Session Harmonization 2c - Lambert Olweny

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  • 1. Coordination of Rural Water Supply Services at Local Government Level
    • Kasese District Experience
    • Presented by
    • Olweny Lambert
    • District Water Officer
    • Speke Resort Munyonyo, 13 th April 2010
  • 2. Background
    • Kasese District is a Local Government
    • 2 Counties, 20 LLGs, 4 T.Cs
    • Popn > 707,000 in 2010 (532,993 in 2002)
    • Rural Population = 606,000 in 2010 (85%)
  • 3. Water Supply Services
    • One of the Service Delivery areas
    • Main focus – Domestic Water Supply
    • Main Sources – Spring, GFS, Boreholes
    • Water Supply Facilities Installed = 1,480 GFS taps, 1,200 Protected Springs and 190 Boreholes
    • Safe Water Coverage > 80%
  • 4. Main Challenge
    • How maintain over 2, 870 water supply points, > 583 Km of pipe net work and > 30 decentralised gravity water systems in operation.
    • And ….still building some of the largest systems in Rural Growth Centres (RGCs)
  • 5. What is the Coordination Mechanism?
    • Coordination of Rural Water Services at Local Government Level is spear headed by the District Water and Sanitation Coordination Committee (DWSCC)
  • 6. Coordination Legal Framework
    • The Uganda Water Statute (1995) >> provides for the establishment of the
    • Water Policy Committee (WPC) >> at ministerial level
    • The Water Statute also provides for the formation of a coordination committee at district level >> the DWSCC
  • 7. Legal Framework Cont’d
    • The Water Statute also allows for formation of Water User Groups/Committees and Water Associations at community level for the purpose of ensuring sustainable use of water supply facilities
    • The Local Government Act >> gives local governments the responsibility of provision of water services and maintenance of water facilities
  • 8. The role of the DWSCC
    • To oversee and guide implementation of rural water supply and sanitation services and programmes at district level
    • Strengthen collaboration and linkage with other key departments at district level such as Education, Health, Community development, Urban Water Department (e.g. NWSC), etc
    • Strengthen collaboration and linkage with other key sector players such as private sector, CBOs, civil society and Local and International NGOs
    • Joint monitoring and evaluation of sector activities and services
  • 9. Composition of the DWSCC – Kasese District
    • Political leaders (secretaries for works, health/Social services and chairperson of council standing committee for works and technical services)
    • Administrative Leaders (Chief Administrative Officer - CAO, Assistant CAO – in charge of Water & Sanitation)
    • Technocrats
      • District Water Officer (DWO),
      • District Education Officer (DEO)
      • District Inspector of Schools (DIS),
      • District Medical Officer (DMO),
      • District Health Inspector (DHI),
      • District Community Development Officer (DCDO)
      • District Environment Officer (DEO)
      • Manager National Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC – Kasese town)
  • 10. Composition of the DWSCC – Kasese District
    • Local NGOs
      • (Kagando Rural Development Centre – KARUDEC, Kasanga PHC, ACTS)
    • International NGOs
      • (Red Cross, SNV, UNICEF)
    • CBOs
      • (KADDENET, Bwera Water Supply)
    • Central Ministry Arm working at Regional Level
      • Technical Support Unit Six (TSU 6)
      • Mid Western Umbrella for Water and Sanitation (Association of piped water schemes)
      • Water and Sanitation Development Facilities (WSDF) – South Western Branch (SWB)
  • 11. Other co-opted Stakeholders
    • Chairpersons of Lower Local Government Council (LC IIIs) at Sub-county and
    • Project Implementation Committee (PIC) Chairpersons of major piped water supply systems
    • These are invited to provide reports and attend the DWSCC meetings whenever there are emerging issues from their areas of jurisdiction.
  • 12. Financing of the DWSCC
    • In Kasese District, the DWSCC was established in 2003
    • Quarterly meetings & field visits are financed by the district budget using the District Water and Sanitation Development Conditional Grant (DWSDCG) >> one of the conditional grants transferred from central government to local governments
  • 13. What we have achieved with coordination efforts
    • Clear demarcation of roles and responsibilities – we encourage stakeholders to engage in aspects where they exhibit expertise; -do what you do best principle.
    • Avoids duplication – we identify problematic areas and assign tasks to different players and allow key players to spread interventions rather than clog in one area
    • Joint interventions – in areas where joint efforts are required, e.g. Red cross, SNV, TSU 6 working together with the District Water Office to built capacity of water committees and boards
  • 14. What we have achieved with coordination efforts cont’d
    • Resource pool created – experiences, knowledge, lessons and even finances from various stakeholders for better approaches to O&M, CBMS, and other tested rural water management models has been created through the DWSCC
    • linkage with lower level coordination committees, management and O&M structures has been created through the DWSCC
    • Harmonised approach – we allow use of known and tested management approaches, lessons learnt and new innovations
    • Harmonised reporting of outputs
  • 15. Challenges in coordination efforts
    • Attendance is sometimes low – due to other engagements
    • Commitment of other stakeholders is sometimes lacking
    • Financing - in case of a large committees is difficult
    • Conflict in roles – between stake holders can be detrimental
    • Differing approaches between stakeholders creates confusion for sustainable rural water service delivery
    • Some NGOs are not willing to fully share their work plans and budgets with the District
  • 16. How do we intend to improve coordination at District level?
    • Secure financing for the DWSCC – by encouraging contributions from member organisations
    • Make the DWSCC meetings more interesting and meaningful by introducing pre-meeting field visits
    • Create a resource team from within the membership of the DWSCC and its co-opted members
  • 17. How do we intend to improve coordination at District level?
    • Establishment of a functional Sub County Water and Sanitation Coordination Committee (SWSCC) for lower local government stakeholders;
    • this can be the opportunity to involve water management committees, School Management Committees (SMCs), Project Implementation Committees (PICs), Health Management Teams (HMTs), Parish Development Committees (PDCs), Village Health Teams (VHTs), Hand Pump Mechanics (HPMs), and local CBOs, NGOs and Civil society active at lower levels
  • 18. Conclusion
    • The DWSCC has enabled the District Water Department to improve on reporting on sector activities through contributions from stakeholders. It has also improved on resource allocation by minimising duplication; and enabled the department to deliver on its mandate even with a thin staff structure
  • 19. Conclusion
    • Harmonisation of approaches to implementation, operation and maintenance has NOT been fully achieved but there are remarkable improvements in software approaches. If achieved, harmonised approaches by all stakeholders can go along way in assuring sustained rural water supply service delivery.
  • 20. End Thank You for Listening