His02 world20 cent

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HISTORY SECOND CHAPTER
WORLD 20TH CENTUARY

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His02 world20 cent

  1. 1.  In Search of Natural Resources  On the basis of Some Agreements  By Drawing Straight Lines
  2. 2. Circumstances for the Growth of Fascism & Nazism  Govts. Lost their Power  Misery & Unemployment  Poverty & Inflation  Economic Destruction  Rivalry against the Victors  Aimlessness
  3. 3. Mussolini & Fascism
  4. 4. Circumstances for the Growth of Fascism in Italy  Italy got Nothing, though Won the War  Industrialists Supported Fascism  People Kept away from Govt o Destruction of Industries o Unemployment o Increase in Tax o Inflation
  5. 5. Fascists Used…  Violence & Ferocity  Socialists & Peasant Leaders as Enemies  Those Opposed were Executed  Military Force – ‘Black Shirts’  Aggressive Foreign Policy  Glorified Ancient Roman Empire Black Shirts
  6. 6. Hitler & Nazism
  7. 7. Hitler Came to Power…  Treaty of Versailles was Imposed  Economic Destruction & Inflation  Failure of German Govt.
  8. 8. Hitler was a Great Orator
  9. 9. Concentration Camp
  10. 10. Brown Shirts
  11. 11. Hitler Used…  Dismissed the Govt.  Socialists, Communists, Jews & Democrats were Executed  Concentration Camps for Jews  Military Force – ‘Brown Shirts’  Secret Police – ‘Gestapo’  Projected Purity of Aryan & German
  12. 12. Hitler Used…  Banned Trade Unions, Political Parties  Military Service was Compulsory  Revenge against Versailles Treaty  Used News Paper, Radio, Cinema, Education to Propagate his Idea  Aggressive Foreign Policy
  13. 13. Chempakaraman Pillai
  14. 14. Anne Frank
  15. 15. Activity 4 Ideologies Put forth by both Fascists & Nazis had several similarities. Complete the Table
  16. 16. Ideology Fascism Nazism Purity of Race Glorified Ancient Roman Empire Purity of Aryan & German Annihilation of Enemies Socialists, Leaders of Peasants & Workers, those who Opposed Socialists, Communists, Jews & Democrats Military Dictatorship Military Force – ‘Black Shirts’ • Military Force – ‘Brown Shirts’ • Secret Police – ‘Gestapo’ Aggressive Foreign Policy Conquered Ethiopia, Albania Attacked Austria & Czechoslovakia Alliance with Italy & Japan
  17. 17. World War II 1939-1945
  18. 18. Activity 5 (Group Activity) GP 1  List out the Reasons for 2nd World War GP 2  List out the Results of 2nd World War
  19. 19. Reasons of 2nd World war Victorious Nations Shared the Colonies Italy & Germany got Nothing Military Alliances Failure of League of Nations Conquering of Countries Growth of Fascism & Nazism Enmity towards Soviet Union
  20. 20. www.masocialma.blogspot.in Military Alliances During 2nd World War Japan ItalyGermany Axis Powers ChinaFrance England Allied Powers
  21. 21. Axis Powers Allied Powers
  22. 22. British and French Prime Ministers Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier sign the Munich Pact with Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. The agreement averted the outbreak of war but gave Czechoslovakia away to German conquest. Munich Pact
  23. 23. On August 23, 1939–shortly before World War II (1939-45) broke out in Europe - enemies Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union surprised the world by signing the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, in which the two countries agreed to take no military action against each other for the next 10 years. Non-Aggression Pact
  24. 24. On 1 Sep 1939 Germany attacked Poland
  25. 25. Entry of Soviet Union & America Changed the War
  26. 26. The attack on Pearl Harbor, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, the Hawaii Operation or Operation AI by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, and Operation Z during planning, was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II.
  27. 27. Mussolini Was Killed by Local Partisans Hitler Committed Suicide
  28. 28. 9 Aug 1945 Japan Surrendered
  29. 29. Guernica
  30. 30. Sadaco Sasuki – Symbol of Anti-War Feeling
  31. 31. Results of 2nd World war Over 10 Million Died Economic System Destroyed European Domination Diminished Freedom Movements Intensified America & Soviet Union as Super Powers UNO was Formed
  32. 32. 1945 Headquarters of the United Nations – New York
  33. 33. Activity 6 What are the Objectives of UNO
  34. 34. Foster Social & Economic Development of Countries Protect International Treaties & Laws Save Future Generation from War Objectives of UNO
  35. 35. Kofi A. Annan (Ghana) Term of Office: 1997-2006 Ban Ki Moon (South Korea) Term of Office: 2007- UN Secretary Generals Computer
  36. 36. Colonies Secured Freedom from Imperialist Countries through Freedom Movements Decolonization
  37. 37. USA & USSR Came as Super Powers after 2nd World War Supported Freedom Movements in the Colonies
  38. 38. M.K. Gandhi (India) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the Preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Born: October 2, 1869, Porbandar Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi (1883–1944) Assassinated: January 30, 1948, N Delhi Siblings: Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi, Raliatbehn Gandhi, Karsandas Gandhi
  39. 39. Nelson Mandela (South Africa) Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African Anti-Apartheid Revolutionary, Politician, and Philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. Born: July 18, 1918, Mvezo, South Africa Died: December 5, 2013, Houghton Estate, Johannesburg, South Africa Influenced by: Mahatma Gandhi, Walter Sisulu, Albert Lutuli Awards: Nobel Peace Prize, Presidential Medal of Freedom, more Spouse: Graça Machel (m. 1998–2013), Winnie Mandela (m. 1958–1996), Evelyn Mase (m. 1944–1958)
  40. 40. Quami Nkrumah (Ghana) Kwame Nkrumah PC led Ghana to independence from Britain in 1957 and served as its Prime Minister and 1st President. Nkrumah first gained power as leader of the colonial Gold Coast, and held it until he was deposed in 1966. Born: Sep 21, 1909, Nkroful, Ghana Died: April 27, 1972, Bucharest, Romania Spouse: Fathia Nkrumah Children: Samia Nkrumah, Gamal Nkrumah
  41. 41. Jomo Kenyatta (Kenya) Jomo Kenyatta was a Kenyan Politician and the First President of Kenya. Kenyatta was the leader of Kenya from independence in 1963 to his death in 1978, serving first as Prime Minister and then as President. Born: October 20, 1891, Gatundu, Kenya Died: August 22, 1978, Mombasa, Kenya Succeeded by: Daniel arap Moi Children: Uhuru Kenyatta, Margaret Kenyatta, Christine Wambui, Anna Nyokabi, Jane Wambui Spouse: Ngina Kenyatta (m. 1951–1978) Education: University College London, University of London, London School of Economics and Political Science
  42. 42. Ahmed Sukarno (Indonasia) Born: June 6, 1901, Surabaya, Indonesia Died: June 21, 1970, Jakarta, Indonesia Succeeded by: Suharto Spouse: Heldy Djafar (m. 1966–1969), more Children: Megawati Sukarnoputri, Rachmawati Sukarnoputri, more The first President of Indonesia, serving in office from 1945 to 1967. He was the leader of his country's struggle for Independence from the Netherlands.
  43. 43. Ho chi minh (Vietnam) Hồ Chí Minh, born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Born: May 19, 1890, Kim Lien, Vietnam Died: Sept 2, 1969, Hanoi, Vietnam Organizations founded: Communist Party of Vietnam, Viet Minh,
  44. 44. Robert Mugabe (Zimbawe) Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the current President of Zimbabwe, serving since 22 Dec 1987. As one of the leaders of the rebel groups against white minority rule, he was elected as Prime Minister, head . Born: February 21, 1924 (age 92), Kutama, Zimbabwe Spouse: Grace Mugabe (m. 1996), Sally Hayfron
  45. 45. Aung Sang (Mayanmer) He is considered Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar who served as 5th Premier of the British Crown Colony of Burma from 1946 to 1947. He was the founder of the Communist Party of Burma. Bogyoke (Major General) Aung San (13 Feb 1915 – 19 July 1947) was a Myanmar statesman, firstly Communist and later Social Democratic politician, revolutionary, nationalist, founder of the Tatmadaw,
  46. 46. USA v/s USSR
  47. 47. The Enmity based on Ideological Conflict and Political & Diplomatic Confrontations btween USA & USSR
  48. 48. 2 Blocs Started New Military Alliances America NATO, SEATO, CENTO WARSAW PACT Soviet Union
  49. 49. Military Pacts NATO SEATO CENTO WARSAW PACT Year 1949 1954 1958 1955 Place Washington Manila Middle East Warsaw Head Quartes Brussels Bangok Angara Mosco Members America & Allies America & Allies America & Allies Russia & Allies
  50. 50. Bipolar Politics Historian Arnold Toynbee used this Term
  51. 51. Non-Aligned Movement  Many Independent Countries after 2nd War  Realized Cold War was another Imperialism  It would Threaten World Peace  Not joined any of the Blocs  Formed Non-Aligned Movement “Non- Alignment doesn’t mean to keep aloof from World affairs. Rather, it is to face many issues we Confront.”
  52. 52. Non-Alignment Leaders Ahmed Sukarno (Indonesia) Jawaharlal Nehru (India) GamalAbdul Nasser(Egypt) MarshalTito (Yugoslavia)
  53. 53.  Part of Turkish Empire until 1st W War  Britain took over it  Britain helped to form a Jewish State   History of Israel
  54. 54. Arthur Balfour, British Foreign Secretary declared the establishment of a Jewish State in West Asia as a reward for the help from Jews in the W War
  55. 55. Establishment of a Homeland for Jews Idea by Theodor Herzl in his book The Jewish State
  56. 56.  In 1948 Israel was Formed  War between Israel & Arab Nations  Israel seized Palestinian  Palestinians Migrated to Various Arab Countries  Formation of PLO
  57. 57. Palestine Liberation Organization Yasser Arafat  To establish a Nation for Palestine  Yasser Arafat as President 
  58. 58. The Oslo Accords were subsequently officially signed at a public ceremony in Washington, D.C., on 13 September 1993 in the presence of PLO chairman Yasser Arafat, the then Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and U.S. President Bill Clinton Oslo Pact
  59. 59. Oil Export as a Strategy to Resolve Palestine Issue o Reduce Oil Production o Increase Price
  60. 60. Activity 7 What are the Reasons for the Disintegration of Soviet Union
  61. 61. Disintegration of Soviet Union  Failure in the Economic Sector  Regulation on Freedom  Corruption & Inefficiency of Leaders  Administrative Measures of Gorbachev  Deviation from Socialism  Over Importance to Defence
  62. 62.  Resigned in 1991  Soviet Union Ceased  End of Cold War  Unipolar World by USA Mikhail Gorbachev
  63. 63. Gorbachev PerestroikaGlasnost Openness in Political Process Restructure of Economic System
  64. 64. Unipolar World USA Emerged as a Global Power & Centre of World Politics after the Disintegration of Soviet Union
  65. 65. Saddam Hussein Imperialist Policy of USA Paved the way for the Gulf War
  66. 66. Multi National Companies Serving the Interests of Capitalists Countries Registered in a Developed Country & Functioning in Many Countries. New Imperialism
  67. 67. Multi National Companies - Features The Economy of many Countries Collapsed
  68. 68. Different Concepts of New Imperialism Liberalisation Globalisation Privatisation
  69. 69. Activity 8 Write Short Note on the Following  Liberalisation  Privatisation  Globalisation
  70. 70. World Bank IMF WTO Globalisation
  71. 71. Activity 9 Compare the Advantages & Disadvantages of Globalisation
  72. 72. Globalisation - Advantages  Transfer of  Goods  Products  Services  Information Technology Beyond Boundaries
  73. 73. Globalisation - Disadvantages  Nation States are Challenged by MNCs  Indigenous Culture Destruction  Price of Agricultural Products Plunged  Public Sector undertakings Destroyed  Less Social Service from Govt.  Natural Resources were Looted
  74. 74. Additional Activities 1. Compare the Military Alliances during 1st & 2nd World War 2. 3. 4. 5.

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