Next generation of global approaches  to WASH monitoring
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Next generation of global approaches to WASH monitoring

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By Rolf Luyendijk, UNICEF-New York and Didier Allély-Fermé, WHO-Geneva ...

By Rolf Luyendijk, UNICEF-New York and Didier Allély-Fermé, WHO-Geneva
WHO/UNICEF JMP. Prepared for the Monitoring sustainable WASH service delivery symposium, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9-11 April 2013.

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  • 1. Next generation of global approaches to WASH monitoring Rolf Luyendijk, UNICEF-New York & Didier Allély-Fermé WHO-Geneva WHO/UNICEF JMP IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013
  • 2. Overview• Monitoring principles• Some criteria for next generation of global monitoring• JMP lessons learned from inter-country monitoring IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 AMCOW Meeting Addis Ababa, 7/8 April 2013 2 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 2
  • 3. Monitoring challenges principles• Monitoring is a means to an end Action: Accountability, Tracking, Planning/Priority setting, Assessment/Learning, Advocacy• Define monitoring purpose first Identify Audience and Actions• Focus: Limit the information to collect Apply ‘need to know’ vs. ‘nice to know’ criteria• Every indicator has a cost Cost of debating, harmonizing, collecting, analyzing, etc. IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 AMCOW Meeting Addis Ababa, 7/8 April 2013 3 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 3
  • 4. JMP monitoring challenge Purpose and Audience• Purpose: Tracking/Accountability + Advocacy• Audience: Global and High Level National Policymakers + WASH sector specialists• Data sources: National Censuses, Household Surveys• Analyses: – National, Regional, Global, Urban/Rural trends in access – occasional ‘interesting’ analyses for advocacy• Strength or weakness? : Focus IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 AMCOW Meeting Addis Ababa, 7/8 April 2013 4 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 4
  • 5. JMP example of ad hoc analysisEthiopia drinking water trends by wealth quintiles IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 AMCOW Meeting Addis Ababa, 7/8 April 2013 5 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 5
  • 6. How much monitoring is needed at which level? Global Regional Regional National National Programme monitoring Programme monitoring IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 6 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 6
  • 7. Determines what needs to be aggregated and harmonized Global Regional Regional National National Programme monitoring Programme monitoring IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 7 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 7
  • 8. Some criteria for next generation of global approaches to monitoring• Relevant for Global or Regional Action to trigger National Action• Buy-in and national ownership for accountability• Accurate, independently verifiable, transparent• Human Rights- based – Widely applicable (not only to the Global South)• Monitoring ≠ Reporting – What’s in it for me?• Frequency (susceptibility to change)• Not all countries need to report to make a case IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 AMCOW Meeting Addis Ababa, 7/8 April 2013 8 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 8
  • 9. Example of global accountability monitoring IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 AMCOW Meeting Addis Ababa, 7/8 April 2013 9 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 9
  • 10. Post-2015 global approaches to monitoringSummary proposed post-2015 WASH targets:1.Everyone has water, sanitation and hygiene at home;2.All schools and health centers have water, sanitation andhygiene;•No one practices open defecation;1.Inequalities in sustainable access to water, sanitation andhygiene are eliminated or reduced2.The excreta from at least half of the improved facilities issafely managed IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 AMCOW Meeting Addis Ababa, 7/8 April 2013 10 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 10
  • 11. Post-2015 global approaches to monitoring• Monitoring as basis for an accountability framework• Use of household surveys for monitoring access is inherently Rights-Based• Explore multiple information sources for triangulation • E.g. Citizen reporting, social audits, national inventory, regulator data etc.• Evidence from studies/research needs to be given more prominence in global reports IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 AMCOW Meeting Addis Ababa, 7/8 April 2013 11 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 11
  • 12. JMP Lessons Learned from inter-country monitoring• National harmonization of data collection mechanisms, definitions and indicators – NSO + line-Ministries + service providers – Full disaggregation of data + alignment• Representativeness of the data – National data vs. Accountability data from line-Ministries – Population-based vs. service provider data• Reliability of the data – Transparency/replicability of collection mechanisms and assumptions• Comparability over time for trend analysis IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 12 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 12
  • 13. Example of alignment and data reconciliation (Burkina Faso) Type de point d’eau Points d’eau (X = Point d’eau amélioré) (base ENA 2010) Politique JMP Nationale Urbain Rural All areas Robinet intérieur propre (branchement domestique X X X individuel) Robinet intérieur partagé (branchement domestique X X partagé) Robinet dans une autre cour (robinet du voisin hors la X X concession) Borne fontaine X X X Forage (équipé d’une pompe à motricité humaine) X X Puits modernes (puits protégé) X X Puits traditionnels (puits non protégé) barrage/rivière (eau de surface) Autres, à préciser Additional criteria : Within 1 kilometer IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 13 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 13
  • 14. Example of alignment and data reconciliation (Burkina Faso)Eau : Estimations Rural Eau : Estimations Rural Méthode JMP Méthode corrigée (Données 2010) (Données 2010) Additional criteria : Time to source within 30 minutes IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 14 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 14
  • 15. Example of alignment and data reconciliation (Burkina Faso) JMP method JMP data Country National policy estimatesUrban 95% 80% 84% Additional Exclusion of : •boreholes, criteria •protected wells, •protected springs, •tap from neighbor outside yardRural 73% 59% 63% Additional Tim e do source < 30’ Within 1 km criteria IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 15 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 15
  • 16. JMP Lessons Learned from inter-country monitoring• Inter-country comparison is implicit and difficult to make explicit – without national buy-in• We present facts – but don’t pass judgment• National buy-in and ownership present more opportunities for action and accountability• Technical Advisory Groups and Task Forces are crucial to maintaining quality and independence (data police?)• Short focused compelling reports and graphs are effective in reaching audiences and triggering action IRC Symposium Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, Post-2015 Them atic Consultations on Water, Monrovia, Liberia 29-30 January 2013 16 Addis Ababa, 9-11 April 2013 16