Dark diamond

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Dark diamond

  1. 1. Dark DiamondDevelopment in Africa Gang Yang Ipsit Dash
  2. 2. The Dark Continent Largest Juvenile Army Home of Human in operation, Species, AIDS, Highest Drug Cannibals Trafficking Average 54 Countries, income =1500 languages, $ 0.70 1 Billion People /person/day 46% world diamonds, Highest Debt 21% world gold, Profiles, 16% world uranium, Lowest Rankings in 62% world PlatinumHuman Development Index 25 million HIV +, 90% world Malaria,
  3. 3. •Most countries have strugglingEconomy, especially Mid- Africa.•Snail paced GDP with MountingInflation.•Zimbabwe, Congo D.R, Liberia haveNegative GDP and Rising Inflation !•Western Sahara, South Sudan,Guinea- Bissaue have NegativeInflation Rates  Lower Income 0- $ 995 Lower Middle $ 996- $ 3945 Upper Middle $ 3946- $ 12195 Higher Income $ 12196 ++
  4. 4. Late Independence•Colonization•Dictatorship MDGs not fulfilled•Slave Trade •Health Care•Religious- Ethnic Group conflicts •Poverty •Education Increased Rise of Local Mafia Declining •Increased Juvenile Crime Privatization Economy •Drug Trafficking •Less Democracy and •Control of Diamond Mines More Bureaucracy and Oil Fields. Ex- RUF • Top 1% population have access to 90 % resources. China owns 40% Sudan Oil reserves •High Corruption Clipped Demographic Development •Limited Urban development Features •No infrastructure for •High Population Technology •Disease prone •No sustainable resource •Hostile Environment extraction •Lack of Support for development
  5. 5. •Almost all African Countries have LowHarmony Index.•Majorities of Refugees in Africaoriginate from Middle Africa. (Evidentfrom map)•This most violent area is just the areawith the lowest income group .
  6. 6. •Africa has largest reserves ofCrude Oil and Diamonds.•Some countries have + BOT•Due to Large reserves of minerals( gold,diamond) and crude oil etc.•Improving infrastructure.•But majority of countrieshave – BOT even they haveplenty of mineral reserves( Congo, Namibia) and oil deposits( Sudan, Egypt)
  7. 7. •Surprisingly, Most corrupt countrieshave better standards of livingindicating unequal resourceallocations!•Least corrupt countries have majorityof population below poverty line.•Millennium Development Goals notfulfilled (even after 12 years ofimplementation).•High rates of HIV, Malaria, InfantMortality rates in mid Africa.
  8. 8. Points to Ponder!!• Better Organized Governance System to facilitate proper resource allocation. Ex- African Union• Heavy investment in Public Sector to improvise Infrastructure, health and Education.• Combined military efforts to curb Violence and Local Uprisings.• Treating the problem of Africa as our own problem and cooperating for its sustainable development.

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