Mpumalanga - South Africa

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Action-Orientated Local Municipal Sanitation Working Groups in Mpumalanga Province - S.A.

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Mpumalanga - South Africa

  1. 1. <ul><li>SEMINAR OF PRACTIOINERS ON HOUSEHOLD AND SCHOOL SANITATION AND HYGIENE – EAST AND SOUTHERN AFRICA </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION-ORIENTATED LOCAL MUNICIPAL SANITATION WORKING GROUPS IN MPUMALANGA PROVINCE - S.A. </li></ul><ul><li>19 November 2007 – Moshi, Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Presented by Linda Tyers </li></ul>
  2. 2. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT <ul><ul><li>S.A. CONTEXT – Government driven, strongly informed by constituted local government structures and plans within national objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPUMALANGA CONTEXT – One of nine provinces and comprises +/-10% (+/- 4,2mill) of SA population, borders Mozambique & Swaziland, farming land and former tribal areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LOCAL SANITATION WORKING GROUPS – Established in 18 local municipalities of province </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. NELSPRUIT - CAPITAL OF MPUMALANGA
  4. 4. TYPICAL VILLAGE DWELLING
  5. 5. TYPICAL VILLAGE TOILET
  6. 6. COMPONENTS OF SUSTAINABLE SANITATION SUSTAINABLE SANITATION ( Health & Dignity ) TECHNOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS SOCIAL DIMENSIONS ENVIRONMENTAL DIMENSIONS HEALTH DIMENSIONS
  7. 7. TACKLING SANITATION ACROSS ALL SETTLEMENT TYPES COLLECTION FACILITY APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY RURAL -------------------- PERI-URBAN ------------------- URBAN (INFORMAL) APPROPRIATE FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS REMOVAL MECHANISM TREATMENT OPTIONS MED DENSITY HIGH DENSITY LOW DENSITY ? “ VIPs” “ flush” ? NB Planning Focus Areas
  8. 8. IMPLEMENTATION GOAL = DELIVERY with SERVICE Providers “ servicing” End-users Providers “ construction” Government “ policy” Government “ policy” Delivery Service - FUNDED VS. CONTRIBUTIONS - OPERATIONAL LOGISTICS - SUPPLY VS. DEMAND - ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES - DIFFERENT “PROVIDER TYPES” - SUSTAINABILITY
  9. 9. IMPLEMENTATION METHODOLOGY : MUNICIPAL “SUPPORT VEHICLE” PLANNING IMPLEMENTATION WSA SANITATION WORKING GROUP
  10. 10. WSA SANITATION WORKING GROUP AIMS 3. Ensure economic development & accelerated service delivery 2. Ensure monitoring of technical and social implementation Vs. expenditure <ul><li>Ensure sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>planning & implementation </li></ul><ul><li>skills transfer “on the job” </li></ul>
  11. 11. TOOLS TO ENHANCE IMPLEMENTATION WSDP UPDATED Tool 5 WSA WORKING GROUP Tool 7 CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Tool 6 WSA WORKING GROUP AGENDA Tool 8 HEALTH & USER EDUCATION Tool 9 MONTHLY M&E PROGRESS REPORT Tool 1 WSDP SAN STRATEGY Tool 2 MIG TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY Tool 4 PROJECT APPRAISAL Tool 3 W/B FEASIBILITY CRITERIA PROJECT APPROVAL PLANNING IMPLEMENTATION
  12. 12. EG. TOOL 2: Technical Report Format <ul><li>EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (3 - project motivation) </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>PROJECT DETAILS </li></ul><ul><li>STATUS QUO (1 - backlog baseline) </li></ul><ul><li>PLANNED SCOPE OF WORKS (2 -backlog intervention) </li></ul><ul><li>MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>CONFORMITY TO POLICY GUIDELINES </li></ul><ul><li>COST ESTIMATE </li></ul><ul><li>TIME SCHEDULE </li></ul><ul><li>REPORTING, MONITORING AND EVALUATION </li></ul><ul><li>… THEN COMPLETE MIG REGISTRATION FORM… </li></ul>
  13. 13. PROVINCIAL SANITATION STRATEGY = PROVINCIAL GAME PLAN MUNICIPAL SAN STRATEGIES = INDIVIDUAL GAME PLANS SUSTAINABLE SANITATION SERVICE DELIVERY CONCEPT TO CONSTRUCTION ALIGNMENT AT A PROVINCIAL LEVEL SAN STRAT SAN STRAT SAN STRAT SAN STRAT
  14. 14. Local economic development – community based VIP pedestal making
  15. 15. Community based VIP pit digging and lining
  16. 16. Community based inter-locking wedge block making & pit lining
  17. 17. Local economic development – community based VIP slab casting
  18. 18. Local economic development – community based VIP slab casting
  19. 19. Local economic development – community based inter-locking block making for VIP top structures
  20. 20. Municipal mentorship – site inspection of inter-locking block VIPs
  21. 21. Pre-cast concrete paneled VIPs – community based pit lining, slab & pedestal casting and assembly teams
  22. 22. Combination of professional & emerging service providers on waterborne & bucket eradication
  23. 23. SANITATION LESSONS LEARNED <ul><li>Topography, village densities, locations and people all vary from area to area </li></ul><ul><li>In sanitation no one size fits all </li></ul><ul><li>Standardize the approach and the vehicle through which to plan, implement, share skills and monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Use and mentorship of LEC versus PSP </li></ul>
  24. 24. SANITATION LESSONS LEARNED <ul><li>Gather backlog baseline data and move from project to programme approach following grant funding application format for multiyear projects including all key policy aspects, costing and implementation methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Include all stakeholders at local level and meet in villages every two weeks to once per month to monitor and support emerging providers and track progress and bottlenecks vs. expenditure and quality </li></ul>
  25. 25. ONGOING SANITATION CHALLNEGES <ul><li>Success requires a local sanitation champion or driver to maintain momentum. </li></ul><ul><li>The pressure of targets and high amounts of allocated funding is leading to compromise in monitoring real outputs of quality and service </li></ul><ul><li>There is a serious lack of skilled capacity to manage and sustain sanitation infrastructure in the longer term – and very high turn over of officials and service providers (+2010 soccer) </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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