Ippnw India

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Ippnw India

  1. 1. In the name of God
  2. 2. The most terrible word in the world is the war
  3. 3. Sulfur mustard
  4. 4. We will talk about : <ul><li>What is S.M </li></ul><ul><li>Types of exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Short term effects </li></ul><ul><li>Long term effects </li></ul><ul><li>treatment </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is sulfur mustard ? <ul><li>Type of chemical warfare agent that is known to alkilate DNA at 06 position of guanine and causes cross-linking of DND. </li></ul><ul><li>Vesicant or blistering agent. Smell like garlic,onion, mustard and sometimes has no odor. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a vapor ,an oily-texture liquid or a solid. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is sulfur mustard ? <ul><li>Can be clear ,yellow , brown in form of liquid or solid. </li></ul><ul><li>S.M is not found naturally in environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Until recently it was used for treatment of psoriasis but currently it has no medical use. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How can people be exposed to S.M? <ul><li>If S.M is released in to air as a vapor, can be exposed through skin, eye, breathing . </li></ul><ul><li>If S.M is released in to water , can be exposed by drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>S.M can lest 1-2 days in the environment or weeks to months under very cold conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>S.M breaks down slowly in the body,so repeated exposure may have cumulative effect. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Short term effects of S.M <ul><li>Depend on severity of exposure symptoms may occur during 2-24 h after exposure. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Short term effects of S.M <ul><li>Skin : </li></ul><ul><li>Erythem and burning </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammation and blister </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary infection </li></ul>
  10. 10. Short term effects of S.M <ul><li>Eyes : </li></ul><ul><li>Irritation , redness </li></ul><ul><li>Pain, photo phobia, </li></ul><ul><li>Dead white band on the exposed area of conjunctiva . </li></ul><ul><li>Gray and hazy cornea </li></ul><ul><li>Contracted pupil </li></ul>
  11. 11. Short term effects of S.M <ul><li>Respiratory tract: </li></ul><ul><li>runny nose,sneezing , hoarseness, sinus pain ,shortness of breath, cough . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Short term effects of S.M <ul><li>GI tract : </li></ul><ul><li>abdominal pain, </li></ul><ul><li>nausea , vomiting , </li></ul><ul><li>diarrhea </li></ul>
  13. 13. Long term health effects of S.M <ul><li>skin </li></ul><ul><li>respiratory tract </li></ul><ul><li>eye </li></ul><ul><li>Carcinogen </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological problems. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Long term health effects of S.M <ul><li>Chronic and painful sores </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic ulceration </li></ul><ul><li>Scar ( sexual dysfunction due to scrotal and penile scar) </li></ul><ul><li>Pigmentation </li></ul>
  15. 15. Long term health effects of S.M <ul><li>Asthma, </li></ul><ul><li>bronchitis, </li></ul><ul><li>recurrent pneumonia, </li></ul><ul><li>aphonia,hoarseness </li></ul>
  16. 16. Long term health effects of S.M <ul><li>Recurrent or persistent corneal ulceration </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic conjunctivitis </li></ul><ul><li>Severely burning leads to blindness </li></ul>
  17. 17. Long term health effects of S.M <ul><li>Skin cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Lung cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Leukemia </li></ul>
  18. 18. Long term health effects of S.M <ul><li>Severe depression </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>PTSD (post traumatic stress disease) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good that he will most certainly give them security in exchange of their fear. Holy Qran

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