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Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)

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  • 1. Governance Prerequisites to Realising the Rural WASH MDGs Alastair Morrison UNDP Water Governance Facility at SIWI Kampala, 14th April 2010 Kampla
  • 2.
    • Millennium Development Goal 7 Target 7c
    • “ Halve the number of people without safe drinking water and sanitation”
    • Almost 1 billion people lack clean drinking water
    • 2.5 billion people have no access to hygienic sanitation facilities; 1.2 billion lack any sanitation facilities at all.
    • By 2015, over 784 million people need access to clean water
    • Each and every year, 173 million more people will need sanitation.
    • (Sources: UNICEF press kit, UNDP Human Development Report 2006)
    Water and Sanitation
  • 3.
    • But the world water crisis is rooted in poverty, power and inequality
    • Not physical availability
    • Better governance
    • is needed!
    The problem:
  • 4.
    • Technical programmes
    • Centralised state control
    • Privatisation
    • Decentralisation
    • Community based management
    • but
    • Sustainability still a major challenge
    Past approaches:
  • 5.
    • Range of stakeholders normally involved:
    • Central and local government
    • User groups
    • Communities and their leaders
    • Service providers
    • NGOs and CBOs
    • Private sector (spare parts suppliers, artisans)
    • Interlinked relationships – best governance?
    Today:
  • 6. Global programme identifying governance requisites to meet WASH MDGs:
  • 7.
    • Institutional prerequisites
    • agreed overall policy to addresses RWS, focussed on MDGs
    • national and local coverage targets set out
    • strategies and investment plans for RWS laid out and agreed
    • central and local government roles clearly defined
    • users’ role clearly defined to promote demand-responsive investments
    • operators and regulators independent
    • and balanced
    Rural Water Supply (RWS)
  • 8.
    • Operational prerequisites
    • hand pumps promoted that can be managed and operated locally
    • supply chain for spare parts efficiently organised, even in remote areas
    • specific management model for small and medium towns
    Rural Water Supply (RWS)
  • 9.
    • Operational prerequisites
    • professional support available for communities or small operators (i.e. regarding O&M issues, strategic planning etc)
    • local contractors and operators
    • (incl. NGOs) with sufficient
    • capacity to reach the MDGs
    Rural Water Supply (RWS)
  • 10.
    • Financial prerequisites
    • investment requirements to meet RWS MDGs assessed and agreed by stakeholders
    • financial flows in the sub-sector sufficient to reach the MDGs
    • cost-effective technical standards for small pipe systems
    • all O&M costs for RWS covered by the price of water charged
    • extension costs for RWS covered by price of water charged by RWS providers
    • financing mechanisms to encourage efficiency and improve targeting of investments in rural areas (e.g. local investment funds)
    Rural Water Supply (RWS)
  • 11.
    • Institutional prerequisites
    • Overall agreed policy to address RSH
    • Formal collaboration between Ministries in charge of sanitation and related Ministries (e.g. Health, Education)
    • Rural sanitation a priority in the PRSP
    • Institution to lead/coordinate
    • the rural sanitation sector
    Rural Sanitation and Hygiene(RSH)
  • 12.
    • Operational prerequisites
    • range of appropriate on-site sanitation facilities in use
    • supply chain of manufacturers and artisans (with trained technicians)
    • capacity to deliver sanitation and hygiene programs at levels required to meet MDGs
    • specific tools adapted for use to promote S&H in rural areas and small towns
    Rural Sanitation and Hygiene(RSH)
  • 13.
    • Financial prerequisites
    • investment requirements to meet RWS MDGs assessed and agreed by major stakeholders
    • financial flows in the sub-sector sufficient to reach MDGs
    • on-site sanitation facilities that are promoted through national programs affordable to poor households
    • specific government budget allocations to RSH linked to and commensurate with the MDG/PRSP target outcomes
    Rural Sanitation and Hygiene(RSH)
  • 14.
    • Sector Coordination and Dialogue
    • functioning coordination framework between Government and donors
    • harmonised donor approaches and procedures
    • civil society organisations in decision making at national level
    • regular joint donor/government sector reviews
    Overall sector sustainability
  • 15.
    • Information, Monitoring and Evaluation
    • clear agreement on definitions for WSS targets
      • (national and provincial levels)
    • regular data collection mechanism to assess WSS coverage
      • (household surveys, with disaggregated data - eg on gender)
    • poverty benefits from WSS interventions understood
      • (esp by Planning / Finance ministries – SWA meeting next week)
    • monitoring of inputs vs outputs
      • (finance – allocation and utilisation)
    • specific unit within the WSS Ministry responsible for M&E
    Overall sector sustainability
  • 16.
    • Transparency
    • transparency ensured in the sector, especially at the local/district level, for water supply
    • (e.g. publicly available documentation, open process for public comments, corruption being addressed)
    Overall sector sustainability
  • 17.
    • Particular challenges
    • Range of non-state actors
    • Insecurity
    • Access
    • Oversight
    • Nevertheless
    • progress
    • essential for global
    • MDG targets
    Fragile States
  • 18. Water Supply Progress
  • 19. Sanitation Progress
  • 20. Elements for Success:
    • Wide range of governance issues
    • as strong as its weakest link?
    • Water governance links to wider governance
    • State building
    • Transparency
    • Gender and equity
    • National Budget planning
    • MDG progress reporting
    • Advocate outside our own sector
    • Promote the benefits of WASH to other sectors
    • Financial benefits of our work
    • Sanitation and Water for All – Global Framework for Action
  • 21. Access to Water Supply & Sanitation matters ! Human Development is more closely linked to WatSan than any other variable, including health, education, gender equality and access to modern energy services “ The successful tackling of the WSS crises could trigger the next leap forward in human development” UNDP Human Development Report 2006
  • 22. Thank you!

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