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Different approaches to MUS in Ethiopia

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Presentation on the different approaches to MUS in Ethiopia, by Eline Boelee (Consultant) Seminar on Multiple Use water Services in the context of Dutch policy and practice. Wednesday 26 June 2013. …

Presentation on the different approaches to MUS in Ethiopia, by Eline Boelee (Consultant) Seminar on Multiple Use water Services in the context of Dutch policy and practice. Wednesday 26 June 2013. International Water House, Bezuidenhoutseweg 2, The Hague, The Netherlands.

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  • 1. Different approaches to MUS in EthiopiaEline Boelee (Water Health)for MUStRAINMUS seminar, The Hague 26 June 2013
  • 2. Multiple Use water Services in EthiopiaMUS seminar, The Hague, 26 June 2013• De facto multiple use of watero Water points with cattle troughso Drinking from irrigation canals• WASH programs• Irrigation development• Little coordination• Multipurpose systemsPhoto: Eline BoeleePhoto: Eline Boelee
  • 3. • Sand & Rivers (RAIN)• Wastewater reuse (Eline Bakker)• Livestock• Community approach• Mechanized pumping• Manual drilling• Self-supply• WASH business (video)MUStRAIN case studiesMUS seminar, The Hague, 26 June 2013wells
  • 4. • Mixed crop-livestocksystems most common in Ethiopia• Cattle troughs added to ‘domestic’ systems• Many benefits of nearby water supply for drinking• But what about fodder?o Biggest water consumption by animalso Free grazing on communal land• Watershed management impactsMUS seminar, The Hague, 26 June 2013LivestockPhoto: Zelalem LemaPhoto: Lemessa Mekonta
  • 5. Watershed managementMUS seminar, The Hague, 26 June 2013• To protect water quality and increase spring yield• Exclosures: no or limited access• Sometimes harvesting and sale of fodder• Consequences for livestock farmerso Cut & Carry: buy or grow foddero Increased workloado Productivity?o Reduced herd size?• Basin impacts?Photo: Katrien DescheemaekerPhoto: Katrien Descheemaeker
  • 6. • Tapping shallow groundwater• Preferred source of water for drinking andirrigation in South Asia• Common in some, but not many parts ofEthiopia• Recently promoted in various programso Mechanized pumping for irrigationo Manual drilling with pumps, drip kitso Self-supply for domestic useso At individual (farm/household) or community levelMUS seminar, The Hague, 26 June 2013Wells are…Photo: Lemessa MekontaPhoto: IWMI
  • 7. • Been dug by hand, drilled by hand or rigs• Concrete, brick, mud, wooden or no lining• Protective slab or cover• Rope, treadle pumps• Motor pumps• Associated support programso WASHo Microfinanceo Agricultural extensionMUS seminar, The Hague, 26 June 2013Wells may have…Photo: Lemessa MekontaPhoto: Lemessa MekontaPhoto: Lemessa Mekonta
  • 8. • Have higher impact with protection and motor pumps• Help improve food security, increase income• Have better water quality in agrowellso Protectiono Lower residence times• Be highly attractive to users• Improve health• Reduce workload• Be upscaled through agricultural programsWells could…MUS seminar, The Hague, 26 June 2013Photo: Lemessa MekontaPhoto: Lemessa Mekonta
  • 9. • Productive uses enhance self-supply• Support requiredo Groundwater map (incl. recharge options)o Technical: well construction and operationo Agricultural: crops, livestock, value chainso Water quality monitoring and treatmento Micro-finance• Hit dual targets of water and food security• Very attractive investment optionsMUS seminar, The Hague, 26 June 2013Conclusions
  • 10. Thank you!e.boelee@waterhealth.nlMUStRAIN