Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
IRC Webinar, Self-supply as a water service, 14 Nov 2013
Ethiopia

2

Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
Ethiopia: some images

Well with
mechanised pump
A new communal
scheme

Semi-protected
wells

Rope pump
donated 7 years
ag...
Ethiopia: some fast facts
• 86.6 million people (2013)
• US$ 410 Per capita income (GNI)
• 10% economic growth (over past ...
Self-supply: some fast dates
• 2004-6: Family well campaign
• 2008: Wollisso workshop on Self-supply (with RWSN)
• 2009: l...
What is Self-supply acceleration?
• More…

• Better…

• Together…
vs

6

+

Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
The main 8 parts of the (draft) guideline
• Part 1: Assessing potential
• Part 2: Creating demand
• Part 3: Supporting tec...
Evidence
• existing ‘unsupported’ Selfsupply
• water quality
– may be safe but often not
– related to protection
– improve...
Stakeholder engagement
 Learning and motivation from other countries
 National and regional government leadership
 Self...
Piloting
 Govt/IDE/UNICEF piloting manual drilling,
enterprise development
 MoWIE/UNICEF piloting household-led approach...
Supporting policy and guidelines
 WASH Implementation Framework (2011)
 Self-supply partially included in National WASH ...
Critical issues
? Group-led and/or household-led investments
? Monitoring Self-supply and counting it towards reported cov...
More information
• Self-supply working group (Zewditu Yilma, MoWIE; Inge
Klaassen, IRC)
• Paper on Self-supply in Ethiopia...
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Butterworth for irc webinar 14 nov

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This presentation was given during a Webinar on Self-supply at IRC by John Butterworth. Nov. 2013.

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Butterworth for irc webinar 14 nov

  1. 1. Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia IRC Webinar, Self-supply as a water service, 14 Nov 2013
  2. 2. Ethiopia 2 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  3. 3. Ethiopia: some images Well with mechanised pump A new communal scheme Semi-protected wells Rope pump donated 7 years ago; still working A traditional well 3 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  4. 4. Ethiopia: some fast facts • 86.6 million people (2013) • US$ 410 Per capita income (GNI) • 10% economic growth (over past decade) • 82% living in rural areas • 49% access improved rural water supplies (National WASH Inventory; 54% total) • 60% access to sanitation (rural) (NWI) 4 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  5. 5. Self-supply: some fast dates • 2004-6: Family well campaign • 2008: Wollisso workshop on Self-supply (with RWSN) • 2009: low-cost technologies in Universal Access Plan • 2011: Oromia and SNNPR research findings presented at 2nd national workshop • 2011: Included in WASH Implementation Framework • 2012: National Policy guideline • 2013: Included in One WASH National Programme • 2013: piloting (govt., JICA, UNICEF, IDE, MWA, CRS etc) 5 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  6. 6. What is Self-supply acceleration? • More… • Better… • Together… vs 6 + Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  7. 7. The main 8 parts of the (draft) guideline • Part 1: Assessing potential • Part 2: Creating demand • Part 3: Supporting technology choices • Part 4: Promoting private sector involvement • Part 5: Supporting access to finance • Part 6: Strengthening coordination, innovation and learning • Part 7: Developing an Action Plan • Part 8: Monitoring implementation 7 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  8. 8. Evidence • existing ‘unsupported’ Selfsupply • water quality – may be safe but often not – related to protection – improvements possible • reliability better • cost effective 8 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  9. 9. Stakeholder engagement  Learning and motivation from other countries  National and regional government leadership  Self-supply working group  National workshops  Mainstreamed e.g. on agenda in national platforms such as FLOWS and Multi-stakeholder forum  Alignment of projects e.g. Rope pump project, manual drilling ? Cross-sectoral coordination 9 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  10. 10. Piloting  Govt/IDE/UNICEF piloting manual drilling, enterprise development  MoWIE/UNICEF piloting household-led approach (linked to nutrition, schools, multiple-use water services, community WASH)  Rope-pump project (MoWIE/SNNP/JICA) piloting rope pump promotion, micro-finance  MoWIE/Millennium Water Alliance/CRS/IRC piloting action planning, communications ? All started in 2013 and at early stages of implementation 10 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  11. 11. Supporting policy and guidelines  WASH Implementation Framework (2011)  Self-supply partially included in National WASH Inventory  National guideline (January 2012)  One WASH National Programme (August 2013)  Implementation and technical guidelines under-development (by end 2013) ? Regional and woreda-level plans critical 11 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  12. 12. Critical issues ? Group-led and/or household-led investments ? Monitoring Self-supply and counting it towards reported coverage ? Collaboration with agriculture, health and other sectors ? Building local private sector capacity 12 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
  13. 13. More information • Self-supply working group (Zewditu Yilma, MoWIE; Inge Klaassen, IRC) • Paper on Self-supply in Ethiopia in current issue Water Alternatives (www.water-alternatives.org/) • A Hidden Resource report www.irc.nl/page/74548 • IRC’s Ethiopia WASH blog www.irc.nl/ethiopia • RWSN www.rural-water-supply.net/en/self-supply 13 Self-supply as a formal approach in Ethiopia
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