The Cross Bar Latrine in Ekiti State Nigeria. In Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria, the Cross bar latrines are very popular and they provide the space for men to discuss and agree on major decisions in the Communities. Usually located Close to ancestral groves.
The burial process in the community is such that bodies of dead relatives are kept for long periods of time before they are buried. This practice is to allow the family members of the deceased to prepare adequately for a befitting burial. The bodies are hung head down from a tree branch behind the house. A fence of thatch is made around the body but some domestic animals as Chicken are able to go in and out of the fencing from the bottom. Flies have direct access to the body. A local mortician comes to treat the body from time to time; sometimes this body could be kept for up to a year. Eliminating open defecation alone is not enough in these communities… we need to understand what other practices continue to put communities at risks especially health wise even as we target the elimination of Open defection. ( January 2012: Note this is a recent discovery in our work and it is being researched as we hope to collectively find solutions to address this kind of issues)
Ada Oko-Williams - social cultural dynamics
Timeyin Uwejamomere, Senior Policy Analyst (Urban), WaterAid Email: timeyinuweja@ wateraid.org Understanding Social Cultural Dynamics in West Africa; Imperative for Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene Programming Ada Oko-Williams, WaterAid in Nigeria Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Asia regional sanitation and hygiene practitioners workshop 2012 Dhaka, Bangladeshwww.wateraid.org
Content• Social Cultural context• Addressing the challengesWaterAid (2011) Revitalising Community Led Total Sanitation: A process guide.• Some more work to do• My Take Away from the Meeting• Further Consideration
Social Cultural Context• Culturally diverse People, tribes, Languages.• Sanitation is a private Matter• OD is Beneficial; A sign of Deference to your benefactor• You get Gonorrhea, Syphilis and other STI’s from latrine use.• Loss of Voodoo Powers• A “hole can not face a hole”• Loss of Voodoo Power
…Context• Cross Bar ‘Latrines’ inthe Groves are Placesfor Decision makingamongst Men
There are some Positives too• We Care for One another• Existing Community development groups• Culture of Self help; Community Initiatives• Religion is important
Addressing the Challenges• Rigorous Researchs and Evaluations of our work• Pre Intervention exercise include Social and Cultural Discussions• Trigger Tools are adapted to cultural settings• Working with Local Institutions and groups in Communities• Message and Communication focus a lot on Dignity, Prestige and Religious Injunctions
Some More Challenges• Local Embalmment practices of the Grebo tribe of Maryland County in Liberia.• Amongst the Fulani’s in West Africa, Excreta is not found in the open but they have no latrines.
My Take Away• Disaggregated Poverty Profiling and Parametres for Sanitation Policy Analysis• Sanitation Master Plan of the Gov’t of NEPAL• Fecal Sludge Management … It is Coming we must prepare for it now!!!
Leave behinds• Spend Some more time on reflections & learning about the approaches before moving on to another: • What works and what doesn’t.• Drivers of Change are more often than not in the Community… find them.