ETHIOPIA
PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE ON DIRECT FINANCING OF COMMUNITIES IN RWSEP International Symposium on Rural Water Services Speke Res...
Outline of the presentation <ul><li>1. General description of  Amhara Region  </li></ul><ul><li>2. RWSEP </li></ul><ul><li...
1. General description of  Amhara Region  <ul><li>It is one of the 11 administrative regions in Ethiopia. </li></ul><ul><l...
2. RWSEP <ul><li>Is an abbreviation for  Rural Water Supply & Environmental Program . </li></ul><ul><li>Ethio - Finnish bi...
3. What is Direct Financing of Communities? <ul><li>funding agency (donor, NGO or government)  communities </li></ul><ul><...
4. Key issues in CDF <ul><li>Implementation fully depend on communities  own initiative . </li></ul><ul><li>Community via ...
5. Rationale for CDF <ul><li>Policy Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dema...
6. CDF Project Cycle
The CDF project cycle Cycle Responsible body 1. Promotion Development Agents (DA), Health Extension Workers (HEW) & WWRDO ...
Cycle Responsible body 5. Funding Agreement (FA) signing <ul><li>WATSANCOs trained in CDF Mgt. </li></ul><ul><li>FA signed...
 
8. Program Fund Sources <ul><li>Gov’t of Finland (80%) </li></ul><ul><li>Gov’t of Ethiopia (10%) </li></ul><ul><li>User Co...
9. Advantages of  Community Financing? <ul><li>make  fast economic development  and poverty reduction  </li></ul><ul><li>e...
10. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Simple designs and technology  shall be used in CDF (HDWs, SPDs-RWSEP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>L...
<ul><li>Updating  material market prices  (regular assessment) is essential-WWRDO </li></ul><ul><li>exact  material need a...
<ul><li>Responsibility and  role of women  in WATSAN committee increased. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased ownership brigs abou...
Community participation in spring development
Spring Collection chamber
11. Conclusion <ul><li>Funds directly channeled to communities found to bring about accelerated implementation & sustainab...
 
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Session 3B Finance - Getenet community development funds ethiopia (pp tminimizer)

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Session 3B Finance - Getenet community development funds ethiopia (pp tminimizer)

  1. 1. ETHIOPIA
  2. 2. PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE ON DIRECT FINANCING OF COMMUNITIES IN RWSEP International Symposium on Rural Water Services Speke Resort Munyonyo, Kampala, Uganda 13-15 April, 2010 By Getenet Kassahun Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  3. 3. Outline of the presentation <ul><li>1. General description of Amhara Region </li></ul><ul><li>2. RWSEP </li></ul><ul><li>3. What is Direct Financing of Communities? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Key issues in CDF </li></ul><ul><li>5. Rationale for CDF </li></ul><ul><li>6. CDF Project Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>7. How the CDF Fund transferred to Communities ? </li></ul><ul><li>8. Program Fund Sources </li></ul><ul><li>9. Why Community Financing? </li></ul><ul><li>10. Lessons Learned </li></ul><ul><li>11. Conclusion </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. General description of Amhara Region <ul><li>It is one of the 11 administrative regions in Ethiopia. </li></ul><ul><li>Area = 157,076 km 2 (15 % of the country) </li></ul><ul><li>Population = 20,650,420 </li></ul><ul><li>Rural = 18,182,800 </li></ul><ul><li>It has 10 Zones & 151 districts/woredas. </li></ul><ul><li>Water Supply Coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Rural 54 % </li></ul><ul><li>Urban 87 % </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. RWSEP <ul><li>Is an abbreviation for Rural Water Supply & Environmental Program . </li></ul><ul><li>Ethio - Finnish bilateral program </li></ul><ul><li>>15 years in the region – since 1994 ( 4 phases) </li></ul><ul><li>At present operational in 14 Woredas/districts located in 4 Zones of the region. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3. What is Direct Financing of Communities? <ul><li>funding agency (donor, NGO or government) communities </li></ul><ul><li>communities manage & implement the sub-projects. </li></ul><ul><li>RWSEP has designed Community Development Fund (CDF) in the year 2003/04 </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4. Key issues in CDF <ul><li>Implementation fully depend on communities own initiative . </li></ul><ul><li>Community via WATSANCOs are fully responsible for managing the funds allocated to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Communities demonstrate both their willingness & capacity to finance the future O&M by depositing up-front cash contribution in to saving accounts. </li></ul><ul><li>Communities receive technical & material support from Woreda/district authorities during & after construction </li></ul><ul><li>At least 15% Comm. Contribution for construction </li></ul>
  8. 8. 5. Rationale for CDF <ul><li>Policy Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand Responsive Approach </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple & low cost technologies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 6. CDF Project Cycle
  10. 10. The CDF project cycle Cycle Responsible body 1. Promotion Development Agents (DA), Health Extension Workers (HEW) & WWRDO experts. 2. Application preparation & submission Preparation- WATSANCOs assisted by promoters (DAs & HEW). Submission – WATSANCOs to the WWRDO experts. <ul><li>3. Appraisal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field </li></ul></ul>Woreda Water Resources Dev. Office experts. 4. Approval ( Final decision) Woreda CDF Board chaired by Woreda administrator.
  11. 11. Cycle Responsible body 5. Funding Agreement (FA) signing <ul><li>WATSANCOs trained in CDF Mgt. </li></ul><ul><li>FA signed b/n CDF Board & WATSANCO chair person. </li></ul><ul><li>6. I mplementation </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement & contracting </li></ul><ul><li>Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Completion ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>Contracting – WATSANCOs to artisans & suppliers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WATSANCOs withdraw money & procure materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supervision – WWRDO experts </li></ul><ul><li>Completion ceremony – by communities. </li></ul>7. Post implementation monitoring By WWRDO experts.
  12. 13. 8. Program Fund Sources <ul><li>Gov’t of Finland (80%) </li></ul><ul><li>Gov’t of Ethiopia (10%) </li></ul><ul><li>User Community (10%) </li></ul>
  13. 14. 9. Advantages of Community Financing? <ul><li>make fast economic development and poverty reduction </li></ul><ul><li>ensure full ownership of the community projects by the community </li></ul><ul><li>build the capacity of the communities to manage development projects by themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen local private sector and community partnership </li></ul><ul><li>increase efficiency of implementation </li></ul><ul><li>reduce the work load of the local government from implementation to facilitation </li></ul>
  14. 15. 10. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Simple designs and technology shall be used in CDF (HDWs, SPDs-RWSEP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local skills shall be used in implementation (artisans). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local materials and locally available tools & equipment preferred than sophisticated materials and equipment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>imported materials and equipment should be available in the nearest towns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information sharing to local private sector for yearly demand is important to ease supply delivery </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Updating material market prices (regular assessment) is essential-WWRDO </li></ul><ul><li>exact material need assessment saves losses (economical). </li></ul><ul><li>transparent procurement procedures increases credibility among community members . </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement of expenditures is almost 99 % with close M&E. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Responsibility and role of women in WATSAN committee increased. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased ownership brigs about increased community contribution ( community contribution for construction raised from 15 % to 23 %-40 %). </li></ul><ul><li>Functionality rate is highly increased as compared to others(>90%). </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous capacity building activities at district level is important </li></ul><ul><li>Community financing approach can be used also in institutions/schools/ with simple water & sanitation facilities. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Community participation in spring development
  18. 19. Spring Collection chamber
  19. 20. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>Funds directly channeled to communities found to bring about accelerated implementation & sustainable developments </li></ul>

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