Principals and Best Practice for realizing Gender Inclusion and Equity in Sustainable Water and Sanitation Services in Afr...
<ul><li>Outline the importance of Gender and its relevance Sustainable Rural Water Services </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight Go...
Presentation Outline Understanding Gender Why Gender in WSS in Africa? Gaps and Best Practices Principles
What do we mean by gender? <ul><li>Gender can defined as the process of the society assigning different roles and responsi...
Gender differs from sex SEX GENDER Natural Cultural Inborn Acquired Doesn’t change to the extent of performing sex roles I...
Gender differences in WSS Men Women Identify water points for animals Fetch water for domestic use Are consulted where to ...
African Gender Tree Fruit One woman chairperson in a total of 20 water points committees;  No women involved in productive...
Presentation Outline Understanding Gender Why Gender in WSS in Africa? Gaps and Best Practices Principles
Why Gender in WSS in Africa? <ul><li>Gender one aspect of identity that results in marginalization and poverty; time pover...
Presentation Outline Understanding Gender Why Gender in WSS in Africa? Gaps and Best Practices  Principles
Gaps <ul><li>WSP Africa supported gender reviews with AMCOW members in September 2009 - observed gaps included </li></ul><...
Policy level good practice Gender policies and ministries to oversee sector level mainstreaming Existence of policies to i...
Institutional good practice Dedicated budget and human resources such as focal points for gender mainstreaming, capacity b...
Community good practice Capacity strengthening targeting women, youth and marginalized groups to engage in WSS management ...
Presentation Outline Understanding Gender Why Gender in WSS in Africa? Gaps and Best Practices  Principles
Gender Management System <ul><ul><li>Enabling Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy and political will </li></...
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Session Governance - Principles for gender mainstreaming rural water symposium april 14th 2010

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Session Governance - Principles for gender mainstreaming rural water symposium april 14th 2010

  1. 1. Principals and Best Practice for realizing Gender Inclusion and Equity in Sustainable Water and Sanitation Services in Africa Rosemary Rop Water and Sanitation Program-Africa April 14 th , 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>Outline the importance of Gender and its relevance Sustainable Rural Water Services </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight Good Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest Principles </li></ul>Presentation Objectives
  3. 3. Presentation Outline Understanding Gender Why Gender in WSS in Africa? Gaps and Best Practices Principles
  4. 4. What do we mean by gender? <ul><li>Gender can defined as the process of the society assigning different roles and responsibilities to men, women, boys and girls </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gender differs from sex SEX GENDER Natural Cultural Inborn Acquired Doesn’t change to the extent of performing sex roles Is Dynamic Is God given Is taught by society through social institutions Is Universal Is Culture Specific
  6. 6. Gender differences in WSS Men Women Identify water points for animals Fetch water for domestic use Are consulted where to locate and also how to design have communal water points Own no land and cannot make decisions on positions for water points Are natural leaders and should be majority in Watsan committees and decision making in the sector. Are shy and natural followers and should not be exposed to leadership even in Watsan committees or in decision making Men are involved when water and sanitation acquires an economic and productive status. Women require access to water and sanitation for domestic use and social welfare only.
  7. 7. African Gender Tree Fruit One woman chairperson in a total of 20 water points committees; No women involved in productive water activities; Many women attend communal meetings but very few of them contribute ideas Trunk Channels: Family, Church, Songs and stories Schools, Language Roots Beliefs, Stereotypes & Practices Men are alert/ leaders/ discuss   Fruit Trunk Roots
  8. 8. Presentation Outline Understanding Gender Why Gender in WSS in Africa? Gaps and Best Practices Principles
  9. 9. Why Gender in WSS in Africa? <ul><li>Gender one aspect of identity that results in marginalization and poverty; time poverty and inequality </li></ul><ul><li>For sustainable and equitable development, re: WSP/UNDP study of 88 rural communities </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure tapping of all human resource in the development and address differential impact on both process and impact of development outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Est. 40 billion hours a year are spent collecting water in Sub-Saharan Africa (Human Development Report, 2006) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Presentation Outline Understanding Gender Why Gender in WSS in Africa? Gaps and Best Practices Principles
  11. 11. Gaps <ul><li>WSP Africa supported gender reviews with AMCOW members in September 2009 - observed gaps included </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>weaknesses within organizational structures, human and other resources allocation; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>weak capacity for data collection, analysis, monitoring and evaluation to inform action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the absence of mechanisms to cross fertilize best practice within and between countries </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Policy level good practice Gender policies and ministries to oversee sector level mainstreaming Existence of policies to incorporate gender in the management of water Affirmative action policies to realize equal representation in decision making at all levels in the sector Gender targets to realize economic development through water for productive uses
  13. 13. Institutional good practice Dedicated budget and human resources such as focal points for gender mainstreaming, capacity building and strategy implementation Institutional reviews to ensure that human resources are balanced within ministries to reflect parity Gender working groups comprising non state actors chaired by the ministry of water to support gender mainstreaming Human resource policies that support affirmative action or provide equal opportunity to both men and women and respect special needs (paternity, maternity leave) Outreach to feeding institutions, e.g. Women in Science, modeling to girls to pursue technical subjects to engage in the sector Sector agencies define strategies to address gender at community level, and ensure their voices are heard at all levels of project implementation and management
  14. 14. Community good practice Capacity strengthening targeting women, youth and marginalized groups to engage in WSS management Strengthening autonomy of women and their self determination with respect to usage, selection of service types, levels of service and cost Creating a framework of cooperation between men and women in society to exploit capacity of both
  15. 15. Presentation Outline Understanding Gender Why Gender in WSS in Africa? Gaps and Best Practices Principles
  16. 16. Gender Management System <ul><ul><li>Enabling Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy and political will </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate human and financial resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Process and Action Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing and implementing a gender action plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mechanisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender training (Awareness lever) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management Information System (communication lever) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance Appraisal System (boundaries and incentive levers) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutions and Human resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender Working Group in Ministry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender Focal Points </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Thank You for Your Attention!

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