KEYNOTE - Moriarty Kampala Uganda symposium
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KEYNOTE - Moriarty Kampala Uganda symposium Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Kampala, Uganda, 13 to 15 April 2010International Symposium on Sustainable Rural Water ServicesWhat’s in a service? Using water service ladders in life-cycle cost analysis
    Dr. Patrick Moriarty
    IRC, Ghana
  • 2. Description of programme
    A five year action research programme.
    Working in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mozambique and India (Andhra Pradesh).
    Researching the FULL Life-Cycle Costs (LCC) of providing Rural and Peri-Urban (Domestic) Water and Sanitation Services, and ….
    Identifying ways in which this information can be used to improve service delivery
  • 3. Disaggregated Life Cycle Costs
    Life Cycle Costs Components
    Capital expenditure (CapEx): hardware and software
    Operational and minor maintenance expenditure (OpEx)
    Capital maintenance expenditure (CapManEx)– rehabilitation, replacement
    Direct support costs – post construction activities, household expenditures
    Indirect support cost – macro level planning and policy formulation
    Costs of capital – costs of loans
  • 4. What is a domestic water service?
    A water service is the water provided to people… typically defined in terms of:
    quantity and quality; accessibility and reliability
    Service ≠ Technology
    though there are strong links between the two:
    Hand-pumps normally represent one level of service;
    Taps in houses another.
  • 5. Service levels and ladders
    A service level is a group of indicators that together establish a normative benchmark for service delivery.
    (e.g. 20l/p/d of WHO quality water within 500m of the dwelling and shared by no more than 300 people)
    A service ladder is a series of service levels grouped to convey the impression (or intention) of progress from one level to the next.
    Establishing service levels is a political process.
  • 6. Water service levels
  • 7. Existing JMP ladder
    Piped water on premises: Piped household water connection located inside the user's dwelling,
    Piped
    Other improved drinking water sources: Public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs or rainwater collection.
    Improved
    Unimproved drinking water sources: Unprotected dug well, unprotected spring, cart with small tank/drum, surface water (river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal, irrigation channels), and bottled water.
    Unimproved
  • 8. The WASHCost Water Service Ladder
    High service: people access a minimum of 60l/c/d of high quality water on demand
    High
    Intermediate service: people access a minimum of 40l/c/d of acceptable quality water from an improved source spending no more that 30 minutes per day
    Intermediate
    Basic service: people access a minimum of 20l/c/d of acceptable quality water from an improved source spending no more that 30 minutes per day
    Basic
    Sub-standard service: people access a service that is an improvement on having no service at all, but fails to meet the basic standard on one or more criteria
    Sub-standard
    No service
    No service: people access water from insecure or unimproved sources, or sources that are too distant, time consuming or are of poor quality
  • 9. WASHCost proposed indicators
  • 10. Service levels in WASHCost countries
  • 11. Example from Ghana
    Coverage:
    Access (population): Yes
    Access (distance): No
    Reliability: No??? (none working when visited)
    Quantity: No/Yes??
    (average wet/dry – domestic/non-domestic)
  • 12. Conclusions and next steps
    To compare the costs of services it is first necessary to agree on a definition of the service.
    A generic service ladder has been developed based on examples of norms used in the WASHCost countries and linked to the JMP ladder.
    The usefulness of the service ladder will be further tested by WASHCost.
  • 13. For more information:
    www.washcost.info
    Working paper no.2
    Thank You