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Hijaama
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Hijaama

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  • 1. © www.nashiri.net "#$ % & ' %( © "#$ % )$ *+,- .$/ ' %( 2004 2& -0 1 $' 0 1
  • 2. 6$& ( * . * . : * : 7 28 • ! " # $%&' • () * + , ! - • ./&' 0 .. - .* • 123 4 • .(( )) 5 #/) • : $: 28 5 " 4 1 *89 • 5 : " 4 ;<= >* • ;?@ A • '(%< $= >' ? :; $: 28 . *@ = B • . : 1 ? • .E@ = )C 5 D • ..#* F *: • .G ) * &= ! $%&' • .(( :8 ))* (( . #/ : )) ! - &" '# • . 5 H I )JK • . L #8 • @- 28 .G M &L C !4 • .N/ & * /O) !L 5 • . L #8 • 2
  • 3. . 4C (L C !4 • $= % (%< B'? :A $/ 28 : -#K / ../C4 / • . O / • .. , / • . / / • . -P ( • /Q/ R • (#$/ • @C ( • "#$ % '# D E 'F • 3
  • 4. G HI .P '2 SK PC T ! BU .VWJ2 L Q / SK* Y P Z#... . * X*# B U ..…Y [OZ S/C K B U* ,,,, Q / ^ '0 K JK ' H( KL$ HMN 4
  • 5. H( $8 4 P& >* P A B * Y G/L# ' LB :W4 * $W * Y .: = ! ) !&) ,,, - K ....!2( ( "O P 2&HM "O EE/ (`aa`) a 5 a * a &) 1 a !aa a " a MW V a b a / /aa a f= G a M9 a& ag# / &, 1 ! MW V ) c% d &C L *e a ' * - a k - a '/ O - a C - C a )) h a $ H a L Taa' ? a 1 # a i !aa .(( - - L# O )& = $ Z* S 4' SK # & B 1 ! +/C % * .h - U* h & L i &- g< (( /C * 8 )) ' 4' 4 sMK SK* . ((HOLISTIC)) a /) t a a ua O e a a a5 a & 1 MW + /'K 5 ? T iJ * . C $8 O L2 * . C ?%' h M $ f? &) @H & - ^W ( LK* .)$ N7$- = $<( :R P S :>'(F? T 0 UF # t b! C * :1 &C * #/ s ! M " 4 ) 1/ s - • ." # "& 1 " V ,C L2 *K I& ! .w , 9 * 1 &C ! , 1 O>* t b ! *: &) w , 9 - • : '(& & H' = $<( :R ' $V $ :: 4 K $ B U 4C* .(( BC – B ) – B 4 )) O " P K /' - W' H - a ) a a *K : a a 5 aC d a ' Baa yaai - a * :TC XFY % & - Taa d a C c%aa SK a[ZW a a O z/ a4 saaMK a5 = &aa a sa O * &aaa F aa ! /aaa= a a taaa5 / a a 'K a aM/5 a af V ) a a- a a C - a aL #8 . J{ - C @? >* P- > " 1 # 4 * R a5* a a4 a5 aC d a ' B yi - * "" ' - ^ 4 "": F#$' - . ) 1#4 a5 a & a4 a ) " |aaO' Baa yaai - a >9 : " a L : X Z - X 'YS - . - - sJ/ SF /aa $8 a 2 a 4 a 5 a C tb a C a 5 a 5 a - F a - a * : - $XX- [ X - . # 4 R 5* ) 5
  • 6. : /a a / ta b !a a * a [ :2A ^Wa a5 ua " *: KH F P W' # - . i . i :2{ ! k* [ :{ - u " * :} ? -* = - a4 !a @ = )C 5 ./ 8 S Z ~ ZK B * (( &b )) : - ) a 4- )aaL X* a M • a ZK a - !aa a L O : a ( a 4 a > J ;*€aa? : " a L - .. $ OI )L /- a4 !a aO " d a ' B != * ;*€= |OC- @ 4 : '<] ( 1$= $= - . & F y ,C * s O ;*€a? : " aL - 4 ! O " d ' 5 S Z • ZU B * : /Q/ R - aC F a sa O a $ OaI )aL /- ) a4- )aL X* M • ZU g > J . & F y ,C * 1Wai a5 a a C-V a a5 S/a= Pa'K a ! a-* PC - V O * :H8 - .P h [' $ &? $ &J B U ^W ! +/C % ^ * aC a) J aQ/- a * a ' = !a a sC @a> O * #/a4= ^W / * : 'M= - a = S*8 : a=Z<- a )-#* ai - Ba $#/a4= : a[ (a ? a - Pa Ra4 * . /b $ O :^-$ ( "O : R : $V $ $# aQ 8 /a c%a S/a= a * a &b 8 /a !a ) a4-* aCC 1 a M %aJK ta b !a * . CC k* $ &? 1 =- 1%JK DU • &&4 * : ( &D, $- _+< :R <- K $ @aaaMK !aaa %aaa (aaaM/ * ( aa4 aa'F / Baaa aa * :}aa / -* ? - .4 b 'F / a /' (a4Z a H 5 - PC C * % [C B * :0 5 2 () - H = & ? * : 4M9 :2F< $- = $<( :R F $ $ $#/aL a5 B a G a .0 a 5 2 (a) * a % ! aC ta b !a ! Q ! @J * @ C w aI a '/)- !aa ^ a" h a D }aa- @&aL = aL 5 1 a f @aa? !aa Baa ? ag )) "69 " a { W . [ Y V > (( S* =O :/ { } D 5 SU ; C OI P 5 P' / K " bXZ X1 c$XY c0 )) G a 5 @a4 - 0* a - aL* Pa Y B > = G/L B>*K * PaM JK (( d X YP cP "X P $X K$X XND P 2XFN - XZ P UX= e XZ X 1 ' U & LP > .R 6
  • 7. !a a f= a a5 Pa /'K a " - @a C @a4 $ H 5 f 1 L # T &gK * .• 9 :2 @F%- = $<( :{ ^Waa Baa saa ? a eaa Z +/aaQ/ %aa G/aaZ a i O 4 a 1 a L #8 ‚ a C * . O " @> O 1 - * :s * :EK $- = $<( $#* a S #*8 a4 Ba a B */'<- '* 4 * CJ 4 G C V b$ * O " 8 y ,C : 4 R 5* / 6$X= $<( >X f X DXI "<X # $X gXh & U& X iK$X XP jMXk $( 2'X8 >X G X - $X * Xk XVK ( XO "XF $lM' $XkP f # $l# :Y '<'MO ))): XI SP m+XF E+X8 2Xh1P ^X'%N U& $ kK $&$. > M <# m %< nDI H P .((( $= U%N ƒƒt5/ Y* JK ' H( P KL$ HMN dr$, - – $'M' 7
  • 8. H'l(# $= U%N @ 8? a5 ? } D 5 h " 4 • 9 ! $ + /'K ^W 5 h # - Y P Z . * S ? .%aa • a +/aa' (aa4Z ,Paa4OC- a i S a ? 8 /aa * a &b w a , K !aa ) a 4& 1 a ' = .P ! a f= „ a a ) J a5 + a-K a a • 9 … &- > " 1 O>/ T F 2* a H # Oaa>* a 'K h a Z2 a' &JK (aa &) %a * , a&b9 aZK Ba U Caa> a b 0 a K SK a - . C g uJ#* & ? b 4- k# G/ O agK : a @aaZ ? a5 aI / a- h - a GsaaC Baa U Taa M# :1984 : a : a 9 aZK Baa5* a' &JK a MW B Š IK .% ( &) S ?* 0/ w K (" C (# 5 )J . 0 JK $ * ) LK ! C'<- SU ) a4- , a" 2 )) $#/ a, Pa M a G a a M# Z . * I C * .(( Y I , h aQ/ : a @aZ ? a - Ba-K : a a :/a Ba5* 9 $ I ! :/C ) LK Y B a> a= G/aL !a CaL a '<- a' &JK* aH 5* a a O ? X I* . L* P S a?* 0/a w a K (a" C 8 a5K a[ @a? a - :/a K* ZK 'K* ! } D %C * . =, .K PM *K C h H 8 RH C - '8*s . * V 2* $ - „H C T' ?* • 9 * 1 - > ! f= T * ^Wa * Q () T&&ZK* ' & - :/ 4 5 L #8 T ?K !a Taf - G a %a - a> " a &) 1 €a @a? #/iZ B h Z TC?* &) )) a 12 a 2 =&aI Tg aL :1999 : a Ba5* .. MK 5 :/ c% M * ( ? . Q 1 M/5 & @J 8 (( T' '2 a5 ? a5 $ , C $#/g P- D‹5 (( @ & () - )) % ! h /b Tf - W 8 a5K a Y Paa Z# (( /" aI ! a K a )).#/aa4 a) !aa @aa M a W - DU* •#9 + a - )) D a L9 a %aa ^ a JU Baa Š a IK a * (( (aa * a )) h a H # h a a . (( B' #8 & $ a G*2* a , ?K a - D‹aa5 , 0 a $8/aaM/ ) a 4& 1 a / - Paa '# * Paa Taa bK .(( )) ! )C * @4 4 % @f - ( = h "I a - T a K a a & TaC?* $ aH O a B Z w = % h " ( ?K SK C 1# L# • L 5 THE WAY COLLEGE OF ORIENTAL THERAPIES & BODY )) ((WORK 8
  • 9. Ca Ta& b* (( a s * .#/a?* S - * ! )) LA V I w/CM ! 1 M $ - h i K* aL # a - c%a Ta' ?* .Ba G a C 1 a / !a @aH Js- D‹5 G/Z as a !aa $8 aI Baa T a ! a> / ! a $ a a M a - * . a w/ aL<- .(( )) 5 @ & () . & <- ! 4 5 ? R 'K *$ C4 c% - 8 8FK * ,, 8 m H- @'(=% #$' # @ JK ' H( KL$ HMN 9
  • 10. 7 28 • . ! " # $%&' • .() * + , ! - • .(( )) 5 #/) • 123 4 • 10
  • 11. : $= % (%< t& < SK -" [ : B K " @ = )C 5 $ O,- ) , X* M • ZK . "" / 1 L ? "" H / w /?K )L /- `` )C c% 5 ./ 8 S Z • ' 11
  • 12. : $= U%N >N '/&K$# EDM - 5 ?€ 1 b/)" ! $# iZ .K / " 8 = 2 1 O ! f= & &) 1 ! c k* % 18 5K C $# i 5 .Ks 2 $ Z * $ Z/? S 4' - T * @aaf $ a f= 1 a + /aa'K !aa c a - a !aa +/aaC %aa ! a- /aa 8 a ' a ? . / 1Q * !C ' & J L2 * %`` ! C * - >9 - yi * - - sJ/ , C * #/?* S - @f B 9 V , w/ I @? T 5 } %?* a= G/aaL Baa>/5 :WaaL aM* a a a %aaC w a Š a * . ?# & !C4 ! CL T &><5 - :W4 * $W @i5K P a a5 a 4 w /aa?9 Taa' ? a 5 a H - a )- @ a 4 h a a Taa' ?* .‚ %'A $ 5/ T' ? 8/ ! k* #/f S *K # "O ! C *K a K VWa - a Ta)& # a * • ! ,? T5 - C-/ I* . O * #/ ) @f $ 1 ` ! -* - :/ S ? e Z '* a C ea Z a $ a f= 1 aQ 2 ak# @ % - S/ / C f= G F 2* # a 4 • a 9 !aa a f= @`aa C SK !aa= !aa a * " a 4 8 /aa a ) : a G/aaZ . ? O * a G/aaZ ' a4'U d/aa)" G*K a& /aa * (( ; - &aa4 -K)) P aLK w a ? ‚ aC * )) a ! aQ ' a) & a a5 S{ 8/aM/ /a * a '/ O $# ai 8/a d/)" % * a ? a) J d/a)" %a 5 ! &b9 Q* * . • ! V L * .((E @ O ?* S 4' 4 * www.islamonline.net/livedialogue/arabic/browse.asp?hGuestID=RIM452&hCounter 12
  • 13. .(( $= U%N )) 1 (%< K O Ba aCC a „ aC Pa 18 5K* - O " &) 1 = T : aa Z9 aaO " w /aaa?9 @aaaf aaO " aa 1 *8K /aaa) aa aa * e aa w/ aaL9 $#* a yaa,C eaa Z } a @aag g<aa • a a * a5 a a 4 b C w /aa?9 * . / ux > G l y Z uHF R h&P $l- m$= 7 $ %/ $= u v - E[l= "w$ 'F'e$ , u vY M' 1 >/ O MU @f CgK f ( L9 @=- ' L2 hi K * $ H O ! ?< MK - P Z - * -* @& … &" . $/M 13
  • 14. :"O f >'- $= : $= '%(N 1 N dP CL )) S2 B Z* :WL N*s- %C T' =5 , - = G/L B>*K .@ M - h M S/ 4 W g# / (( ?# & : O ³ , GA !- Y & !- s s & ³ , Z 4 0/ 5 C t5 '* 8/ 4 - = ‚C @ * ƒ Q* C= K* ƒ d I ‚C @ * . B h 5 ? h - /M #K << E * , k Z .P MK : B) K* ƒ Z L* P Y B > &C * ƒ U ^ Z ! ^W +/' Q/ - $ &J C S‹5 ƒ - ! " 0 C? K* Q/ @ > O * ** .:/ G Z ŠW J } D ŠW J2 : $= "O . /Z 1 [O … - ‚ C T' ? * G/Z &) h #{ TO J PbW J / % - &) 1 ! f= Š : B U 18K w &L9 * ! !? 9 … - 5 J8 * ```g*#/ ``` & , * 1 8 - t g/ Pb & # * .$D/ , * @M ! f= &= B- CCb* c% ! * C ; C ! f= -K e Z µ 4 g< ¶b " 1 L# S? * :1 L# :@f h M #/ <- : 2 : * % OC H & ) . 4 8/ ) : • (( / -. , - O - ./C4 )) /- : • -* @& 1 #/[ – … )) @f d* , &- : • (( . O * !-s : • .( C * @M * $D/ , G J8U • !a 0<aC - a S/a= SK Ba U 18K $ `a)" * ¶`ab " 1 `aL# c%a @? a |aLK* #*%aM Pa a ? a - Š a 2 : `a` Ba U `a -* `f ` &) 1 L# . > ** 2002 / ? 11...17658 ..B WL2 14
  • 15. a M / Ba U $8/ , $#/f 5 : 9 c% 5 G != * Ta * a S a -* #/L 5 ! $/J2 `` Z $ &= * $ f= 1 Z C * . &) Š I Ta M * a %a - a /'K a " - :W @H L* : B U 18K w &L9 c% @? . C ! Q! % 0/ 4 B 0 &= 1 6Sz$F# {$l G$ U# $= $- $lC+N U# | 7 I $ :; :^ : C ?%' h M $ f? . [ i Vs 1 - >U :2A • .. H O O C + • .! s O C + • .+ • . 4C , $#* w k :2A • . [ :2A • : ' 4 i • .#/ C • • .( • • . 4C i • .. =4 • .. &= • .S b 4 • • : } + t , .#/4 ) - $# F* 5 '* 1W L 8/M/ • 9 c% @? : / B M SK u " .K ) 4 * http://www.thingsnotsaid.org/ 15
  • 16. $: 28 . 5 " 4 1 *89 • . 5 : " 4 ;<= >* • . ;?@ A • 16
  • 17. $= '%(N T1 H/ F( 6 LS . > J M MF ;<? • . WZ $ OI • . I • .G I2 L V#* • .0/ ) • .!) • . &b F O • 17
  • 18. $= '%(N 1 mH/ F( ux t. G L- 4 ! @ = )C 5 ./ S Z2 ! +/' • ZU B @ W h G* ) tC g ³O C !)- 1 D ( / 1 L ?) L - Š ^ Ms ! /C > J ;*€? . [C $ 4 O- C !)& ! >K ) - ! /C *K 1 ' / … & 5º / S* ! $%" ;*€= c% T' ? h * - 5 1#/) * ƒ(! @ K C ) /& & (,J S kK @f 5» / & 1 &C S :» R4 5 OI* * O [C / 4 .* ^ Ms ! /C ;*€? B U .:/ ! M "4 3 - 18
  • 19. $= uxY 2(N ' ~ aH V #*K !aa S/aa= SK @aa» O~* a @=aa,- .K ƒ@=aa, i a b* " a #* a ) V a - :/aa ' .: " 4 ;<= /5 5 P J8U + ) 4 - I /4 a = X/a @OaLK Ba $ aI & ;<= /5 t ' ;<= @J 8 @ , d* " G J8U - %a * ;<a= @aJ 8 /a !a ¼ &? ¼ sM V - % @ , #/ d* " :/ 5 (2I$ O ) • a O"'2 %aa G½ a W h a ;<aa= a /5 !aa Paa-% * a u a 5 yaai a 5 ha Q O"' • a ~ Q/ ./ 8 S Z [ }% '* ;<= 5 @> & a, (aa) a5 G* a +/aaC %aa * (( X1$= X $= )) /aa 1 aL =- Š a a /a * & * i :2{ … - ! O" 5P HO C &' : 4M9 * w/ ( &b G »8 * (1) &b K . % C- ? +/Q/ 5 h )aL ha H * h aL/ • a ;<a= @aJ 8 h a W aO $# c% * w% % SU c%a c8# /a 8 8sa 5 w%a hai K : a ai" ea Z ƒ a aL<? a Ta»f & @a = a )C 5 ha /' a / $#* a 5 : ‚ I C- h-D M 5 ? $ ;<= - 4 * ƒ )C . (uxXX f[XX HXX<-) a !aa aC a )C c%aa )aaL 1 & )aa, - : a » :/aa a - . » $8 Z $ OI Š )- . : (1) 115
  • 20. ; $: 28 '(%< $= >' ? . (%< $l%'%<# 2I$ T%N $= • .{2I$ O 1 $= •$( • .(( $= mL )) (( dH&K mH )) >'- & M/ K$ • . $= '%(N 1 <w$Z G$OP • . '(%N k KL • 116
  • 21. : (%< $l%'%<# 2I$ T%N $= U= & c$Y € kK cP» |'K ! P » >* ? * ƒPC» Z* .% 4 * 8* 8 /-K ^ JK .(1)«2I$ 1 :B 2 - s '2 ƒ M Bf )C @ = )C SK h T&g * 1 a¶ s * a a/ (H /aa, * a O * $sM a a 1a = a a )C a 'U a CgK a )C c%aa a 5 (H /aa, c%aa a eaa Z ƒ a O a¶ s SF/aa 1 D $ a &= .:/C !a a)J W5 #/ C *K . =4 • ! ' S ? / * B Z '/ < )C 'U SK a b 1 a- a K a C „ aC SK S*8 Oa, aL a '‹5 } %a? ƒ )a4 1 & ), .h > 4* + Q*9 * Š* [ 50 ~ .h )J Z M S/= /8 *K K ! "@ = " )C c% / J (( J l >N jO & $ )) Y G/L# V > SP ,G L 2Y > @ # $= „mH M%… ^MMk G L 2Y cP "" h H W P- >K B>*K ."" (= $1 ! h /CL u¿" .#* i ! P'K S 4Z‹- - ! * : = @L - > ‚#8K } % . - 1 = c% 375/ +,- 1950 1 2 ..(208 207/6) " # $./ ..(3860) +,- (169 195/4) " # $% % &' () (1) .?@' (A B 4 5' + C# ..(339/9) :; ()8 2 < => ..(210/4) 6-7 89 ..(1483) +,- (1152/2) " # 34 ( 34 5' 117
  • 22. 5 +O# ! $' '*8 / L* 4 - b ,' / $#* 4 y5 -* M/ / & () e () 5 P'/ 4 % * @f 9 b ,' i 9 @ ? 4 * ƒyi . i 9 H z* y ,C B .% * (H /, * 1 = ! & •fM 5 [ ./C4 #*8 B» * : U @MK ! S& 5 1 & * G ) * &= L*K h 2 RC : ! 0 J9 .0 J9 $ OH z* { 2I$ O 1 $= •$( U= & c$Y € kK cP» |'K ! P » >* ? * ƒPC» Z* .% 4 * 8* 8 /-K ^ JK .(1)«2I$ 1 &) 4 '> P + I! » = BW * c% GWJ ! » U S/= 2 $ H O * ƒ 2 M Bf )C @ = )C SK O, = : - s» 5 ƒh Z )C 1¶s * / (H /, * O * $sM 1 = )C 'U (1 .:/C CgK )C c% 5 (H /, c% @ e Z ƒ O ¶s SF/ 1 D $ &= ! )J W5 #/ C *K . =4 • ! ' S ? / * B Z '/ < )C 'U (2 SK b 1- K C „ C SK S*8 O, L '‹5 } %? ƒ )4 1 & ), .h > 4* + Q*9 * Š* [ 50 ~ .h )J Z M S/= /8 *K K ! J )C 'K % B U QK (3 K C „C S ' 0 B - C &4 - C-# SU* % .h -K @ & % ! 1O i 375/ +,- 1950 1 2 ..(208 207/6) " # $./ ..(3860) +,- (169 195/4) " # $% % &' () (1) .?@' (A B 4 5' + C# ..(339/9) :; ()8 2 < => ..(210/4) 6-7 89 ..(1483) +,- (1152/2) " # 34 ( 34 5' 118
  • 23. ..(1)« & ! / * ƒ( " * ƒ: - ( % : » & '» : Y G/L# G / (H /, ( 4- :(( " *) ƒ L O Hs : .K :(: - ( % : » & ') .! * 3 s? / * - :( & ! / *) ƒP 5 &L :( $= mL) (dH&K mH ) >'- & M/ 6$ K$ G/Z O Pf - 5 /" I ! K , W » P &b9 Á 8K .% * : * LO : ! 4 u" 5 - :/ O, {: 4 ! .@ * • Â L h4 5 P PM* @ ?K B POH z** P -P 4 B @ : L #8 B . &" t O Ã Z ( LO : ! 4 u " ) $# & c% G/ ,= * 8 ¼ &) . #/ : '# * / 8 &" L #8 (@ = ) )C ! ^# " . &" u O '* .. />K t5* T MK ! % Ã "I9 ! &? : !& : ./ 5 } D* &) : 5 $8/M/ …& 1 = ? , ./ :8 SU (1 ? DU .!! &b9 , 8 # gK .% 9 / * ƒ Cf L S*8 L*# 12 M F >C B Å5 SK B G .!!… & P ? - : ^ " .P / * C 'U .K ƒ$D I G =IK 1 D ? 1 = T' ? 5 1 = >B K (2 . O 1 = -@ ! h i5 W 8K B $#8 k w/k k: * 1 = -( % SK ! S / ' P½ / % * M $ O : 1 '/= 5 B U .8€ #/ $8 O SK ! Z 5 ƒ i & P ?S& &~* ƒP 5 S 4'U ½ = @ MW * H / - >/' C ƒ C ÃW" w/ ) P ? ! ^W J* „H C @i5K B U G/>/ !4 - t» @ ½ ?* *K* b* I $ . * :/C - Z E F G# 2 .7) (313/4) = =D 2 .-/)9 (212/4) +# (3478) 4 ( (2053) ()8 2 ./ 34 5' (1) .(99/1) => A )H 2 >) I JK 2 E L (28138) 119
  • 24. B G (1100-550) h M O :8 5 )- 4 T' ? (3 ƒ c% - w/ 4 : ^ " SK S*8 4 @J 8 & SK .$ M 5 1 ? C- 5 P " L2 h uC SK B G % *hO S? :8 5 ! C = SK ?(4 . i 9 * $s M9 @? d ,' B U .8€ / (L * * 1WiO * (H /, @? . $= '%(N 1 <w$Z G$OP : $F >'NH7 uP T%N $= .(1)«W • M = 1 c$'F ‡K # uP E 1 $= » : G/L G (2) &' M S OJ S #* !% ! J9 * ;K B 0 ~ Z! 4' C'K k .Ehi K $ H O @ 5 ƒtC ($ O, ) b I SK ! J9 B CgK != ! :G/ ' % ! w / 5* 5 0 JK Z ' ! * .u", $ - .8/ * P5 U ( Šs' • 5 ZK B . / (H /, * 1 = ! D, *: +s' ! c C»- .% • - O 2 Q/ % P'9 @ C B Z h /b h K B & PZ* M* ƒ L 4Z f?K* )JK W 5 ;K &4C - } %? S/= 8 = @- ƒP ;<? T &f -/ > ! h i5 1 - W W -* •/ Q f?K 1Wi ! cº " $ I & / : [ - ;K M V * , 8/M* (&4- h 4 W .h @ = ŠW"- B / hC K f?9 * O'9 5 ƒ 4K # J » U ! 2 K ! - ºJ Y G/L#* .h Z@ = -»U 2 - $ H 5 2* @ = .(419/1) MN O # 2 P CQF $(28152) E F G# 2 .7) (1) < ) 2 >= V 4W XW . U 4% 7- 2 H $( MCN U 4% 7- ) R7 2 S75K T 8 : (2) =]' 1 < ) (A B #^ _> 9 7 F9 =CA ` K 1 $)a1 < ) 2 Q @ # / . = A ,7 Y Z74 5 [A75K .+C ' bc> d F (A 7F ' 1 2 Q XK e fW .. QLC 120
  • 25. •#/ $ C B != :("O 1 c $ ) &) P- ? 5 $ 'k >- ( &) G/ .S 4C 1 = * (H /, P 5 (L h C 4 S/= B Z / 8 $8/?# )C T4 V 4 SK ? .hb ,'* ? Z S/= f?K |= B @- ƒ Z &IK* C4 ˆˆk KL [ B * V4 * ! J9 ? O " Q/ 5$ 1 Z &) t O 0 MK ^# " : ! 1 C %J<- . &" t O : * ƒ( L (35) `- @ = )C @OLK) •/ w P'K !»& &" 1L# : % + iJU -* ƒ Q / c% 5 V/ I ! k Q/ c% 5 SK G ƒ J) * *8 e Z ! . #/ : h - , .h -K : $I } + 0 J9 !'/ $ B Q / 1 # & J2 - P C &) t O à Z - B hi K } D t&b* .t B H MU* !4 * T / e Z ! t 8 @=,- t5* ['9 M T &f B S? 5 ƒ &" 1 L #8 MU C ! ' / .P O " gK L #8 8 S/' 5y5 * />K 121
  • 26. @- 28 . $C $= Mk$ ( >F • .‰ %M O >k 1 $= • . k KL • .G$F $= Mk$ ( >F • 130
  • 27. : $C $= Mk$ ( >F : @? 5 ! ! , F* ?D ¼ "I ½ ? B u @ t &) (M/ . (1)« $= EL$< U< » : , e ƒ$ :‰ %M O >k 1 $= G C0 mH< (%< 2'%< f aZ SK Pa C » a .%a * ÅaZW !a DU ƒ a - h a s ha 8 a4 /a C 1 5 SU !aaaa Baaaa K 1 aaaa ? aaaa !aaaa S/aaaa&») N/aaaa & aaaa Z Baaaa Z ! 5 aaaa * aaaaQ * $82/aaaa ! a, !aaL V/aa5) /aa C a Z *F* a ! %aa }aa¶ *K a a'# - a ' F*9 &aa4' 1 a (6-3) G* aC : a @=a,- ƒ - a4 &a4C |OCa- h a-K a 8 F !a= 2 a b &a4' SK &) ! * .(h .1WiO - & X ) * (%10) C u ~ ..PH %k ! Q h / Z Ç (20-10) S 4' c%aa - a4 S/aa? a !aa $ a &? 1 a ? (aa») N/aa & * a /O) a Z S‹aa5 a' ?D a ?* ¿ aL . a a 'U ƒ aC a4 %aa h a ? %aa a C½ € 2 1 a = c%aa * /aa C #/aab a 5 a Z h ½ a, a4 = a 1a -* G a ) * a&= a5 aO * a 1 a = ai t b ! u C ƒha& a ? S/a - (250) ha / a4= ea Z ƒ 4 M +/Q/ S*s" b Z2 SK a - }a D* 1 a = c%a ! O4 P [ '* 4 5 hDU . ? S/ - (10) L @? .K (1) a4 4- a Pa ? aC& 5 aQU ..PaH C-* c/ ' 5 C O4 &L C 1W / / .($ )J* $ f? @? , 4 •#/ # .K SU*) 1 ! 1 = ! @ 2 » U ./ 2 C -* 1 = @? ! O4 4 S‹5 C ! / O 1 = &= ‚W L2 / 5 ! (20) ` - Kƒ Z ,CL * G ) * &= @? , K & * ƒPC u¿" ( h &? C …H O R& */C .h Z2 2 m / (143/5) [< 9 b% 8 k l 2 .7= g $(112/8) 7 g h i 2 j= 34 5' $(28147) E F G# 2 .7) 34 5' (1) MN O # 2 P CQF (21477) E F EG# 2 .7) (114/1) => A )H 2 >) I JK 2 E L (15) . >) .(154/2) C8C8 E L h 3) 7 7 Sg@ + / (%4) 3 >8@ += :[ g4 ( O n ./ [ CD = ( '1 Xo V ZF>p (1) ( c># %7A ( Xo [V :[ Cv (%96) +UAK +8< $[ C= 1 s TCA F t MH 7> _ p (A Zc5' u = =C F ( .BcD ..[ $( 7= 8= : = K 3V 7J [ Cv w < I < X' 7F x ^ $+8y ) 7=M 8 =)= K z 131
  • 28. :G/ ' X , 5 h L/ * @ O 5 $8 F* s * .. /i 8 / * ' >C ƒ (% 70-65) B ./ = SU (2) ! -/ k/ ) : w iJ / Ã J ! * - (%28-27) $ &? ? B H/Z- . S B ./ .% / * (Hemoglobin ! S» = … / C * - sM / * Globin ! -/ k (%96) ! ! -/ k/ S/= * (4) B ./ .% / * ..Heme ! (%4) * ...ƒ! L/ ƒ! 4 : C C K •/ Z ! -/ k/ .sM S‹5 % B ..Protoporphyrin ! 5#/-/ * - B U 5 Q - Z 1 #D . 1 #D ! 8 B ./ 5 ! -/ k/ &4' *K 1 = 8 SK C5 P K Z# 5 ! C B U S{ @ CC ! 4?*9 G8 & -/ > B U 8/ } D 5 (&4 * ƒ! & T'#/ DU h M O P8 8 2 ! - 2 hD‹5 .. - SW º P H# SK DU ƒP 4M 5 8 b - $ s ½ /C 1 :FW -* 1 = 8 $8 F ! -2 &= ^ Z2 % ) B Z* ƒ} D 5 P K B C : …/ 4* $ Hs 1 = 4= 5 $82/ - K.P 8 5 ! -/ k/ &4' $8 F 8/ * >C -* ! -/ * h>/ J* 4= „ /' ! 4 O4* $ b . 7 1 8 2 74 V - <M @ = h= y I7 # 2 b% 4 =8M)V v>| .I7 " {5 T 8 :Hemoglobin (Hb) (2) . - <e} @ = wF> (O = = ) •( X ) 1# ( = • € $ M ' • €) 7= > 1 } h -' ( (: 5K - <M wF - = ) = 7j h=~ 2 [ CD = .g4 # • b7J 7= >> C8C8C „ gy X€ … †C> wƒ (146) = • C8C wƒ (141) TCA M ' • C8C . l .‚= ' wƒ 150 [ CD = C „ gy X€ X / (16100) porphyrin ( ce- I U@ 3 heme += 3‰ ‚=V cD _s 74 globin [ CD T 8 ./ [ CD = C ‚=V ; X 9 ‡W e fˆ (64500) [Q8# K …>V R=J $+8y ( MC Š9 Q8@K ‡W [ ( [Q8# K 1<) ‚ ce- > _ I < .(Fe+2) € 7 7 X ' 3 <CJ .Hb [ CD = O2 [Q8# K [ b7 7 offinity M K ' "^ Q >8 = g=e ) $ = = =# cD … 7 7 -/ .g4 X =C (1000) 1ƒ TCA b-% , [ CD = .g4 X =C (250) • TCA . l I7 # X€ ( (%34) • 1j‹ [ CD = .7J , 2 [Q8# ' mygolobin [ C4 =9 @- < sigmoidal-curve K ŒL)9 + • k F9 ŒL)9 ,}F h{ Z U ) Z# C [Q8# K [ CD = Ž >V- xC8 . J 9 Po2 [Q8# K Ž vf h=~ 7)A [Q8# K 1ƒ TCA ;#' b-7, 3 ./ ( (%30) • TCA = B/ . l .( = /I D146) Tj@K 2 )= (I% = /I D160) • #/ † > X 8@ˆ I% 2 [ CD = = # †C>V .+8y 2 =C 7 7 = # 132
  • 29. B *9 - L9 5 (1)hC CM S ? » * @& ! .0 JK Z1 ? / 5* c/ ' 5 0 J9 c% @ C g ƒYolk Sac R | ? 5 »/ H& P ? T' ? C C P Z! * G ) SK ! k B @ $ ! yL*9 e f CgK } D* &= » O z/ S/= 5 $82/ -* @ ! $ J< $ O 5 K. C &L C h8 K P4O' T / 5 ½/ O .Bone Marrow y 5 : [ ' 5 1 = :[ ' R& * ! 4 " !L B Z : WJ 4 : [ @? ' ½/ !L - K .w/&C[ * i [ / :49 ( O>K) h I }D - /) u * +WQ9 * 1 O ? H , : [ 'B : 1 ? ¿/ 5! , c O4 4 & ) (/ C / !L @& ) $ 4= 1 =5 C -* hDU . O * hi K #* Q ! -/ ? 0 JK 8 / * > C * P .#* Q Z ! P/ B h C- C 1 /C4 c% b . 4M b " 4 •#/ 1 = c% # * (/ C / B Z $82/ ! ) u '* SF/ &4' 1 (6-3) # - ( b …O"' e Z / C / - K .#* Q $ L O * 1 = ! u " 5 . ?% - 4 $ O ! 0 J9 8 / (¿) $8 s5 %?* ..! H ƒG ) ƒS #* F M ƒ &= ºL 2 i 9 5 ? $ H O c% C * ..h M .4 'K @? 5 1 & 5 ! # L/ ! &? (L .8€ SK != 4 5 P % * ƒhi K 4 WJ @? 5* : 5 (» L Hs SU DU ƒh M h D€ } D S/= * . / 1) •* & € @ / ZK P'K !»& DU ƒP & 4 # g{ ! ˆˆk KL T /' ? à "IK Z! „ C : 1 L #8 M‹- &) b: ƒ *8 * J ) e Z ! . #/ : ! w : % SK * M/5 ƒ: (20) !L .: (20) V/5 (L C !4 5 |= B .E X D : =9 F LH U) • => =4 g=M 2 h4 9 (1) 133
  • 30. :G$F $= Mk$ ( >F h &b h5 T M $# SK } D ;< !L B)" B Z $K 2 b ,' 5 / #*8 B & … &5 ƒ@b : ! u " SK P WJ ! )4 P- ;<- 2 h sM S G ) * &= S‹5 } D B U 5 Q - .. / Z ^*K 5 ?* .M C 1 '/= ! $8 O L2 * = =O - / ( 1 = ) @b : ! (1) •º ƒ / $#* H z* 5 @ J .K • W¶ * ƒ$K ! … :8 ^* "-* : ? VWbU 5 G ) 4 * ƒ 5 $ M / 8 W"- : 5 :[ ' 4 Z ! /J8 @& ! 4C 1 &») SK ' } % .../ yi d/& FU '½ " s .. ! Z c% ! J8 / 4C * G M P&») O Q Ç& … +)' .} D ! Y G/L# ' ' % * ƒ# i Ç - P 5 … 1 *% M‹5 -* i" Š* [ |OC Q J R& *… / ;< !L $K Ç& C K 8/ $ M M/ / - M/ / s 5 Z T J8 } %- S/= * ! , !L Bº " .% @M ) * u' BU : yQ + O # ! 5 :$ • K /,C ½ 4M* 4O' 1 B U G ) "Q* :s * * ./ = #/ * , * . =4 • K BU 1) BU / +)' ( #/ [ - K & ? ƒ f? k* ;K :2A* 3 Q* /H 1 Z , #2 * ƒh -K PC @ - 2 h F2 h'/' * h h K R& C * ..! s ! ) 4- $ O- … .. 4 * 4OC # L $K P 5 G/J Š# , B *K ;< !L T J8 $K SK :(1) &b9 ÅZ2 * . (¿ M & ) - - >Ë •» (! -#9 !L T» " ) S/= $8 -) / 4C $ 1 - V/O % 5 4C - >U SU* ƒ / *9 ( .% . H ' @=,- Ri S{ B U $ [ c% ='= @ * . - ;< !L B U ! ;< !L ! - / 4C ** ƒ$ [ c% @ J / c ' ?D .% @ % * .( ) &) - ! 3 OI* .[ -• 3‰ @ˆ z • X € eW b% € + w L (1) .( 7 =A K C< z ') . gv % 4 ‘ | g gA - #7 (1) 134
  • 31. . (2)«G G Š - J H & S cP n h& +1 „G$ H nDI I > » :P / - } D !»- * :G/ ' 1W O - L/ ?* @ i 9 @M d ,C ? / * T' ? $K C … S? P'U B 4 @= 5 Ì # G ) ( t 2* &= B 8 MU 2* : # U W5 @f K @=,- ^ 'U 5 P '/= @ 4 5 B & K ƒ… - Š C 1 = ! * .: ( 4* C 8 / * :/ , ( 4 P'‹5 F @=,- &= @ C * ..$ M / 8 > C • 2 -* ƒ / *9 S # M B ? C 5 G* 4 /= ! Hs Š * (3) 2* yi O 2* y • 2 / 1 = ! O J -* .. ( ( < L ! K ! 5 ..1 = ! / 2* G* 4 /= 2* S/ 1 & &Z u .} D - . ... ! , ( 'g C* &) 5 • L 1 +/ ! <,C Ì Z :dH'8< >'& "%8# $#€- ! S/= * ƒIntima of arteries ' , ./ / J ' )& * )L/ (G ( 6$& Y G+ZP) ./ 8 @>K 1 D 8 / * $ 1 # /- = * C 1 ? ! Š8 / >/ % ..:/ 4 = $8 ! (¿ * O „ 4'* (>'- %… ('l ) 4O' : $8 * L .$ *K Atheroma = k * & 1 D9 * •# /= ! [ (&4 5 ! , 4 $ c% . ./ yi 5# B U 5 QU 4OC * ! c k* &= @ f* , $#* @iO-* ;< !L @& : @=,- $K 5 &½4 & 4O' : $8 * ./ @>9 1 D 8 / * 1 ? c% ! u»" ƒ i 9 . ' #* 1 D9 * . ( < => $ Q hf " (3484) +,- (1152/4) 3)) 2 $34 ( $(2859) +,- Q hf " 195/4 " # 2 ()8 2 % % ' (2) .(4400) X’ U %- 2 X >J ( (340/9) :; ()8 2 M 0 /# $[ X -74 TCA =) 7 % 9 E 8= 0 3@K .7=HF CH C „= 9 1 F 7J' …v{ S MV- (3) .I7 - 1, FV 135
  • 32. $s MK #/ *1 = ! / ? S‹5 ;< !L G/ Z* … w D - K • 9* & 1 D9 •* yi + O # * * u' &= h>/ J* 4 .(1) / H / (2) : % SU .K :{..R •Œ Œ I Ž2? • '• ( JP • • • Œ >Œ W •‘ & • N Œ Œ %Œ ŽFŒ Œ } :B G Y ! Z#* % ƒ• 9 <,C * # i Ç - P 5 $K 4M 5 c3 -* L 5 :8 (… :8) - f - PZ b S/= .K ƒ , $#* 5 PM " * ( L O : ) 0D9 % V/4 P'K B P Z S*8 PH - 5 4 0DK / - ^# " : SK hi K !»& C !*ƒ .P ¶L* ‚/ L hDU ( Bf'9 C $#* c% / C *… ! ;< !L -* 5 ? : L 5 ! „ C # i * 0D9 08 O * 2K @M &» ) . 4M :(1)f$]K 2( G$ VP & l EL$< f$O EP ( G 2 3F “>HV (8 / 7F ( $bc># 4-% ‡W =>C< )C 14 ( Zf FV 1,' `n= ( 1>, b' 9 : 5a Z• j #/@ 1=>< / ( (1) )C C– — >8) f F “>HV b > CJ 2 (? = b' 9 E j j • b- 7 X 7<e) {=> 1|” b' 9 e x /# ..Z> <V b7J . =>C< .( ! : ) z K +UF (A b7=F T<>V ˜J +Q l X' Z{ ' ™ Z^W :š}– 1J › œ ‹ 15 7 ( 3) > D +J C XW .Proliferative phase ) CJ •1 .Secretary Phase € eˆ CJ •2 .R CJ •3 3@n# - J I7 ž % ' I%) R I% Z % 1 $ZA % > • 3@W $3@gJ (A c>F 2 | N 3 < p 3 3 M=• %' 2 3 | e X 7<M +J XgY 3 # 2 1=<A (8ž (w= I% O| 2) B%- ' wF / .(d ž 3@n# - J I7 ž % ' I%) :. €K "/ 9 2 .€ c I ˆ 3C<) # (d ž CH z › `n= ( 1>, 8) |W >8@ X' >– 7, .I7 / % 8e TCA E7V Ÿ•e s TCA % XW k | K B/ ..d% H I ˆ p xCV ..b- N 1 A ( j#' ' 1 A ( 7 X `n= ( 1>, H9 X' .' |ˆ E J 2 .E 4 |W ( ? N :7F V • P ...I7 E 8= >8@ S MV- $. 8 7 3 ¡ <V z 9 / š 7J S¡ 8V 1 F .(222) ¢ :b <> b- (2) 14' ( )=)4 14' ( 7 7 l1 b' 9 e .b%• 1 c E}5 7 7J († 1000) ( j#K 4 J 6 ) e j X 7<M O, V ( +D (1) .w=• 2 3) 1,' A f 7 7 X 7<e X' Z CA % +QJ b% € 136
  • 33. … ! )C @ $ 5 CgK $K SK :G % 5 P4O' X ) # 4O L w * .E ' #* F M 5 c% 5 >C B U ¼ M - P K Z# 5 S½ = / !C SK } D ƒy 4- $ [ c% @ SU t» #/ 9* Y = - %* ƒ O 1 = Z* > C } } 4 ! C 5 ƒ: % '½ = / . , $#* $K C @ •* Z Î- ! & 4 C 9 •/ * ‚W L - hi K 8/ / :/ 5 + Q# $ 5 5 K .P 4M C- @MK ! . f ( Z t b ! 1 = 137
  • 34. A $/ 28 $= % (%< B'? : <-KP $= H'N .d F HN ( • . %8 HN ( • .d l HN ( • . ' HN ( • . $= H<- ^%(N "=& $ • 138
  • 35. :d F HN ( :R P S (1) . /C4 $8 :.K « $= EL$< U< » : G ƒ * R '9 ƒ… * R ! Ï = $8 @ C4 B U C4 ! 5 hDU . /5 ^W … * G L c$Y l > E N @MF U= > » „«G$ Z m$< T 0 m$< > I» : G . (2)« k G H : %8 HN ( :R' $V $ ƒ @ 5 5 S/= S9 „(1)« $= $- “ EHZ T%N '< k » : G . - @ 5 5 .K ƒP & S/= h Z 5 (2) .: @? ! (/ /# K/) * (@ -K/S 4 ') . I - @ 5 5 0 O z* ! ) 4- :½ ' .. / % ( M/ / s O ) @ *< - K &' SK @& != * .4 $# Z (3) [C 5: T' ? * ƒ: FW- ! (%90) : 5B [ &4C @½ , = 5 :/ / ? @H L J P &) 5 5* @H /4 ! c k ! > J O - cs½ L LK uH J ! s" B $# :uH " c% @ , * .. !H = 5 4 $# Z [C B 4 CgK &4 = $# Ss " -* .. & > $8 *K JA @H L .K $# / $# ! - P ? Z CgK h¶58 @ 9 0 J9 4'9 B U P * h¶58 f?9 ),C 4'9 5 c#* 2 m / (143/5) [< 9 b% 8 k l 2 .7= g $(112/8) 7 g h i 2 j= 34 5' $(28147) E F G# 2 .7) 34 5' (1) MN O # 2 P CQF (21477) E F G# 2 .7) (114/1) => A )H 2 >) I JK 2 E L (15) . >) .(154/2) .(28114) E F G# 2 .7) $(93/5) 7 g h i 2 j= 34 5' (2) 2 X >J ( (28127) E F G# 2 .7) (212/4) 6-7 89 2 +# 34 5' 3 =>s (28119) :E F G# 2 .7) 34 5' (1) .(228/2) [J £ . =e ¡ 4 u 8 # 1>, Z ¤ Q =C A 4W IgC=e : 5K =9 F _p )9 2 ' (2) .E X D • => =4 g=M 2 h4 9 (3) 139
  • 36. $# ( 4 4'K 5 P'2/ * P& ? 5 @J h &4') : 5 hDU . O " 4 sMK .4 5 O " 4'9 ! c k $# B / $# @ >/ B M# " $# - G*9 4H g< ½ * G*9 / : 5 % B * P- ) 4 1 ¶ sM ! $# u /5ƒ4 B $ g€ (4 4'K @? ! - ! ) .|= * h¶58 @ Â C sM9 ¶5 * 4 $# Z [C B @ /5 4 5$ 4 : $#* h ['* .# L- -g 4 $# Z @[ B Z ¶5 sM9 & * $8# & ƒ(/ /# K)* (@ -K/S 4 ') . I 5 } D* : 5! t» c% > 5* , % C- Š8 Š8 > SU } D* (;# /# DA) I ' 5 .K ƒ -#K *K •Wg - * Š8 DU | ) $# Z • O"' G Z 5 (/ '/ /S sZ) I - 5 *K ƒy 5 GW u' .. , u' != . , - 4 :/ R& C 5 ƒ. , - ' - ! T/ % O5 5 P 5 SU* ƒ(hC Q ! , * - 4 B U , - 4 ! ) : 9 c% ZK 5 SK S 4'Ë ‚# SK )4 ( P- Z & ) . , ! (17) G/ Z O5 G*9 , .hi K > O #[' C 5 $8* & I hi K (@ -K/S 4 ') I S ? - 5 ƒ$» I 1 /CL ‚ C h &b* D 2 S ?* (@ -K/S 4 ') I 5 @J . , (17) » Z hi K - * ƒ(/ /# K) @ , (22) 5 €~ Ð * G 58 Gf @ &L B * .h¶5 8 R& */ G f # [ CC5 h8# - / Gs . - K &' C ƒ. , |OC ƒ(/ /# K) ƒ(@ -K/S 4 ') - @ 5 / * cF* C != 2 : S/' c¿ 9 5 hDU $# Z • O"' G Z 5 (/ '/ /S sZ) -* ƒ| ) - Š8 @ Z SU (;# /# DA) ' - ! , * -4 BU , - 4 :/ 5 ƒ. , u' 58 DU , % -|) .y 5 . , ! . M C4 e g ! ' O L S/=' %-* 140
  • 37. :@'- 281 1 $= '%(N j'MO# ) C (%< 2'%< | , T Z DU + M‹- @ O % G*K* : / PC S/ 9 ?D 5 - @ 5! K .;# /# DA (15) 5 } D S/= :u ('%O- G ..(Á&= ) @ ^ -! 8 G*<- 0» * ( - / L2 ) # C * @ ./ 4 P 5 : &b B (b# # Z @ O % * : f= * # '9 * 1'/ t " * ...# I9 V#/ * # F9 * (, T&C * S s / C SK B &C 5 ' / 0/ H L* C * F 0/ 0/ * dWJ9 ‚ * .h > h %k 0%~* (R H < R' R L H“ &) - h C c - - S $ $ B ƒ• 9 P5„ L/ P'<- - ! P [ZW hi K Š QK 5 $ 'k >- K 5 5P : Š8 > D‹5 •  5 hi K & L #*8 , SK !»- e Z 5 ("O 1 c $ ) w ? 5 8#* 5 ƒ: - W >< 1W=, 1 f? * - B P g< * - @ 5 Ã/ "- () 1 O ? @ 5 5 ;8 4 @ O G*9 @i5K / 5 PM s S ? DU - * :( 8 6$'h & I7 ): S /C T 4 M/ / s 5 $# Z B U w ! @ c ' ?D .% P / * : * X* ^ s (L C / * ƒ@ 5 @ P SK Ç & *G - : w% P'9 S/ / * &b -/b#* H L O ) , 5 PbWJK 1 f? ! * /" ~Ð w >K (1) /" P5„ - * H G b DU* - @ - 8/ } ! „ •  - 5» L PQ # *P C .1 M " H L* Š * : ŠW J * - • K* O • 9 T» P * - /4 * ƒ , P&, .% PC ./ , 5 h>/ J* G 4 * : eO'* V* + ' P 5 f= * • h>/ J* • 9 c% - ! G /ZK @> O + M*K* „ O * =4 P 5 • & 8/ ! & 5P * .(Cataract 8 4 ) &b ! '‹5 hi K 1 C"4 G* C * b O ' 4OC * ' & 1 ? ! ? Z 5 / * ...: ) ! @ * N O L2 * O ? I - • K ! u½" 2* / . 8M) " „ #• z :Melancholy " (1) 141
  • 38. » ?* I SK * :(..N O L ` 5) / * O, L* $ 'k >- ?D . (1) Q/ P H 5* $ » ! h /' O & * .<,C L @? ! / * 4H u" SDU 5 :t'8 281 1 $= '%(N j'MO# mH< (%< 2'%< C5 ƒ! f= C Š $ z [ZW GWJ ! Ñ M : B @ 5 gK SU (L C @H /4 M*s SK e Z ƒP M*s @ SK - : dW J B U .8€ 8 8s : / SK ‚ 5 ƒ( / 18 8F ) M*s T» ? $# M#8 18 8F =5 $# M#8 h4= $sM * = 1 = ¿ @ ~ % *1 , * $8#*9 * ! , 5 L* / 4- B &4 5 L# 4 'K @? 5 , C @- ƒ@ = )C 5 / (H /, * ! 4 Ð Ð5 ( Ð @ 5) @ O % 5 C MK D‹5 ..yi 5#* / * & * 1 = ! B[ &4' B .* @b ! h -@ 2 P8 $ Z P- .% : ƒ: - + & P&, } %- / 5 ƒ 4 5 i •#/ % * : B .S 4' :t& / 281 1 $= '%(N j'MO# mH< (%< 2'%< % S‹5 - @ O | ) e Z ! @g / * " @ 5 5 MU K @ O # [ ' G - 1/ )J 5 S/'/= ! % y 5 $ , Q 12 5 » U) #/[ 2 &) P Z - @M€~* # &M $#* i y 5 ! L<? B $ Z~ & ƒ - X P * 5 QU 0 JK O z/- 4 @,C 5 8# & , @ 5 c/ P'K e Z ƒ( - @ O (1) ! h - 2 / 8 >C C- *1 Z2 $8 s- } D* iO"C | ) $# Z M# PQNH (*D.L7M *MCNO) C?-DE, 93F01, GD.0CH *ICJ KL17/0 (@A.01 B,B) *+,-./01 2134301 *56178 9301 :;6 -<=.4, 1>? (1) *D<501 *MCN;01 *DA/Y 3DUZ C/H *ICJ GHCM[8 3DUZ T+ (*MCN;01) *5DR<01 CS=DA/.0 T<501 T/A.01 GU01 GM ,V W?CX01 *MCNO WH GM *47M301 da,301 T+ d-e=S/01 fC5AN01, WAe01, 2Cg-R01 :CSM ]*D^.=R/01 _1-M`1 *+CX0, ]3RN01 97/.0 343N01 C?a7bS/8 .C?-DE, ThC4-e01 ijk01, *FDFe0CH *5DR<01, C ¦ V E J 2 ' $ % F E JK 2 x ^ ( s b7 C A Fe “>H Q{@ Ÿ ˜J I UF <@ ( ¥ V /) d v 8V (1) .I ' ' 8 N wMŠ)V b79 e "..I% <e $kg@" X 7<e –W +8y 142
  • 39. (2) ) / - %k9 "4 SK G &5 ƒ ½ )L /- -/ 4 LO : ? <,C * $ M / 8 >C C- 5 hi K "4 P (M/ 4 $# Z B Å5 5 @ K SU (Y R L 2) SK ! h i5 ƒ % ! BC- ! '* .. 4 - W i yi 1 O # ! #* ?9 #* O" @ O- : 5 / $8 F S‹5 - +O# ' 1 f" @=, * . ( ? / *9 • K • ZU* Š * 1 FK B U .8€ N *( 5 @? , ! yi + O # ! <,C * yi .} D P- I *K @ , *K ( $8 :G$ 281 1 $= '%(N j'MO# mH< (%< 2'%< (L $ 4* ¶ 5 #*8 P S/= 5 P / @½ * : M*s s P'‹5 , ! K < ~» ?h - µ / 5 ( $= T%N E -$:( $ 1) @ = )C 5 / (H /, 4 ¶5 * / >C * / +/Q/ %?* ƒ #s h8 L ZWO - •#9 .P4O' X ) 8/ , $8* - = * : ' . 'Me AkP T%N >M# U Œ <w$ G$O7 % * '*8 C4 G/ 5 5 ? 5 t &) S/b 'K H, )J9 ! * .# i @ -#* $ H O O DU ƒ<)" ! ˆˆˆˆˆk KL ƒ( - @ 5 ^# J) R T/ - M‹- &) t O : * w T' ? c% ! C B L# . &" t O 0 MK C * . - @ 5 5 |= B .. J ) * 8 * e Z ! . #/ : ! :d l HN ( :R: $V $ .(1)« +l ” & T $l< TC • S „ +l & P 1n • # $= » : Y G/L# G ( jN : 5K b^ J >s' ( T UA >8@ TCA . I7 TCA _C V : # $ (2) .: 5K 7 .(207) A f 9 b #/V 2 .€ y ( (415/1) MN O # 2 P CQF $(28113) E F G# 2 .7) 34 5' (1) 143
  • 40. @ 5) /C4 / @ C . , - G/L >* } D 5 & ' hDU .(# K* S 4 ' P ,- - %-@ .% . , ^¿ # , % - - ' (@ -K/S 4 ') I G/ Z C h f 5 W % OC :/ G» K % S/= . * , ! , - 4 :/ R& C * (S 4 ' I) , . hC Q) . , (27) B U (hC Q) . , (17) ! hDU : $= $- ( ?+N -4 ! . , ^# %C - ! / »K S Ç»- B Z 4 != * .Ey 5 PC ! , * - 4 B Z , Ç& ? y 5 ?(3478) Ç & c ) SK ! k B * •#9 B O c g< SK ' h )L* w ! Ç& P'‹5 •#9 ? ! sM (80) ! h sM P ? $ , B Z* S½ = / O 1) 5 [ gK 1 D P-%M 0/ @ h M#8 ?(385000) .1 g< ! / " 2 4- .. L yL/ C CL , 4J # - O , = K $# 5 .+ O #2 L & # I9 5 Ç4C 8/ > 5 @ 5 * (1) ƒ1 ' / B g< SK (H 1 dL ^' $C B- C) S 4' O S D L9 ÅZ2 * !M * * 1 ' / C 4CM d ,' ‚ C S/= @ = # & Z Pk/ - B U GW ? c / %C 5 .K J/" , $ 5 5 C $ O c% 5 f?K hi - ) !M * SK [Z2 'K B Z #/ ) * d ,' $ 5 ‚ C 5 .V B U g ƒ JK - 5 w ZK B U # # i'2 5 K& C . >" [ZW (4Z } D* PM*<- y& 1'/ 5 $/ 5 $ 5* 1 ' / Z* ‚ LK B ÅZ/ } %?* 4'< 4 1'/ … -* !M * B [Z2 * . PM*9 C 1 5 5 1 i /- „ C 'K Z9 & *. C y 1# * .& v9 CA 7 ž • ( < ) " # (1) 144
  • 41. : h c U h 5# : yQ B g€ 5 PC # & ½ Z 5 c g< $*#D Ç & 5 c% 51 2* H &4' + O # ! - G* … - P C % * $/ , f .: 9 * [ 9 c Z Ç&* : „ . , ! , | " B Z* G*9 ! : 9 O5 C / *9 S # M B &L / (H /, * 1 &L @? ‚ -* - f - S/= 5 # & c 5 P O? h ) 4 4'K 5* 1 O C * )4 * tb C K 9 P & L: S = ‹- R& * ƒ( 5 XW 9 (L 2 = P= 5 $ &= .(27-17) ! # 4 ' - g< K & - } D* (@ = -) ‚ C Z y eZ 4 T' ? * ƒP S? f=- QK PC= * g< B & 5 (27-17) ! K h , Gs CgK S/= * / $#* * 4 Z * :/C - hZ &> 0 ~ ' 4 % * MU CgK B & OJ g< P S/= 5 ƒhZ &> | , #/ z 0 B Z : * ) : J : ) ^# " B U @J ! : wD M Ì g< P B & DU ƒ C 5 @? ! 4 u " eZ! M' Z F 'U 5 F gK *D / * (;<= ) .P 8 (H /I ./ @ 5 S‹5 (15-14-13-12) B)L/ : K 5 T MK / 5 K B *9 P K 5 K ƒc8 & Y c 2 % * O P ?! f= : O : „ 5 5 ¿ ^# " @J ! / (H /, * (L * @ Z 5 - P 5 0» K 8 S/= 2 (GW ) . 5' h¶½ cW K 8#* ? @ = / W ‚ C SU) : = 9 $ 1 2/ 5 - |OC ( M' ) #/ ? G/ .*D* •8 / BU ! * G/ = C ! - > J* $#* * . ,& S * !- ..( M 1 sC ! ¶ - ! ' g ! S/= •#9 R)L @f S 4' 4M SU :h H P [' X , * W .(1) & 8/ ! / &* <=<J B/ e $ A -€ z-K ¨ ( A i .' ' ( z-K @ ( 3C|' X 8@ˆ +84 XK z-K “ 1j X 8@ˆ +84 X' xs • (1) 145
  • 42. P SK* - 2 #s * z GWJ ! * & .% * g< S<- /5 g!* - * , e f 5P ? ^*K Ç& C 5• DU ƒ C 4MK B g< |O' .dWJ9 S - PC & » % *. , ! , | "* , ˆˆˆˆˆk KL : *. , ! G*9 C GWJ - 51 Z$ &) t O 0 MK : 1 O> / ! w 1 c% ! „ C : S =5 ƒh &" - . &" t O Z! „ C :8 1 O> / |= B ƒ J) * *8 e Z ! . #/ .. , ! 'f C 5 - c% - Š» : H -#K* K %C P'K G/L # * [ | ! »U S : G/ DU ƒ , | "* - * e f * …& : 9 :/ - B>*K* .(1)«E N A( E N @-KP E N ‡+V U81 „RV+V l $ > B(. •0 K• $-P $&» } D* ..(2)«m 8 $- ^'%<1 @O F& U > _ [ '%1 EG$M U f$O k > ..»: G/ * 5B 9 PM h - : „ 5 : 9 } GWJ S & B c g< $*#D Ç & S9 ! M*s } %-* (#s * º 1 *D # '9 5c c g< - s ?) : M 5 #/C s- c s .1 / , 4 5„ : a 51a a5 a 5 $/ a, Pa& SK Ba," * Pa4O' }a SK aL ) 4 2 ! 5 …aa - Pa C a %a * . a5 C $/ a, !a Áa) * +/ a- a4OC P Z aL @a, Pa'9 }a D Pa .$ O c% 51 2* H &4' + O # ! &CM9 G* Y G/L -* C- h&Z /" I ! K º W P U @» / P > ! / % SK }I W5 . M# k B U » C , &*1 [ # /'<- V½ ..P4 ,- C b C 5 c U C C s ƒ .% < A • .(8J R 7J $./ 34 5' ..(24179) E F G# (1) .(1772) R 7 +,- $I H $.- Š> “=L| (2) 146
  • 43. : ' HN ( :R<- K $ : Y$M •$M8 1 /a $# aZ (4 5 :/ @= H ' / ! K ƒ| , V* I - # C 5 ƒ(a» & a k PaC= sH aM /a 5 $ a [ Ba Z a4' G s 2 | , + O # - $# T' ? S‹5 %aa X a ,CL ha Z2* taa Baa a a S9) # a C !aa Baa *9 1 a 4 /aa PaaC @aai59 * .(d , (a Pa?# a - 5 (G$(XF yXk A(X X% 2XM?) $ ½ <a 1 a4 S 4' J - S‹5 a Z %aa½ C' a= * 12 a Z2 c%aa @aa? 08 aO ' a= 5 ƒPaa O Z * # a)5 a5 c ¿ <aa # * a- J a, * $ aI - a4 a4 ! a- a '* $ ? a & # a C 1 a L a 5 +# a 4' $ a H O » a K $ a O a> . , 8 $#* i -* SK %a S<aI !a * ..* @a '* ‚» a ' aC'K a- Wa5 (E X'l}% ) $ ½ <a 1 a4 J< ' J » C g !a $ aH O S/a= a -* @a = a )C a5 P&H /aI !a a a @a Š a * h a : a ‚½ W . k Taa / - a f f *K a ' f a4 # a C a5 a *K :h H a Taa / W a ?D $ 'XXk >XX- (aa &) * .: @=,- hZ &> (9) B U (8) 4 C / - G8 .K ƒ -* : & H EK H EH $= 1 a? … &aa- : a !aa Paa a- 2 Paa'‹5 Paa /' !aa Å a4 aC a SU :G/aa @aaH w# a 1 af" * 1 &aL c%a …a - S/a= } %a-* : a» Ba U Pa b a5 /a * #* ai ),'9 * .K B ‹a5 ƒd a,C …a -* a? @a O- a / a *9 GWJ 5 5 1%JK* @ = ! T? .EŠ* [ c% @f 5 g< S/= 0 :G/ ' X i 5 $8 F* $ H O h U* g 4 4'K B U 4 9 ! )& ! ' g (30) 0 &= / $#* $ T' ? @ = C K* '/ < )C c% 5 L<? T &f - :/ ' C'‹5 ! 9 ! D9 B U $8/ 147
  • 44. ( C D , hC Q) b 1 = @? / S<- @ O? % * tH 8 (4-2) T &f :* 1 (3) .;<? ¿ ? Pg @ .% w% %- ! L<= T&f' X* ( ), - g ƒ0 &? $#*8 (18) 4 s C ! L<= T &f GW"5 % * $#*8 (36) @ 9 B +/ 5 ..0 JK 0 &? $#*8 (18) C S/= 5 hi K 1 (3) )C ! - .% 4 } %? : # P5 .% [ 9 4 5 QU @>< 4 S<- @ O? ../ # - M " .% b , @ W h P- , $ c% b L<? Q* SU ƒSDU . s * #* ? 1# 4 :j& T%N $= .(1)« Y - G$ Z $l'1 2: P j& T%N $= » : G f # : ) ! h H > B & @- ƒP Z :/ X &> K G* C B [ 5 W5 S/= 5 $8/M/ =4 ? S9 . , ! ¼ <? *K $/ ; ! S C5 G* C P F/ * %OC g< * / $#* y ,C B U .8€ * : ‚ SK '<I ! $ i 1 ^ P&C B ./ $/ *K . , ! = c% SK ? ..( 1 - Q* ./ yi B .$/ - @& 4 @ y 4- & . (1)«G L @M T%N G L j& T%N $= » : Y G/L# G y,C * P 5 i F M y½ C , 9 % SK } D @& : ) G* C ! B' O * : S M y,C * ( 1 - Q 8 8s 5 i 1 ¶5 = t5 / / $#* } %- )4 / *9 5 / (L * ! * ? } B U .8€ % * yi .(:/C GWJ )@ = )C t 9 * 2 m / $(4573) “= H9 b 2 .g ; $(211) (209/4) 3#-7 8 2 +# $(3488) 3487) ()8 2 4 ( 34 5' (1) = N (766) L=LH R % JK 2 P > K (315/4) = =D 2 .-/)9 (28110) E F G# 2 .7) $(21) . >) b #/V 2 P 8=< ( (416 415/1) MN O # 2 P CQF $(219/2) A )H9 ª « 2 p =8 (39/10) % 7v © - V 2 .% 7v> .(1066) Af9 .3UMC c–K ( B #^ (129) . >) 2 +=< ( (211) (209/4) ` < 7 78V 2 #^ (1) 148
  • 45. 4'K 5 = %k9 c% @ C = : y,C i ! „ C % F/ 1 5 } %? / ^Ð " 4~ S‹5 Š* [ c% @f - T MK DU 5* ƒ (L C 2 Q/ % * 4 *K # *8 ! hi K ' S‹5 ! $/M $ H O ' 5 C'K ! h i5 ƒ@ W :8 .N ./ 8# / @ ' y 4- kU ˆˆˆk KL . &" t O 0 MK C * ƒ &, B $ 1 Z M‹- &) t O : e Z ! . #/ : 1 O> / ! w P'K M* c% ! „ C : L# .t B ! „ C : |= B ..[(29) @=I] J ) * *8 : $I 6$} + B U .8€ P'9 ƒ 4 = : L2 : @& : L2 - : : @» O~ i )C 5 (H /, ! ? …-} 5 c gK BO" 2 % * / $#* y 4- y ,C . ' W5 8/ S*8 V @4 : L2 K. - > (M / @ = S/= :W4 Y @L# S 4 B >/ c% ƒ t &) - P'K }I 2* &4C - 5 SK ?€ ! != ƒ; b 5 S & P- y *K Pº " 2 ) F ! 5 . -S 4 2 • 9 ! ) 'K* * .(_+N K$O ? > ' &$? UIKL) :G/ ‚ C SK @& 5 .! / @? / - =5 ƒ^W # )C ! J / #8 S ? DU @ .K B (» P *• 9 c 4 ./ 5ƒ D - / hMW S/= .P • • Ô • » K .K :(1)«G S G Š - J H & S cP n h& +1 „G$ H nDI I>»: G . - ^# " : ( c% ) - h > ..P U @»4 ! * PC Ô ~Ð L $ Q hf " (3484) +,- (1152/4) 3)) 2 $34 ( $(2859) +,- Q hf " 195/4 " # 2 •()8 2 % % ' (1) .(4400) X’ U %- 2 X >J ( (340/9) :; ()8 2 < => 149
  • 46. S/)&f C S* J< Kƒ / 5 ?€ / O h /CL B $ -f ( 5 # /- = * C 8/ » 1 ? *K 1 f" / (H /, } G¿ ! B," 5 / SU % FU != 2 [ $#/)" ' = U R& 5 / *9 t¿i B U .8€ $ .( ?9 ! , ( 12 ?) Z 1 - » U != K 2 150
  • 47. : $= H<- ^%(N "=& $ P? /O * # i" ? @f * i @ 4 +/C : ) ! G* C SK :/ S = ‹- » s&" ! ) M*s # i" ) L ! Ì &b ! / t :» ~ h 8 * .. ? =4 * $ .S/ s ! t&)- h-/ @" * T s - & * » J/&) 1W?9 * $ , * !& * !& ? P , * ( G* C :/ B [ B P ,*( S9 } D* .y 5 P * c# ' G /b :.K ƒ :/ b + /'9 c% ZK h / * ƒ# i .8€ - yi 5 w )Q B @ * f * S f .8€ ( - O, t - 4 5 &4 # gA ! BC- ! ' N ] ( g& = ! a-* a ?D t- a4 a ! a- … &a 0 a a O €aL* |&a !a f= • C * . 5 "4 ) |O' : " L k# @ OC & e Z Q/ R a) J ta5* &a |aZ d C? PC h Q/ S/ 4 * ' g /Q/ R * a C S/a4 J* 4 J ƒ1 ! +/C % ! H J9 0 Š# S 4' 4 a aC aQ / • a @aa= * ƒ!)&aa * PaaM/ Baa a C S/aa -#K* agWg* a [ Baa @a? a5 ‚ a, ah K / * - Q / c% i K* .S 4' 4M ! ( C @= f?K *K Q/ ) 0/ a4 5 .K C 1 O ! - 4 $ O ) "@ = " - h H 8 P- K &' .% / * ƒ• 9 SK ) a4 .%a S a4' a4M 5 Z/ S = P'K h T&g .% / * ( & @OLK* = . Š/J B'8K S*8 P 5 a5 a g< * a $ af= Õ /aaQ/ R a a 5 a a aQ / $ af? aM * .4 ta &) SK aM* a * ƒ C a - "4 * ƒ ) d/)J B @ 5* ƒ Ca a- !a Š QK $ , @i5K „H C- < d C c% B 4 / 5 a ) $ aH 8 Ba @ 5 R K ƒ$ > ) ' B @ $ - S9 Õ} D M -#* .&h L a5 /ai @a=5 ƒG a 59 8*8 a- a> " w a 9 Q / B h K R i @ ** @a 5 8# (@a 5 .K) • a @a= a [ aÐ !a * ƒG a 59 8*8 a 0 JK* P % w g ½ KP 4 "|aaa= 5#" %aaa º aa4 * ƒPaaa 5 G aa 59 8*8 aa- à a a" (aaa Baaa C (aaa4 - Paaa' = aa " ! %a Ba R a- :/a ' $ a • C *ƒ [ 5S'= $ W h f 5 ƒReflex . %= * …!? K 6 P S/ / * ƒS ' = P ; =C& } %?* ƒ! ' = 151
  • 48. .½ a %aa 5 ) a ,C - :/aa * ƒ a * O / 8 a Baa a h K a Q/ i R a @aa ** C"." ;* 5 @f 1 L* O * • 9 :* * C a / * 8 a a M y a,C Ba * ƒw a 9 Ba * a / *9 B h K @ * * i . k* ³ s? y ,C B * ƒ C Q/ R 5 O 12 * a a $ a&" „H a C ah &b }a D* ƒ aQ ! a- a a Z ! ' a g !a w 5 O ƒ a / * * ƒ:s a * :G af @ &aL Ba 12 a }a ! * ƒ‚ C * C S/L# L $ a * ƒ a L* & "aai * a L /& * ƒ a C a Q* ƒBaa = * ƒ Oaa C @ a , * ƒ; a C * G/aa& * ƒ &a S/aa / * ƒ$ a aZ * ƒ: a yaaQ + aO # * ƒ a4C ai * ƒ a # ƒ =a4 * ƒ! a, ( * ƒ / *9 t Q* ƒ1 /CL | J V/5 G Ob9 5 .8 #UW • a K* ƒ Oaa C * a = + a * ƒ a * ƒ a 5 C * ƒ C a 4 * ƒ a " * ! a 4 a *8* ƒZ a a s'* ƒ³aa a WJ #/ a Q* ƒ1 Caa, * ƒ a 4 a Q* ƒBaa = * ƒ a &= * ƒ! a a k* a&? @ O 4 @> O ! k* *K : @ O / ƒe ) + ) ' * . f? } D 152
  • 49. (#$/ Z c% : J 5 ,c - &' 2 ! B :W4 * $W * c Z* Y .(( $= )) = C /L ?# & !C4 0 ZU w = % : 2 % LK* H >K ! ' L ! @= =, - : K SK 2U C 4 2 * Paaaaaa- ? !aaaaaa ; a aaaa& 2 - a aaaa R a aaaaL .%aaaaaa B' a aaaa #8 a aaaa& :D a aaaaL9 ?%aaaaaa - uaaaaaaJK* ((( * )) P`-8K* c# > 4 /" I ! K W / Š , / J :#/ ? =, - : K* . Paa 5 +/aaQ/ %aa G/aaZ $8 s a L2 8 #K !aa Paa'K ! a " a &b9 $/aaJ2 Baa U c/aa'K* : O / c% B +Wb2 http://www.thingsnotsaid.org/ S /C T (( B )) 12 2 =&I 5 e & i K* ((Alternative medicine)) *K ((cupping therapy)) ,, .9 h#% * 0#/ O ZK #8 & 141
  • 50. @C ( B' #8 & /D L2 _( * w ? • http://www.thingsnotsaid.org/ 5 1 #/) • http://secure.mycart.net/catalogs/index.asp?category=31050 .oriental therapies & body work………way college. Astralia • www.theway.com.au &) 1 / = s? • www.medical-centeronline.net www.islamonline.net • . O> @? @OLK 1 ?D $ 4 ( ? ! / • .G/ * S/ k – &) M/ / s O • 0* s 8 /M R > s s 8 - / *9 * ( • K• - B – w ?• .() w ? ƒ10^ ƒ.# "& R > X ,- .# & R 5 ƒ Z !- Z Å5 • ƒ:1984 .` 1404 B *2 &) ƒ3^ ƒe * ./&C () ƒ 4C z ' 8/ • .t, 8 ƒ F/ $ ( !- ) #s w/ !- =- - ! | I• ../&C () .$ . ,& # 8 ./&C () ƒ & % ! | I Å5 • 142
  • 51. ƒM # 8 ƒB *2 &) ƒe /Q 5 ./&C () ƒ Z2 !4Z • k • .t, 8 .1* - ƒ ' f &) @ & () ƒ S ' S 4k • .: = !- ! G M @iO -2 ƒw S4 • -Haci Five Alternative medicine, Hafer Albaten. S.A Sisminar • Elemerents needle instruction manual> Haci Company Limeted. Chaina. -Patrick C. & others Alternative medicine. (1991) First ed – Reader's • digest – London. 143
  • 52. dK ' KL$ HMN "#$ % '# D E 'F JK ' H( KL$ HMN M' "#$Y $'M' Jr$, - 1 U' & A &K$? < $C - '- # ) L A $F' T%N 2.$ :^#$ v $= .. 2&HM "O (@MO B # ) 2 @F%- J H ..2&HM "O aa_fitory@yahoo.com : H& M 144

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