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Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)
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Session Governance - uganda rural water governance undp wgf (pp tminimizer)

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  • 1. Governance Prerequisites to Realising the Rural WASH MDGs Alastair Morrison UNDP Water Governance Facility at SIWI Kampala, 14th April 2010 Kampla
  • 2. <ul><li>Millennium Development Goal 7 Target 7c </li></ul><ul><li>“ Halve the number of people without safe drinking water and sanitation” </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 1 billion people lack clean drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 billion people have no access to hygienic sanitation facilities; 1.2 billion lack any sanitation facilities at all. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2015, over 784 million people need access to clean water </li></ul><ul><li>Each and every year, 173 million more people will need sanitation. </li></ul><ul><li>(Sources: UNICEF press kit, UNDP Human Development Report 2006) </li></ul>Water and Sanitation
  • 3. <ul><li>But the world water crisis is rooted in poverty, power and inequality </li></ul><ul><li>Not physical availability </li></ul><ul><li>Better governance </li></ul><ul><li>is needed! </li></ul>The problem:
  • 4. <ul><li>Technical programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Centralised state control </li></ul><ul><li>Privatisation </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralisation </li></ul><ul><li>Community based management </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability still a major challenge </li></ul>Past approaches:
  • 5. <ul><li>Range of stakeholders normally involved: </li></ul><ul><li>Central and local government </li></ul><ul><li>User groups </li></ul><ul><li>Communities and their leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Service providers </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs and CBOs </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector (spare parts suppliers, artisans) </li></ul><ul><li>Interlinked relationships – best governance? </li></ul>Today:
  • 6. Global programme identifying governance requisites to meet WASH MDGs:
  • 7. <ul><li>Institutional prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>agreed overall policy to addresses RWS, focussed on MDGs </li></ul><ul><li>national and local coverage targets set out </li></ul><ul><li>strategies and investment plans for RWS laid out and agreed </li></ul><ul><li>central and local government roles clearly defined </li></ul><ul><li>users’ role clearly defined to promote demand-responsive investments </li></ul><ul><li>operators and regulators independent </li></ul><ul><li>and balanced </li></ul>Rural Water Supply (RWS)
  • 8. <ul><li>Operational prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>hand pumps promoted that can be managed and operated locally </li></ul><ul><li>supply chain for spare parts efficiently organised, even in remote areas </li></ul><ul><li>specific management model for small and medium towns </li></ul>Rural Water Supply (RWS)
  • 9. <ul><li>Operational prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>professional support available for communities or small operators (i.e. regarding O&M issues, strategic planning etc) </li></ul><ul><li>local contractors and operators </li></ul><ul><li>(incl. NGOs) with sufficient </li></ul><ul><li>capacity to reach the MDGs </li></ul>Rural Water Supply (RWS)
  • 10. <ul><li>Financial prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>investment requirements to meet RWS MDGs assessed and agreed by stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>financial flows in the sub-sector sufficient to reach the MDGs </li></ul><ul><li>cost-effective technical standards for small pipe systems </li></ul><ul><li>all O&M costs for RWS covered by the price of water charged </li></ul><ul><li>extension costs for RWS covered by price of water charged by RWS providers </li></ul><ul><li>financing mechanisms to encourage efficiency and improve targeting of investments in rural areas (e.g. local investment funds) </li></ul>Rural Water Supply (RWS)
  • 11. <ul><li>Institutional prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>Overall agreed policy to address RSH </li></ul><ul><li>Formal collaboration between Ministries in charge of sanitation and related Ministries (e.g. Health, Education) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural sanitation a priority in the PRSP </li></ul><ul><li>Institution to lead/coordinate </li></ul><ul><li>the rural sanitation sector </li></ul>Rural Sanitation and Hygiene(RSH)
  • 12. <ul><li>Operational prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>range of appropriate on-site sanitation facilities in use </li></ul><ul><li>supply chain of manufacturers and artisans (with trained technicians) </li></ul><ul><li>capacity to deliver sanitation and hygiene programs at levels required to meet MDGs </li></ul><ul><li>specific tools adapted for use to promote S&H in rural areas and small towns </li></ul>Rural Sanitation and Hygiene(RSH)
  • 13. <ul><li>Financial prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>investment requirements to meet RWS MDGs assessed and agreed by major stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>financial flows in the sub-sector sufficient to reach MDGs </li></ul><ul><li>on-site sanitation facilities that are promoted through national programs affordable to poor households </li></ul><ul><li>specific government budget allocations to RSH linked to and commensurate with the MDG/PRSP target outcomes </li></ul>Rural Sanitation and Hygiene(RSH)
  • 14. <ul><li>Sector Coordination and Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>functioning coordination framework between Government and donors </li></ul><ul><li>harmonised donor approaches and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>civil society organisations in decision making at national level </li></ul><ul><li>regular joint donor/government sector reviews </li></ul>Overall sector sustainability
  • 15. <ul><li>Information, Monitoring and Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>clear agreement on definitions for WSS targets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(national and provincial levels) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>regular data collection mechanism to assess WSS coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(household surveys, with disaggregated data - eg on gender) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>poverty benefits from WSS interventions understood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(esp by Planning / Finance ministries – SWA meeting next week) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>monitoring of inputs vs outputs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(finance – allocation and utilisation) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>specific unit within the WSS Ministry responsible for M&E </li></ul>Overall sector sustainability
  • 16. <ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>transparency ensured in the sector, especially at the local/district level, for water supply </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. publicly available documentation, open process for public comments, corruption being addressed) </li></ul>Overall sector sustainability
  • 17. <ul><li>Particular challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Range of non-state actors </li></ul><ul><li>Insecurity </li></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><li>Oversight </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless </li></ul><ul><li>progress </li></ul><ul><li>essential for global </li></ul><ul><li>MDG targets </li></ul>Fragile States
  • 18. Water Supply Progress
  • 19. Sanitation Progress
  • 20. Elements for Success: <ul><li>Wide range of governance issues </li></ul><ul><li>as strong as its weakest link? </li></ul><ul><li>Water governance links to wider governance </li></ul><ul><li>State building </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and equity </li></ul><ul><li>National Budget planning </li></ul><ul><li>MDG progress reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate outside our own sector </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the benefits of WASH to other sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Financial benefits of our work </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation and Water for All – Global Framework for Action </li></ul>
  • 21. Access to Water Supply & Sanitation matters ! Human Development is more closely linked to WatSan than any other variable, including health, education, gender equality and access to modern energy services “ The successful tackling of the WSS crises could trigger the next leap forward in human development” UNDP Human Development Report 2006
  • 22. Thank you!

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