Gradual change. Note that National Sector Performance Monitoring has only been possible due to SWAP.
Service provider (supplier) viewpoint, which needs to be counterbalanced by user viewpoint. Need consistency.
National monitoring of water and sanitation in Uganda
National Monitoring of Water and Sanitation in Uganda How the Government of Uganda did it and lessons for other countries Eng. Disan Ssozi Ministry of Water and Environment, UGANDA 4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 11
Presentation Outline • Introduction • Context • Sector Institutional Framework • Sector Coordination Framework • Golden indicators • Data sources, information flows and analysis • Using the sector performance report • Joint Sector Reviews • Ten golden rules for sector performance measurement4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 2
IntroductionWhy focus on coordination and monitoring??• increased emphasis on results (Milennium Development Goals, regional and national targets and objectives)• Effectiveness and efficiency in the use of resources (both domestic and donor development assistance) – value for money• Monitoring of sector activities helps in strategic decision making, policy formulation and planning (where to invest, how to develop services, and which policies actually work)4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 3
Context- from Projects to Programme Sudan Late 1980s: Multiple donor projects Early 1990s: Consolidated donor specıfıc programmes 2001: Sector Reforms lead to Sector-Wide DRC Approach to Planning (SWAP) & Decentralised Service Delivery to LGs Keny 2004: Sector Preformance Measurement Framework (11 key performance indicators) 2008: Joint Water and Sanitation Sector Programme Support (JWSSPS) 112 Districts of Uganda Future: Further harmonization and alignment of donor support in accordance with the Paris Tanzania Declaration4/18/2013 4
SWAP Definition• The SWAP is a mechanism whereby Government, and Development Partners support a single sub-sector policy, development plan and programme, which is under Government leadership and follows common approaches.4/18/2013 5
Institutional framework and roles for rural water supply and sanitation in Uganda National Level • Policy setting MOH MFPED MWE MoLG MoES MGLSD • Regulation • Monitoring DWD/DWRM/DEA • Overall planning & coordination • Quality assurance and guidance - • Capacity developmentDistrict level District Local Local Private Sector • Service Delivery Government Contractors, Hampump Mechanics • Support to Communities GovernmenGovernment t DWO Governmnt X 112Community level Communities NGOs/ CBOs • O&M
Uganda’s Sector Coordination Framework• Water Policy Committee (statutory body for policy advice to the Hon. Minister)• Water & Sanitation Sub-sector Working Group (for discussion of policy/ key issues affecting sector performance, now under the Water & Environment Sector Working Group)• Annual Joint Sector Reviews (JSRs) and Joint Technical Reviews (JTRs) - multi-stakeholder fora• District Water and Sanitation Coordination Committees• Uganda Water and Sanitation Sector NGO Network (UWASNET) – secretariat for umbrella organization for coordination of approx. 150 member sector NGOs;4/18/2013 7
Golden Indicators (part 1)Theme Indicator % of people within 1.5 km (rural) and 0.2km (urban) of an improved water sourceAccess (in 2010, walking distance for rural areas was changed to 1km)Functionality % of improved water sources that are functional at time of spot-checkValue for Money Average cost per beneficiary of new water and sanitation schemesAccess/Use % of people with access to improved sanitation (household and schools)(sanitation) % of water samples taken at the point of water collection , waste discharge pointQuality that comply with national standards % increase in cumulative storage capacity availability of water for productionQuantity [later changed to cumulative water for production storage capacity (m3)]4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 8
Golden Indicators (part 2)Theme Indicator Mean Parish deviation from the District average in persons per improved water pointEquity (for national purposes, mean sub-county difference from the national average in persons per water point is reported)Access/use % of people with access and using hand-washing facilities(hygiene) % of water points with actively functioning Water and Sanitation CommitteesManagement (rural/water for production) or boards (urban)Gender % of Water User Committees/Water Boards with women holding a key positionWaterResources % of water abstraction and discharge permit holders complying with permitManagement conditions (current data refers to permit validity only)Compliance 4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 9
Data Sources Information Flows and Analysis Joint Sector Review Small SPR Secretariat Sector Performance Report (SPR) (in Ministry of Water and Environment) Water & Environment ‘Mini’ Sector Working Group Performance Various National Data Reports by Data (annually) Survey Reports (annually) Sub-Sectors Ministry of Water Technical Audits Ministry of Health Ministry of and Environment Uganda Bureau Education & Sports Tracking Studies MIS of Statistics MIS MIS Annual Report Quarterly & Annual Reports Specific UWASNET District Local Surveys District Local Government Government (District (District Water Health Inspectorate)Data(annually) Office) School Inspections Health Inspections NGOs/CBOs Community Visits NGOs/CBOs Key NGOs/CBOs Communities Data Collection Schools Reporting ABC Community Visits MIS Management Information System Government Institution Non-Government Institution 4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 10 Coordination Body
Data Analysis for the Golden Indicators The golden indicators provide a focus for further analysis on issues and challenges. They are a means to an end rather than an end in itself. DWD-MIS 100% Functionality 100Percentage of the Rural Population with Access UNHS 90 UDHS District Situation Analysis 100% Functionality 80 UNSDS In Uganda, considerable work has to an Improved Water Source 70 60 been undertaken between the 50 national statistics bureau and the 40 30 ministry of water to ensure that the 20 same definitions of an improved 10 water supply are used. 0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 11
Sector Performance Report (SPR) and its use • Basis for discussions in the Joint Sector Reviews – Key achievements using the key indicators – Emerging challenges/issues • Decision-making – Signed (Agreed) minutes with 7-10 undertakings/actions – Sector budget priorities – Resource allocation within the sector and to the district local goverments4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 12
Use of the annual SPR and JSR Percentage of Operating Costs Funded by Revenue for Ugandan Water Authorities in 2008/9In Uganda, a comprehensive Kumi Ibanda Semuto Bundibugyooverview of water supply and Busembatia Kabwohe-… Kisoro Rukungiri Buwenge Sironkosanitation developments and Budadiri Moyo Lyantonde Kigumba Lukayachallenges is available in the Nagongera Busia Wobulenzi Kalisizo Pakeleannual SPRs. Aduku Apac Nebbi Bukomansimbi Kayunga MityanaCorrective and/or new actions Adjumani Kalungu Nakasongola Luwero Ciforoto improve service delivery Ngora Kangulumira Mpigi Kitgum Pallisa KyenjojoSector performance Bugiri Bombo Rakai Kotido Kihihi Budakameasurement is fully linked to Sembabule Mbirizi Busolwe Dokolo Pakwachthe planning and budgeting Yumbe Kapchorwa Kyotera Nkokonjeru Kiboga 100% Funded by Revenueprocess. Katakwi Nakawuka Laropi Kachumbala Kyazanga Kibibi Kalangala Kakiri Kasambya Kinoni Kamuli Serere Amolatar Katwe-kabatoro Migeera 0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 350%4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 13
Key Challenges • Too many district local govts (112 in total) • Coordination of all sector players not readily accepted by all (initially)! • Data reliability & verification • Prioritisation of monitoring by all sector actors • Too transparent???? • Wider distribution4/18/2013 15
Some Guidelines for county-wide performance monitoring based on Uganda‘s experience1. Cover the whole service 5. Compare data sets – sector delivery chain. statistics with national2. Integrate monitoring surveys for validation within existing national purposes structures/processes 6. Define institutional responsibilities and data3. Keep it simple (Indicators sources matter, but are a means to 7. Assign individual an end, NOT an end by responsibilities themselves) 8. Assess and gradually build4. Use both qualitative and capacity quantitative indicators 9. Disseminate reports widely4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 16
Other considerations!• Agreement on basic definitions and SMART indicators• Overall leadership by the government is key• 1st sector performance report indicates the baseline for most indicators, while the subsequent reports indicate annual progress and trends• Sector monitoring process gradually adjusted based on previous experiences4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 17
Closing message Global and/or regional monitoring is complementary but cannot be a substitute for national monitoring Thanks! All Uganda annual water Sector Performance Reports and agreed minutes for the joint sector reviews and lots of other documents are available on: www.mwe.go.ug4/18/2013 MWE - Uganda 18
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