Iraqs reconstruction campaign 1991-1993

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  • 1. Dr. Souad N. Al-azzawi Reconstruction research center College of engineering University of Baghdad 1998 4/12/2010
  • 2. Projects that have been destructed in Iraq as a result of the USA Aggression during Gulf war of 1991
    • Type of project no.
      • Public sectors 7448
      • Civilian houses, shopping centers, and private businesses 26247
      • Others, classified ?
  • 3. Types and Numbers of Strategic Projects That Have Been Reconstructed within Two Years After the War 1991
        • Project type no
      • Buildings and establishments 230
      • Bridges 126
      • Telecommunication and electricity networks 94
      • Telecommunication and electricity plants 80
      • Water purification and treatment plants 3
      • Oil refineries 16
      • Mines and metallurgical processing sites 6
      • Dams and hydroelectric power stations 7
      • Sea ports and coastal services centers 19
      • Sewage systems and networks 11
      • Factories and industrial centers 61
      • Technological and mechanical rehabilitation 51
    Note: 90% of these projects were reconstructed within 2 years only.
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  • 22. Economic, Service, and Infrastructure Projects That Have Been Destructed During the War of 1991
    • Type of project no. Of damaged projects
      • Educational/schools, educational services 3818
      • Health/hospitals, storage, medical centers 392
      • Transportation and telecommunication/t.v. Stations, highways, airports,
    • railroads 475
      • General buildings, bridges, housing centers 260
      • Commerce/food supply stores, central malls, shopping centers 251
      • Religious centers/mosques, churches, other 159
      • Industry and mining/factories, mines, storage 122
      • Agriculture and irrigation/dams, canals, pumping stations 205
      • Media and culture/ TV. And radio stations, museums, historical places 90
      • Social and municipal services/water purification and treatment plants, networks, registration centers, municipalities 833
      • Higher education/universities, laboratories, others 39
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  • 27. Iraqi Engineering Firms and Companies That Carried Out the Reconstruction Campaign After the 1991 Gulf War
    • Engineering firms and companies of % of total reconstructed project
      • Ministry of housing and construction 26%
      • Ministry of industry and minerals 25%
      • Ministry of transportation and communication 17%
      • Ministry of oil 16%
      • Military industrial commission 15%
      • Ministry of agriculture and irrigation 1%
  • 28. Reconstruction of Other Damaged Service Projects during the First Year After 1991 Gulf War
    • Ministry that carried out the reconstruction no. Of projects
      • Ministry of education 3818
      • Ministry of interior 283
      • Ministry of commerce 105
      • Ministry of higher education and scientific research 28
      • Ministry of Finance 13
      • Ministry of health 212
      • Ministry of culture 71
      • Ministry of work and social services 40
      • Ministry of justice 66
      • Municipality of Baghdad 7
      • Atomic energy organization 30
    • Total 4773