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2014 WASH Sustainability Forum: water track summary day 1


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Summary of the water track sessions on day 1 of the 5th WASH Sustainability Forum by Stef Smits and José Gesti Canuto. …

Summary of the water track sessions on day 1 of the 5th WASH Sustainability Forum by Stef Smits and José Gesti Canuto.

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  • 1. Supporting water sanitation and hygiene services for life 1st of July 2014 Summary water track sessions day 1 Stef Smits and José Gesti Canuto 2014 WASH Sustainability Forum
  • 2. Introduction • 4 groups of tools, differentiated between dimensions of sustainability, institutional levels of application and degree of zooming in / out • Dilemmas around them: – Comprehensiveness vs keeping it simple – Big picture (assessments) vs zoomed in (identifying of actions) – Complexity commensurate with institutional capacity to use them • Guiding questions: – What are the underlying design principles of the tools? – What is needed to make the tools work?
  • 3. Session 1: sector analysis tools • WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool: – Assessing bottlenecks to sustainable and equitable service delivery – Part of a broader process of defining sustainability compacts and checks in multi-stakeholder process – General finding: main bottleneck at the middle level • Issues arising: – Can you talk about bottlenecks or rather missing bottles? Identifying priorities among very many factors, or rather highlighting need for overall sector change – Communicating results: bottle half full or bottle half empty – Need for clear indicators: defined by stakeholders or common ones – Data availability – start from some commonly agreed data, but carry out targeted data collection depending on the result
  • 4. Session 2: tools for financial sustainability • AtWhatCost: analyse life-cycle costs for water supply systems as basis for dialogue on tariff setting and capital replacement costs • CUPPS: financial module for asset management • Issues arising: – Use of the tools by different stakeholders: regulator or operator – Because of different incentives to use the tool, with the right information, and accountability over them- need for (financial) regulatory environment – Tools are publicly available, but can the results be made available? – Insight into the tariff needs raises need to rethink the “saving-for- replacement” paradigm:  Avoid risk of inflation and money sitting idle  Possibilities of cross-subsidies between and within systems
  • 5. Session 3: sustainability of service delivery • Sustainability metric at health care facilities: likelihood of sustainable water access at such facilities. Main outcome: concrete recommendations for operators • SIASAR: comprehensive sustainability assessment through coverage, system performance and service provider performance, targeted at technical assistance providers • Issues arising: – Without an institutional framework for follow-up, a tool cannot be effective – Institutionalisation of the tool in government – Costs of tools – mainly in time of staff to collect and analyse data; who pays?
  • 6. Discussion • Groups of 5-6 persons • Discuss for about 25 minutes at your table • Question 1: what are the design principles of these tools – and others you may know – for sustainability? • Question 2: what are characteristics of the processes in which the tools are used, to make their use effective?