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Learning for Practice and Policy in Sanitation

Learning for Practice and Policy in Sanitation



Learning from experiences and new approaches with all stakeholders is a promising component to improve investment effectiveness and also harmonisation and collaboration. ...

Learning from experiences and new approaches with all stakeholders is a promising component to improve investment effectiveness and also harmonisation and collaboration.

IRC with SNV Uganda and NETWAS Uganda is introducing this learning in several districts in Uganda. This power point presentation introduces the learning approach (LeaPPS) to district stakeholders.
Presentation at inception meeting for the LeaPPS programme in Uganda, July 2007



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    Learning for Practice and Policy in Sanitation Learning for Practice and Policy in Sanitation Presentation Transcript

    • Learning for Practice and Policy in Sanitation LeaPPS -towards accelerated coverage and use in household and school sanitation and hygiene Version Inception Session-1 July 2007 By Jo Smet, IRC Int. Water & Sanitation Centre
    • The household sanitation situation in Uganda DHS=Demographic & Health Survey Uganda Bureau of Statistics
    • Overall observations Household Sanitation
      • Using DHS data: hardly coverage increase
      • What about your district and sub-county?
      • Latrine coverage range (JSR 2006): 2% (Kotido) to 95% (Rukungiri)
      • Lowest coverage in Northern and North-Eastern districts
      • No data on use of latrines
    • School sanitation and hygiene
      • UPE high increase in enrolment
      • Most Primary Schools separate girls, boys and teachers latrines
      • Physical and hygienic condition latrines questionable to poor; cleaning frequency too low for high usage
      • So privacy older girls not ensured: risk for absenteeism
      • Urinals only for boys
      • Limited no. of latrines for students with physical disabilities
      • About 60% of Primary Schools do not have hand washing facilities; 80% do not have adequate water supply
      • What about your district and sub-county?
    • School sanitation situation: pupils per stance
    • Good practices in Uganda
      • For instance,
      • Rakai District,Nsumba village (“cleanest in Uganda”)
      • Kabale District, Kigezi Diocese (women groups)
      • Busia District - Dabani sub-county (Local Gov’t through bye-laws)
      • Gulu District - IDP Camps Health Clubs - CARE
      • HEWASA; VAD; Busoga Trust
      • PPP on Hand-washing campaign
      • Good practices in your district or sub-county, please share and we all learn
    • Enabling environment household and school sanitation and hygiene
      • Adequate policy environment
      • Kampala Declaration on Sanitation (1997): vision, 10 strategic actions and political will
      • What about support from your councillors?
      • National strategy for financing of Improved Sanitation and Hygiene (ISH)
      • MoU between ministries dealing with water, sanitation, health and education
      • Pro-active National Sanitation Working Group
      • How pro-active is your DWSC?
      • Active WASH Cluster of NGOs/UN active in North Uganda
      • Several good information products (production supported by Development Partners e.g. WSP, UNICEF, WaterAid)
      • Capacity building: project-specific not coordinated
    • Areas for improvement-1
      • Functioning of District Water and Sanitation Committees in planning, harmonisation, coordination and implementation
      • Involvement district and sub-county ‘champions’ and local politicians ( councillors , MPs)
      • Involvement of NGOs and Private Sector in district and sub-county coordination
      • Harmonisation of funding from different sources at district level - being worked on!
      • Capacity Building: from project-specific to harmonisation and coordination
      • Training materials : coordination in production and sharing
    • Areas for improvement-2
      • Use of National Guidelines at decentralised levels
      • Communication between national and district
      • Documenting and versioning of good practices for practitioners and field staff
      • Sharing of good practices with practitioners and field staff; trans-district learning
      • Sharing of non-Ugandan good practices
      • Joint learning for effective practice/implementation (at district/sub-county level);
      • Learning for policy reform and strategy reformulation (at national and district level)
    • Learning for Practice at District level Sharing Learning NGO NGO NGO NGO Private Sector Private Sector TSU Water Council Education Health District Water and Sanitation Committee PLUS Communication to/from national level Communication to/from sub-county level politicians champion
    • Learning for Practice at Sub-county level Sharing Learning NGO CBO CBO CBO Private Sector Private Sector CBO Council Education Health Sub-county Water and Sanitation Committee PLUS Communication to/from district level Communication to/from village/schools level Implementation and feedback Implementation and feedback politicians champion
    • Learning structures for Practice and Policy Community level: Focus Household Sanitation & Behaviour Primary Schools: Focus Sanitation Facilities & Hygiene Behaviour Sub-county level Multi-stakeholder Learning Team District Water and Sanitation Committee PLUS National Sanitation Working Group Regional level Multi-stakeholder Learning Platform (AfriSan plus) Information/Resource Centres/PS outputs: Info Products & Services Learning Facilitation Capacity Building
    • Multi-stakeholder learning platforms -why?
      • If you always do what you did,
      • you will always get what you got!
    • Multi-stakeholder learning platforms -why/what?
      • break down barriers to both horizontal and vertical info sharing
      • speed up processes of identification, development and uptake of innovation
      • carry out innovation and learning within a group of practitioners, researchers, policy makers and dev’t partners, the ‘engine’ for uptake and replication
      • ensure innovation in realistic context (institutional, organisational, financial) for a given district, small town or city for quick uptake and upscaling
      • create an honest and open environment to share lessons learned – particularly failures
      • create an environment in which flexibility and adaptation to local circumstances become the norm when dealing with complex problems
    • Multi-stakeholder learning platforms -what?
      • If you want to get what you have not got,
      • you will have to do what you have not done!
    • Action Learning Cycle Source: Gonzalez & Meitner
    • Expected Outputs & Outcomes
      • Functioning and effective Multi-Stakeholder platforms at district (DWSC) and sub-county level (SCWSC?)
      • Effective learning&sharing methods developed and applied at EA-regional, national, district and sub-county level
      • More harmonised and coordinated approaches and support (demand-responsive) with clear roles for NGOs and private sector
      • More cost-effective household and school sanitation programmes from innovative approaches
      • Cost-effective and innovative capacity building methods and materials at district and sub-county Versioned information and documentation products for practice and policy on good HH / school sanitation and hygiene
      • Learning, capacity building and information management in Ugandan WASH sector institutionalised and coordinated (beyond this project)
    • Expected Effects
      • Responsibility for sanitation and hygiene at household and school management
      • Increased HH/school latrine coverage
      • Increased and sustainable latrine use
      • Improved sanitation and hygiene behaviour
      • Functioning district and sub-county multi-stakeholder learning teams
      • Effective communication and support national <--> district <-->sub-county
      • Effective planning, implementation and monitoring systems
      • Reformulated policies and strategies (harmonised and coordinated)
    • LeaPPS Uganda: partnership of IRC, SNV and NETWAS Ug
      • All learning organisations (NGOs)
      • All supportive to WASH sector
      • Focus on improving local processes for practice/ implementation, cost-effectiveness and sustainability, policy/strategies/approaches through:
        • Innovation, knowledge management, learning processes, capacity building, advocacy by IRC
        • Capacity development, supporting local organisations including private sector by SNV
        • Knowledge management & info sharing (products, services and channels), capacity building by NETWAS Uganda