1 decision making in rwss delivery in ghana presentation

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1 decision making in rwss delivery in ghana presentation

  1. 1. IRC Symposium 16 to 18 November 2010Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  2. 2. Rural and Peri-urban WASHThe WASHCost project hasExamined current planning process for delivering WASHservices, particularly with respect to uses of costinformation in WASH decision making.Begun to analyse life cycle costs of WASH services in orderimprove WASH governance and decision making at alllevels.This paper focuses on the factors affecting long termsustainable service delivery by examining the use of costinformation in WASH decision making Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  3. 3. Roles and responsibilities for WASH service deliveryWASH service delivery is decentralised to DistrictAssemblies (DAs).District Water and Sanitation Team (DWST) focal point inDAsCommunity Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) is thegovernment facilitating agencyGuidelines, supports the DAs etcCommunity representatives:WATSAN for water point sourcesWSDB for small towns piped schemes Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  4. 4. WASH Planning processDistrict National DMTP - District Medium Term Plan SIP - Sector Investment Plan MTIP - Medium Term Investment Plan MTEF - Medium Term Expenditure Framework Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  5. 5. WASH Planning challengesPlans based on delivery of infrastructure not servicesInadequate co-ordination between planning,budgeting and finance. Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  6. 6. Disaggregated Life Cycle CostsDr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  7. 7. Use of Cost information in DWSPCost components used are: Cost components not used are:Initial capital investment capital maintenance(CapEx) expenditure or CapManEx,Operation and minor which means reinvestment inmaintenance (or OpEx) are keeping services aliveonly partly covered for the institutional support costs:water point sources. expenditure on direct support (ExpDS) Consequently when major breakdown occurs the facilities are typically abandoned. Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  8. 8. Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  9. 9. WASH Planning processDistrict National DMTP - District Medium Term Plan SIP - Sector Investment Plan MTIP - Medium Term Investment Plan MTEF - Medium Term Expenditure Framework Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  10. 10. Planning at the District level District Medium Term Development Plans is supported by: District Water and Sanitation PlanDistrict Environmental Sanitation Strategic Action Plans Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  11. 11. Service Delivery Models in Ghana Community Private Self supply Utility management management management Community Ownership and Other CM Intermediate Independent Management models private private (COM) providers providers NGO Water CWSA Small CWSA point Urban Bulk implemented Health town source supply system Centre HH Water HH Point Standpipe Standpipe Standpipe Kiosk Standpipeconnection tanker connection source Holding Small town Single Water Holding GWCL Water Multi town tank with bulk water towns Hand pump Health tank with system tanker system standpipe supply system Centre standpipe Company- Urban GWCL/ Water Tanker Direct WSDB with WATSAN community Water AVRL vendor operator WSDB PO partnership Board Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  12. 12. Rural and small towns water supply Community Ownership and Management (COM) Main servicedelivery models CWSA Small CWSA point town source HH Point Standpipe connection source Small town Single Multi bulk water towns town Hand supply system system pump Direct WSDB WATSAN WSDB with PO Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  13. 13. Rural and small towns water supply Community Ownership and Management (COM) Main servicedelivery models CWSA Small CWSA point town source HH Point Standpipe connection source Small town Single Multi bulk water towns town Hand supply system system pump Direct WSDB WATSAN WSDB with PO Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  14. 14. Service level COM small town household connection Design ActualQuantity (lpcd) 60 * 18 – 180 [average: 67] ** Quality Good Good Distance Not applicable Not applicable Crowding Not applicable Not applicable Status Improved Tariff GH₵ 1.00 (USD 0.69 ) /m3 - GH₵ 2.50 (USD 1.72) /m3 *** * Source: CWSA small town design guidelines (2010) ** Source: WASHCost (2010) *** Source: Tuffour and Adank (2010) Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  15. 15. Rural and small towns water supply Community Ownership and Management (COM) Main servicedelivery models CWSA Small CWSA point town source HH Point Standpipe connection source Small town Single Multi bulk water towns town Hand supply system system pump Direct WSDB WATSAN WSDB with PO Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  16. 16. Service level COM small town household connection Design ActualQuantity (lpcd) 20 * 0.5 – 360 [average: 31] ** Quality Good * Good Distance ≤ 500 m * 6.3 - 3410m [average:180m) ** Crowding ≤ 300 people / spout * 169 – 489 people/spout ** Status Improved Tariff GH₵ 1.00 (USD 0.69 ) /m3 - GH₵ 2.50 (USD 1.72 /m3) *** * Source: CWSA small town design guidelines (2010) ** Source: WASHCost (2010) *** Source: Tuffour and Adank (2010) Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  17. 17. System Costs Small Towns piped systems Range Average CapEx (USD/ capita) 40 – 176 * 84 *OpEx (USD/capita/year) 0.5 – 8.3 * 2.1 * CapManEx 0.1 - 11 * 3.3 * (USD/capita/year) ExpDS No data ExpIDS No data * Source: WASHCost (2010) Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  18. 18. ConclusionWASHCost is beginning to address the knowledge gap in terms ofthe availability of life-cycle cost information for providing WASHservices in Ghana.The planning process does not systematically address the fullrange of post-construction costs to ensure the smooth andindefinite provision of services as the District Water andSanitation Plans focus almost exclusively on constructing newschemes and occasionally rehabilitating existing schemes.Sustainable WASH service delivery requires strong linkagesbetween policy, planning and budgeting, but in Ghana the linkageis weak at district level.WASHCost is developing a decision support tool. Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana
  19. 19. Dr. Kwabena Nyarko, KNUST/WASHCost Ghana

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