What Does a Motivated Language
Student Look Like?
Forms of Motivation
Driven by factors outside
of the learner.
Free from the influence of
external influence like
punishment or rewards.
Good grades, please the
Student reads or studies
because it interesting or
How to be…..
Why a student-centered classroom
“All Genuine Learning…
is active, not passive. It involves the use of the
mind, not just memory. It is the process of
discovery, in which the student is the main
- Mortimer Adler
• Teacher-fronted classrooms:
– Teacher is the “Sage on the Stage”
• Student-Centered classrooms:
– Teacher is the “Guide on the Side”
Use interesting material
• If you are bored, the students will be too
• Use material relevant to the students’ lives
– Ex) Facebook posts, Twitter feeds, articles
about their country/city
• Don´t use the textbook exclusively
• Ridiculous websites?
• Gen Yers …
– are Digital Natives
– want to work smarter, not harder
– are kinesthetic and visual
– are feedback dependent
– love entertainment and games
– customize tasks
– seek a purpose and passion
(Reilly, Peter. "Understanding and teaching Generation Y." English Teaching Forum. 1 (2012): n. page. Web. 15 May. 2013.)
Give students resources to
practice outside of class
Share info they discover with the class
Community Member Talk
• Invite a friend or colleague to the class in
person or via skype to discuss a topic that is
important to the class (the environment,
public health, education, crime, etc.).
• Broadcast a Ted Talk.
• Use the talk as a springboard for discussion
and research in your classroom.
Action-Packed Video Clip
• Show an action-packed video clip.
• Have students write and then share sentences
about them with partners and then as a class.
• Example: Mr. Bean
Interactive Listening/Chatting Options
Facebook Chat or Video Chat
(Chinnery, George M. . "Speaking and Listening Online: A Survey of Internet Resources." English Teaching Forum. 43.3 (2005): n. page. Web. 15 May. 2013.)
• Use students’ names/life experiences in
– Sally took a bus to the conference.
– Diego took a Diablo Rojo to the TESOL
Use student-generated materials
• If you want to have students describe a
picture, use a picture of your students
Involve the students in
• The Question Hand:
• Great for teaching
• Have the students
trace their own hand
(Question Hand courtesy of Aaron Corbin)
• Krashen, Stephen. Should We Teach
Strategies. Electronic Journal of Foreign
Language Teaching, 2013,Vol 10, No. 1, pp. 3539
• Frank, Laurie S. Journey Toward the Caring
Classroom, Wood N Barnes Publishing and
• Gibbs, Jeanne. Tribes: A New Way of Learning
and Being Together, Center Source, 2001.