Iraqs reconstruction campaign 1991-1993

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Iraqs reconstruction campaign 1991-1993

  1. 1. Dr. Souad N. Al-azzawi Reconstruction research center College of engineering University of Baghdad 1998 4/12/2010
  2. 2. Projects that have been destructed in Iraq as a result of the USA Aggression during Gulf war of 1991 <ul><li>Type of project no. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public sectors 7448 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilian houses, shopping centers, and private businesses 26247 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others, classified ? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Types and Numbers of Strategic Projects That Have Been Reconstructed within Two Years After the War 1991 <ul><ul><ul><li>Project type no </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buildings and establishments 230 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bridges 126 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunication and electricity networks 94 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunication and electricity plants 80 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water purification and treatment plants 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil refineries 16 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mines and metallurgical processing sites 6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dams and hydroelectric power stations 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea ports and coastal services centers 19 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewage systems and networks 11 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories and industrial centers 61 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological and mechanical rehabilitation 51 </li></ul></ul>Note: 90% of these projects were reconstructed within 2 years only.
  4. 22. Economic, Service, and Infrastructure Projects That Have Been Destructed During the War of 1991 <ul><li>Type of project no. Of damaged projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational/schools, educational services 3818 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health/hospitals, storage, medical centers 392 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation and telecommunication/t.v. Stations, highways, airports, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>railroads 475 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General buildings, bridges, housing centers 260 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commerce/food supply stores, central malls, shopping centers 251 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious centers/mosques, churches, other 159 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry and mining/factories, mines, storage 122 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture and irrigation/dams, canals, pumping stations 205 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media and culture/ TV. And radio stations, museums, historical places 90 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social and municipal services/water purification and treatment plants, networks, registration centers, municipalities 833 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher education/universities, laboratories, others 39 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 27. Iraqi Engineering Firms and Companies That Carried Out the Reconstruction Campaign After the 1991 Gulf War <ul><li>Engineering firms and companies of % of total reconstructed project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of housing and construction 26% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of industry and minerals 25% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of transportation and communication 17% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of oil 16% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military industrial commission 15% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of agriculture and irrigation 1% </li></ul></ul>
  6. 28. Reconstruction of Other Damaged Service Projects during the First Year After 1991 Gulf War <ul><li>Ministry that carried out the reconstruction no. Of projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of education 3818 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of interior 283 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of commerce 105 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of higher education and scientific research 28 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Finance 13 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of health 212 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of culture 71 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of work and social services 40 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of justice 66 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipality of Baghdad 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic energy organization 30 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total 4773 </li></ul>
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