Ada Oko-Williams - social cultural dynamicsPresentation Transcript
Timeyin Uwejamomere, Senior Policy Analyst (Urban), WaterAid Email: timeyinuweja@ wateraid.org Understanding Social Cultural Dynamics in West Africa; Imperative for Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene Programming Ada Oko-Williams, WaterAid in Nigeria Email: email@example.com Asia regional sanitation and hygiene practitioners workshop 2012 Dhaka, Bangladeshwww.wateraid.org
Content• Social Cultural context• Addressing the challengesWaterAid (2011) Revitalising Community Led Total Sanitation: A process guide.• Some more work to do• My Take Away from the Meeting• Further Consideration
Social Cultural Context• Culturally diverse People, tribes, Languages.• Sanitation is a private Matter• OD is Beneficial; A sign of Deference to your benefactor• You get Gonorrhea, Syphilis and other STI’s from latrine use.• Loss of Voodoo Powers• A “hole can not face a hole”• Loss of Voodoo Power
…Context• Cross Bar ‘Latrines’ inthe Groves are Placesfor Decision makingamongst Men
There are some Positives too• We Care for One another• Existing Community development groups• Culture of Self help; Community Initiatives• Religion is important
Addressing the Challenges• Rigorous Researchs and Evaluations of our work• Pre Intervention exercise include Social and Cultural Discussions• Trigger Tools are adapted to cultural settings• Working with Local Institutions and groups in Communities• Message and Communication focus a lot on Dignity, Prestige and Religious Injunctions
Some More Challenges• Local Embalmment practices of the Grebo tribe of Maryland County in Liberia.• Amongst the Fulani’s in West Africa, Excreta is not found in the open but they have no latrines.
My Take Away• Disaggregated Poverty Profiling and Parametres for Sanitation Policy Analysis• Sanitation Master Plan of the Gov’t of NEPAL• Fecal Sludge Management … It is Coming we must prepare for it now!!!
Leave behinds• Spend Some more time on reflections & learning about the approaches before moving on to another: • What works and what doesn’t.• Drivers of Change are more often than not in the Community… find them.