Costing sustainable services: the life-cycle cost approach
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  • Between 1990 and 2010 over 2 billion people gained access to improved water sources (275.000 people a day) Instead of 24% there are now 11% of the World population without access
  • The rate of new infrastructure installation and rehabilitation cannot keep up with the failure rates of existing infrastructure
  • Check data from GLAAS

Costing sustainable services: the life-cycle cost approach Costing sustainable services: the life-cycle cost approach Presentation Transcript

  • Costing sustainable services The life-cycle cost approach Catarina Fonseca Patrick Moriarty Stef Smits 21st March, Washington DCWater and Sanitation Services That Last
  • All materials available from: www.washcost.info www.waterservicesthatlast.orgWater and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Part 1: The Danger ZoneWater and Sanitation Services That Last
  • 4 Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Danger zone: as basic infrastructure isThe Danger Zone? provided, coverage risks stagnating Management / recurrent expenditure dominates Capital expenditure dominates Capital maintenance exp. dominates 25% 50% 75% 100% Coverage rates Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Part 2: What can we do about it?Water and Sanitation Services That Last
  • Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • ‘Life-cycle costs (LCC):The costs of ensuring adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services to a specific population in a determined geographical area - not just for a few years but indefinitely.’ Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • 2$-3$ per capita per year… 2.000$ per rehabilitation in MozambiqueWater and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • How to compare costs when services are different?Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Water service levels Accessibility Quantity Status Quality (min=distance ReliabilityService level (lpcd) (JMP) and crowding) High >= 60 Good <= 10 Very reliable ImprovedIntermediate >= 40 Acceptable <=30 Reliable/secure Basic >= 20(normative)Sub-standard >=5 Problematic <=60 Problematic Unimproved No service <5 Unacceptable > 60 Unreliable/insecure Source: Moriarty et al., 2011 Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Service levels for borehole with hand-pump 1. 2 0. 5 0. 1Under revision: data will be published in April Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Part 3: Examples of useWater and Sanitation Services That Last
  • Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Handling the danger zone Facilitation of the Learning Alliances Better Data from identification of Implementation gaps in planning Better Data used in dissagregated planning lifecycle unit costsWater and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Ghana (Government) - District Monitoring and Evaluation System (DiMES) going to become a national monitoring system. - In 2012 CWSA will roll out the DiMES to all Metropolitan, Municipal, District Assemblies (MMDAs) - Working groups on how to finance capital maintenance Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Mean HH one-off water supply investment ($)Northern SC: 47Northern BC: 26Southern BC: 86  HH one-off investment in water supply tends to be lower the northern and southern SC and BC colonies.  HH investment in borewells, booster pumps, storage tanks has a negative tradeoff for other users  Some HHs in the OC colony have made “recent” one-off investments of $500+ in their water supplies. Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • NGO Fontes Foundation in Uganda Costs by categories for their Katunguru water project 2004-2010 in 2010$USSource: Koestler et. al, 2010 Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Final messages1. Life cycle cost approach enables a comparison of different service delivery models internalising country norms, number of users and poverty analysis2. Service level analysis provides a more nuanced understanding of where problems of sustaining coverage may lie3. A firm grasp of costs and services to be delivered, leads to more cost-effective financing strategies reducing slippage Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • Many organisations and governments already using components of the life-cycle costs approach Water and Sanitation Services That Last March 2011
  • The end