water boards for multi-village schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Municipality (with town water boards) for small towns </li></ul>
  8. 8. Universal Access Program <ul><li>UAP  targets are more ambitious than MDG goals </li></ul><ul><li>Aim is to provide access (defined as 15 lpcd potable water within 1.5 km) to 98% by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Target includes reducing non-functionality rates to 10% in 2012 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Decentralization <ul><li>Placed woredas firmly in the frontline of service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity at district level (manpower/skills, materials and recurrent budgets) is one of the major sector challenges </li></ul>
  10. 11. Sustainability <ul><li>Major issue in the sector explained by levels of NF and emphasis is to new construction </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of community to deal with repairs </li></ul><ul><li>Post-construction support for community management is extremely limited </li></ul><ul><li>Low private sector capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Exacerbated due to weak monitoring </li></ul>
  11. 13. Benefits of Harmonization <ul><li>Effective and efficient in terms of utilizing funds as it reduces transaction costs, lessens the burden for the implementing partner </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization will be easier </li></ul><ul><li>Creates good condition for equity </li></ul><ul><li>Enables to prepare joint report for the sector </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring will be more effective as there will be common indicator and enables better tracking of progress in the sector </li></ul><ul><li>Improves the situation for sustainability as it creates possibility of scale up of sustainable SDMs </li></ul>
  12. 14. Opportunities… <ul><li>1) MOU signed among the three ministries </li></ul><ul><li>- Includes WS protection at different stages, human wastes management, WS schools and health institutions, water quality control & surveillance, S&H, safe water chain( promotion of safe water from the source to mouth), safe disposal of faeces and solid and liquid west management. </li></ul><ul><li>- Coordination structure </li></ul><ul><li>- Program Implementation Manual (PIM) </li></ul>
  13. 15. Opportunity (cont’d) <ul><li>2)Multi Stakeholders Forum (MSF): </li></ul><ul><li>Sector undertaking agreed by all actors (Gov, Donors, NGOs, and others) </li></ul><ul><li>3)Joint Budget & Aid Review (JBAR) : </li></ul><ul><li>- fund is channeled through government account as block grant, it creates good opportunity for the program to be implemented with common approach </li></ul>
  14. 16. Challenges for Harmonization <ul><li>Institutional barriers> interest may not be entertained > reduces commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of trust, transparency & accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Misperception of the concept due to lack of understanding how it works & limited experience of ‘One WASH’ </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonization brings standardization which in turn reduces innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties of tracking contributions as the fund goes in to one basket </li></ul>
  15. 17. Challenges.. <ul><li>Nature of funding in NGOs that comes from different sources with different requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment by bilateral donors for their country policy and tax payers interests </li></ul>
  16. 18. Recommendation <ul><li>Awareness creation and involve all stakeholders in the process </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership by the government driven by the befits that harmonization brings to the sector </li></ul><ul><li>Participation of all stakeholders in the preparation & implementation of ‘One WaSH’ that includes joint action plan, monitoring & tracking of progress </li></ul><ul><li>Considering those SDMs which have proven sustainability in providing services </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building activities at local level and establishing systems for baseline data, information sharing mechanisms, data management system (RC) </li></ul>
  17. 19. Recommendation (cont’d) <ul><li>Conducting action oriented research to minimize the impacts of standardization </li></ul><ul><li>Step wise approach for implementation that includes starting from the pilot level and move towards to a larger scale </li></ul><ul><li>In order to minimize some negative impacts, preparation of risk management plan and reviewing the progress & adjusting based on practical experience </li></ul>
  18. 20. Thank You

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