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Session Harmonization 2c - Jane Nimpamya part 2

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  • 1. Public Private Partnership for effective managementof water supply and sanitation services in small towns in Uganda
    by
    Jane Nimpamya
    Coordinator, APWO
  • 2. Content
    Content
  • Background
    Background
    Three management aspects were observed in the water reform process
    3. Services shall stay in the decentralization framework but reduce governmental burden
    2. Service provision is not economically viable for international operators
    Poor track record of Local Authorities in managing water systems
    Reform of Urban Water and Sanitation Sector
    (RUWASS)
    1999
    Private Sector
    Participation recognized
    Aims:
    • increased performance and cost effectiveness
    • 11. achieving the national development targets
    • 12. achieving the MDG goals
  • Private Water Operators in Uganda – a short overview
    Background
    In Uganda, bigger towns are managed by the parastatalNational Water & Sewage Company , NWSC, usually referred to under the name “National Water”.
    Smaller towns, though, are generally managed
    by Private Water Operators on the base of
    Management contracts with the Local
    Water Authority.
    At present, Private Water Operators manage
    water in 84 small towns throughout Uganda
    • including the former war zone areas
    in the north
    and in the troubled eastern part
    Almost all PWOs are organized in the Association of Private Water Operators (APWO).APWO was formed as a platform in 2002 with eight member companies and has now 21 PWO under her umbrella.
  • 13. Background
    The number of PWOs and towns managed by them have increased significantly in the last years
    This trend will continue due to high population growth -
    rural growth centers become towns.
  • 14. “Contract Management” is the basis for the work of PWOs
    Background
    MWE
    LocalGov’t
    The relation between the
    Ministry and the water
    authorities is determined
    in a performance contract.
    The duties of the Water Authority and the PWO is defined in a
    management contract.
    (= infrastructure remains
    with government)
    PWO
    Customer
    Both contracts set the framework
    for the relationship between PWO and customer.
  • 15. Background
    There is a strong institutional setting in order to control the work of the PWO
    reports
    MWE
    LocalGov’t
    institutes
    Guides,monitors, controls &
    trains
    WSS Board
    • Town Clerk
    • 16. Chair Social service Committee
    • 17. Representative domestic consumers
    • 18. Representative institutional consumers
    • 19. Representative other consumers
    reports
    APWO
    Functions:
    • Information exchange
    • 20. Capacity building
    • 21. “Think tank”
    • 22. counseling & guidance
    PWO
    controls
  • 23. Data Analysis
    Performance Indicators: Access to safe water I
    In the last years, substantial improvements were seen in the extension of pipelines (2009: 83 km).
    Accordingly, the number of
    total connections raised.
    Active Connections are about
    84% of total connections on
    average.
  • 24. Performance Indicators: Access to safe water II
    Data Analysis
    As the graphic demonstrates, also the delivery of water has significantly increased
    In the last years. At present, PWOs provide about 3 million liters for the public.
    Water supply (in million liters)
  • 25. Data Analysis
    Performance Indicators: Reporting
    Reporting is essential for providing a good information base for decision making on all levels, including the Ministry. In the past, this has been a great challenge.
    In 2001, only 36% of towns have reported at least once in a year. In 2009 this
    number is up to 85%
  • 26. Data Analysis
    Performance Indicators: Revenue Management I
    The last years have also brought a significant reduction of the average cost of producing water
    (from 2.057 UGX per m3 in 2006 to 766 in 2009).
  • 27. Data Analysis
    Performance Indicators: Revenue management II
  • 28. Data Analyses
    Performance indicators - Overview
    +
    -
    improved access to safe water
    improvements
    in record keeping and
    reporting
    reduced production costs
    increased performance in revenue management
    Pro-poor approaches for water
    supply in small towns not yet
    developed
    sanitation not well covered
    The reform of the water sector has broughtsignificant improvements for the population,
    but more needs to be done.
  • 29. Outlook
    How do we want PWOs to continue to improve ? (Examples)
    Issue
    Challenges
    Planned Activities
    improve billing
    Procure and install
    billing software for all
    member companies
    • Manual billing (mistakes)
    • 30. faulty meters
    less inadequate water
    • high O&M costs
    • 31. power failures
    • 32. environmental issues, climate change
    O&M
    Manual & training
    NRW-training
    pro-poor approach
    Prepaid-meter pilot together with MWE
    and development partners
    Awareness-campaign
    • better embed sanitation in service provision
    • 35. creating of win-win situations
    better coverageof sanitation
  • 36. Thank you for your attention