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Decentralized  Institutional Mechanisms
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Decentralized Institutional Mechanisms


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  • 1. Bipin Poudel Kamal Adhikari Rabin Bastola31 January 2012, Bangladesh, Sanitation And Hygiene Practitioners Workshop
  • 2. BackgroundNational Goal : 100% coverage by 2017MDG : 53% coverage by 2015Present Status (NMIP 2010): Water Supply – 80% Sanitation 43.04% Rural – 37%, Urban – 80%, 50% districts below the national average Diarrheal outbreak still persistent in some communities 260 VDCs, 5 Municipalities and 2 districts declared ODF
  • 3. Rationale of the Master Plan Synergize and unify stakeholders efforts Generate and maximize local resources Reach the roots of the grass-roots (unreached) Provide strategic guidance to achieve national goal and MDG targets Mainstream sanitation into national development agenda Strengthen institutional arrangements through decentralized approach Run sanitation in the form of a social movement and expand coverage
  • 4. Milestones Milestone 1: 60% toilet coverage by 2012/13 Milestone 2: 80% toilet coverage by 2014/15 Milestone 3: 100% toilet coverage by 2016/17With Due focus on :• Sustainable changes on hygiene behaviors• Proper use of toilet and waste management practices in rural and urban areas
  • 5. Strategies Decentralized planning, implementation and monitoring Promotion of demand driven sanitation and hygiene programs Inter and intra sectoral collaboration Cost sharing and resource pulling arrangements at community level Reward and recognition Uniformity and harmonization Wider advocacy and knowledge management
  • 6. Guiding Principles1. ODF as the bottom line2. Universal access to toilet in water supply project3. Informed technological choices4. Leadership of local government bodies5. VDC/Municipality as a basic unit of planning6. Locally managed financial support mechanisms7. User’s friendly sanitation facilities in institutions8. Mandatory provision of toilets in new built up9. Hand washing with soap and behaviour built up
  • 7. Decentralized Multi Stakeholders’ Platform National Sanitation and Hygiene Steering Committee (NPC, MPPW, MoLD, MoHP, MoE, MoF, MoE, MCWSW) National Sanitation and Hygiene Coordination Committee (Represented by several agencies) R-WASH-CC D-WASH-CC V-WASH-CC/M-WASH-CC Municipal/VDC/community/school level activities
  • 8. Approved : 4 August 2011 and Public: 29 Sept 2011
  • 9. Challenges Timely strengthening of decentralized institutional arrangements in different level at equal par Lack of adequate technical personnel, resources and inadequate institutionalization No elected representatives (last election on 1997 and term expired on 2002) in local bodies
  • 10. Opportunities Resource mobilization by local bodies (block grant operational guidelines) Increasing political commitments ODF status as a prestige issue Wider engagement of media, civil society, schools and communities Sanitation as a cross-cutting theme Formulation of district level strategic plan (unified plan) in more than 35 districts