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  • 1. Building Independence SETT and TEST and “The Right Technologies”
  • 2. “ Humans are tool users”
    • SETT Decision-Making Framework – School-Based
    Student Environment Task Tools
  • 3. “ Humans are tool users”
    • TEST Decision-Making Framework – Student-Centered
    Skills Environment Task Tools
  • 4. Technology and Independence
    • Technology must:
    • Fit current student-task needs
    • “ Expandable” to meet growth in skills
    • Be part of “scaffolding” system
    • Be part of a school-wide concept of encouraging independence
    • Be affordable and maintainable
    • Be understood and accepted by faculty
  • 5. SETT
    • Joy Zabala’s School Team AT Decision-Making Framework
    • A “start-anywhere” circle of decision-making: Student – Environment – Tasks – Tools
    • Choosing the “right tool” for the the student in that situation
  • 6. TEST
    • Student-Centered Task-Based AT Decision-Making Framework
    • A lifespan self-reliance training system for students (and teachers) based in task-centered tool choice. Task – Environment – Skills – Tools
    • Creating student “Tool-Belts” for school and beyond, and based in “tool learning” because tools change, as do students.
  • 7. Students
    • Components
    Student Capabilities Knowledge Confidence Skills Environment Task Tools Access
  • 8. Environment
    • Components
    Student Environment Physical Characteristics Time of Day Hidden Curriculum Openness to Differentiation Task Tools Pedagogy
  • 9. Task
    • Components
    Tools Task Environment Student Time Frame Format Location Purpose Evaluation
  • 10. Tools
    • Components
    Student Environment Task Tools Preference Appropriateness Access Knowledge Fit
  • 11. SETT Model
    • SETT Resources:
    • http://www2.edc.org/NCIP/Workshops/sett/SETT_home.htmlThe Framework and How to Use It
    • http://atto.buffalo.edu/registered/ATBasics/Foundation/Assessment/sett.php
    • http://www.wati.org/?pageLoad=content/supports/free/index.php
  • 12. TEST Model
    • TEST Resources:
    • https://sites.google.com/site/iradavidsocol/home/toolbelt-theory
    • http://www.slideshare.net/irasocol/toolbelt-theory
    • http://www.slideshare.net/irasocol/toolbelt-theory-20-3559573
    • http://www.slideshare.net/irasocol/evaluation-for-assistive-technology
  • 13. Universal Design
    • http://www.slideshare.net/irasocol/universal-design-and-disability-rights
    • http://www.cast.org/research/udl/index.html
    • http://www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines
    • http://udltechtoolkit.wikispaces.com/
  • 14. Black River Public School