Land Reforms : An overview

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Land Reforms : An overview

  1. 1. LAND REFORMSGROUP 2André MüllerElsa OuvrardIeva BriceIpsit Dash
  2. 2. CONTENT– Land Grabbing– What is Land Reform?– Why Land Reform is needed?– Guidelines Sustainable Land Reforms– Insight into Land Reforms in India and Latvia- Conclusion2
  3. 3. LAND GRABBING3
  4. 4. DEFINING LAND GRABBINGInvestment in large-scaleareas of arable land Food SecurityPROCESSMOTIVESTHE HOWcontentiousWHODomestic and transnationalcompaniesscale andfrequencyDRIVERSPopulation Life Styles Biofuel4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Livelihoods of Smallholders, the landless, Indegenous peopleCheap promisesExclusion and ExpropriationVicious Cycle of PovertyEnvironmental DegradationsDeveloping CountriesPROBLEMS7
  8. 8. THE NEED FOR LAND REFORMS8
  9. 9. WHAT IS LAND REFORM?Two different approaches:- Property Rights Theory- Evolutionary Theory of Land Rights9
  10. 10. GUIDELINES FOR A SUSTAINABLELAND REFORM- Government to facilitate- Participatory and transparent design- Flexibility in implementation- Decentralised and locally managed reforms- Measures to improve access- Monitoring- Post-reform structures10
  11. 11. QUICK FACTSIndia LatviaArea vs PopulationIndex0,00271 0,0311GDP per capita ($) 3.851 18.140Income Category( World Bank IncomeCategories)Low Upper MiddlePoverty Share Index Ranked 1;(41 % of world’s poverty)Ranked 78Landuse –Agriculture (%)51,63 28,6411
  12. 12. LAND REFORM IN INDIAPre Independence-Land ReformPost Independence-Land Reform- Land for the tiller and Growth with EquityVoluntary Land Reform Movements12
  13. 13. LAND REFORM IN INDIACOMMENTSAbolition of Intermediaries and Land Ceiling ActsLand Grabbing instances common after Globalization and Industrialization.Problems of Landless labour situationBenami Transactions, Redistributed Land are mostly fallow and waste land.13
  14. 14. LATVIAN LAND REFORMSPeasant Reform (1861)Post WW1 Reform (1920)Post WW2 Reform (1945)Post Disintegration of USSR Reform (1991)14
  15. 15. PROBLEMSPROBLEMSProblems with Restoring Property RightsNo Access to Own PropertyFragmentation of the Land15
  16. 16. CONCLUSION- Prioritizing the poor- Participation- Awareness- Framework - Regulation and Legislation- India and Latvia16
  17. 17. Thank you for listening!17
  18. 18. PICTURESLand Grabbing:http://dapa.ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/spooner_1504_main-420x01.jpgLand Grabbing Sketch:http://elface.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/ellen-li-elface-land-grabs-in-africa.jpghttp://www.thebrokeronline.eu/var/broker/storage/images/blogs/a-new-agriculture-Scalefor-food-security/the-myths-of-global-land-grabbing-untangled/131607-2-eng-GB/The-myths-of-global-land-grabbing-untangled_full_view.jpgHayhttp://4.bp.blogspot.com/_YI7ppcKmicc/TB3PK-BBkfI/AAAAAAAAGRk/FSjIks5i1iA/s1600/6132.jpgWherehttp://trendreport.betterplace-lab.org/media/usr/000/003/067/Auswahl_002_1.pngFarmershttp://www.hakinetwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Download1.jpgIFAD.http://www.ifad.org/english/land/women_land/Fronthttp://blog.worldagroforestry.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/african-agriculture1.jpg18

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