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    HAJJ & UMRAH HAJJ & UMRAH Document Transcript

    • After the sunrise proceed towards Mina. On the way, pronounce Talbiyah as often as you can and also utter other supplications. But it is ok to follow the procedure of your Mu'allim who usually arranges for hajis to leave for Mina during the night after Isha prayers. In Mina In Mina offer Zuhar, Asr, Maghrib and Isha prayers. Spend that night in Mina and on 9 Zil Hijjah, offer Fajr prayer there. 9 Zil Hijjah--Second Day of Hajj Departure for Arafat Offer Fajr prayer in Mina, say Takbir Tashriq (Allah-u Akbar, Allah-u Akbar La Ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allah-u Akbar, Allah-u Akbar wa Lillah-il-hamd) and Talbiyah. Get ready In Muzdalifa and reach Arafat by zawal (declining of the sun). Maghrib and prayers toge Bath Isha time. F Take a bath, if possible, otherwise perform wudu and have meals. Packages of food prayers ther are usually provided by the Mu'allim. Also take some rest. adhan and o iqamah. Waquf-e-Arafat Waquf is started at the beginning of zawal (declining of the sun) and ends at the • First sunset. Spend this time uttering Talbiyah, repent on your sins, seek forgiveness and praye mercy of Allah, say Darud Sharif and utter all the supplications (du'as) in Arabic and Magh in your own language. It is better to do Waquf while standing but sitting down is also jama allowed. say T Tash Zuhr and Asr Prayers Talbi In Masjid-e-Namrah, the imam leads Zuhr and Asr prayers, combined and shortened, • Imm at Zuhr time with one adhan but separate iqamahs. At other places in Arafat, some after people similarly combine these two salats. But it is advisable that away from Masjid- Fard e-Namrah, offer them at their proper times with jama'at as recommended by the Isha most scholars. jama • After Departure for Muzdalifah two S When the sun sets in in Arafat, proceed to Muzdalifah without offering Maghrib Magh prayer reciting Zikr and Talbiyah on the way. • Then Sunn Maghrib follow Witr and • Offer praye Isha Prayers optio
    • This is a ver night in whic Allah, recite Sharif, read Zikr and Du'a utter Talbiya supplicate v humbly. Als some rest. Pick up forty pebbles of th big grams (c Pebbles peas) if Ram performed f days and se for four days At the Fajr t two rakah S Fajr Prayer and Waquf offer Fard pr jama'at.. the waquf. Proceed to M Return to Mina the sun is ab rise. 10 Zil Hijjah--Third Day of Hajj In Mina, hit Jamrah Aqabah with seven pebbles one after Rami of the other. On account of risk to life, the old, weak or sick Jamrah persons can perform Rami a little before sunset or at Aqabah night. Stop saying Talbiyah when you throw the first pebble. Stop Also don't stop for du'a. Just go to your residence and do Talbiyah Qurbani (animal sacrifice).. There are three days designated for qurbani, i.e., 10, 11 Qurbani or 12 Zil Hijjah. It can be done any time during day or (Animal night. It is usually easy to sacrifice an animal on 11 Zil Sacrifice Hijjah. Do qurbani yourself or ask a reliable person to do ) it for you. Halq or After qurbani men should preferably get their whole Qasr head shaved (Halq) but it is permissible to cut the hair (Qasr) of their whole head equal in length to a joint of a finger (about an inch). It is also permissible to cut the hair (about an inch) of one fourth of the head. A woman is prohibited to shave her head. She can cut about an inch long hair of one fourth of her head. But according to some scholars it is sufficient for a woman to have a lock of her hair clipped. • If the sacrifice is postponed till the next two days, Halq or Qasr is also postponed because it comes after the sacrifice. • Halq or Qasr can be done at any time up to the
    • 12 of Zil Hijjah even if the sacrifice is not postponed. After Halq or Qasr all prohibitions of Ihram are lifted except the private relations between husband and wife which are permissible after Tawaf-e-Ziarah. • Halq or Qasr in Mina is a Sunnah. But you are allowed to do it anywhere in Haram. If done outside the precincts of Haram, it requires a Dam. • You have to make sure that Rami, sacrifice and shaving or clipping of the hair are performed in the order in which they are listed otherwise a Dam is required as a penalty. Now perform Tawaf-e-Ziarat. It can be performed any time, day or night, from 10 Zil Hijjah to the sunset of 12 Zil Hijjah. Usually it is convenient to do it on 11 Zil Hijjah. Its procedure is similar to that of Tawaf of Umrah and it is essential that you have performed wudu. According to Sunnah this tawaf is to be performed after Tawaf-e- Rami, sacrifice and shaving or clipping of the hair, and Ziarat every effort should be made to do that, but the Fard stands discharged even if Tawaf-e-Ziarat is performed prior to all these practices. As mentioned earlier, Halq or Qasr after Qurbani lifts all the prohibitions of Ihram but the private relations between man and wife are permitted only after this Tawaf. After this perform Sa'ey. Its procedure is the same as Sa'ey of that of Sa'ey of Umrah. It is a Sunnah to make sure that Hajj your wudu is intact Return Return to Mina when Sa'ey is done and spend the night to Mina there. 11 Zil Hijjah--Fourth Day of Hajj Throw seven pebbles on each of three Jamarat after Rami of zawal (decline of the sun). Rami is usually easy a little Jamrarat before sunset and at night. And it is permissible to do Rami at night if there is a risk to life. Throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Oolah. Then move a little forward. And with your hands raised and facing Supplicate Qibla, praise Allah and recite Arabic du'as or supplicate in your own words. There are no prescribed du'as. After this throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Wustah. Here too facing Qiblah, praise Allah and earnestly seek his Supplicate mercy and blessings. No particular du'a is prescribed here either. Then throw seven pebbles on Jamrah Aqabah. But this Do not time do not supplicate at all, after Rami just return to supplicate your place. Second If you could not do Tawaf-e-Ziarah yesterday, do it chance for today and return to Mina for overnight stay. Tawaf
    • of Ziarah At your residence, recite Quran, glorify Allah, repent on Zikr and your sins, and seek forgiveness. Ask Allah whatever Ibadah you want and don't commit any sin. 12 Zil Hijjah--Fifth Day of Hajj Throw seven pebbles on each of three Jamarat after Rami of zawal (decline of the sun). Rami is usually easy a little Jamrarat before sunset and at night. And it is permissible to do Rami at night if there is a risk to life. Throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Oolah. Then move a little forward. And with your hands raised and facing Supplicate Qibla, praise Allah and recite Arabic du'as or supplicate in your own words. There are no prescribed du'as. After this throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Wustah. And facing Qiblah, glorify Allah, recite Darud Sharif and Supplicate supplicate earnestly for whatever you desire. There is no du'a prescribed for this occassion. Do not Then throw seven pebbles on Jamrah Aqabah and come supplicate back to your residence without any du'a. Last chance for If you could not do Tawaf-e-Ziarah earlier, it is Tawaf essential to do it today before Maghrib. of Ziarah After today's Rami, you have the option to return to Makkah before sunset. But if the sun sets before you Option are able to depart, remain in Mina for the third night and throw pebbles the next day in the same order. After Hajj, when you intend to return to your country Tawaf-e- from Makkah, it is Wajib (obligatory) to perform Tawaf- Wida e-Wida (Farewell Tawaf).. Its procedure is the same as that of a Nafl Tawaf. VISITING MADINAH (A Journey of Love)
    • Magnificent View of The Prophet's Mosque To visit Madinah is not a Hajj or Umrah rite, but the unique merits of the Prophet’s city, his Mosque and his sacred tomb attract every pilgrim to visit it. There is no Ihram nor talbiyah for the visit to Madinah or the Prophet’s Mosque. Unique Merit of the Prophet’s Mosque. The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself participated in the construction of this mosque, called it "My Mosque" and led prayers in it for years. He has also said that a salah performed in the Prophet’s Mosque is better than a thousand salats in any other place except Masjid al-Haram in Makkah. According to Hazrat Anas, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has also said: "The person who offers 40 prayers consecutively in my Mosque, without missing a prayer in between, will secure immunity from the fire of Hell and other torments and also from hypocrisy." (Musnad Ahmad) Visiting the Holy Tomb. It is a great privilege for the pilgrims to visit our beloved Prophet’s tomb. The Prophet (peace be upon him) once said: "The person who comes solely for the purpose of paying a visit to my grave, has a right on me that I should intercede for him." (‘Ilm al-Fiqh, Vol. V) And he has also said: "The person who performs Hajj and then visits my Tomb, will be regarded as though he had seen me in my worldly life." (Baihaqi) PROCEDURE TO VISIT MADINAH 1. Travel to Madinah and Niyyah. When you start travel to Madinah, Make niyyah (intention) as such: " O Allah! I start journey to visit the holy tomb of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Please accept it from me." During this journey, recite Darud Sharif frequently. When the city of Madinah is in sight, show your extreme fondness and excitement and humbly enter the city while reciting Darud and Salam.
    • 2. Masjid-e-Nabvi. After putting your luggage at your residence, take a bath or perform ablutions (vudu), wear nice dress, apply perfume and proceed towards the Prophet’s Mosque while uttering Darud. 3. Bab-e-Jibril. Enter the mosque through Bab-e-Jibril or Bab-us-Salaam or if this is not possible, enter through any other door. 4. Right Foot. Place your right foot first in the entrance, praise Allah (such as say Allhu Akbar, Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, etc.), recite Darud and say: "Allah humma aftah li abwabe rahamte ka" 5. Two Raka’t Nafl. If it is not undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two rakahs of nafl tahiyyat al-masjid (greeting of the masjid) preferably in Riaz al-Jannah near the tomb of the Prophet or otherwise anywhere else in the mosque. 6. In front of the Holy Tomb. 3. Hadrat . Hadrat Abu Umar akr Siddique Farooq In front of the sacred tomb of The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), there are three sections of brass screens and all three have holes in them. Look at the picture carefully. If you stand in front of the middle section between the pillars, you'll see a big round hole on your left. This is in front of the face of the Holy Prophet. Adjacent to it is a door that stays closed. Right after it on the right side is a round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique. On the right of it, there is another round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Umar Farooq.
    • Here is an enlarged view of the screen in front of the sacred face of our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him). Standing in front of it and facing it, say in a respectful and hushed voice: "Assalamu alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyya wa rahmatul-lahi wa barakatuhu" (Peace be on you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.) After this say: "Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah" "Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Nabi-yallah" "Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Habib-Allah" Then supplicate to Allah for good things in this life and the life after death. You may use the same supplication recited earlier during the Tawaf : "Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azabin nar." 7. Offer Salam of others. Now offer salam of relatives or friends in your own language or say: "Asslamu alaika ya Rasul Allah min----." After the word "min", add the name of your friend or relative. 8. Salam on Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique. Then move a little to the right and stand before the grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet him and supplicate to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him. 9. Salam on Hazrat Umar Farooq. Again move a little to the right before the grave of Hazrat Umar ( may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make supplication for him. 10. Forty Prayers. Men should offer forty prayers (Salat) in the Prophet's Mosque, but it is not a requirement of any kind. It is only Mustahab, i.e., rewarding if done, but if not done there is no sin. 11. Other places to visit. Some of the other important places to visit are: Masjid Quba, Jannat al-Baqee, graves of Hazrat Hamzah and other martyrs of Uhud (may Allah be pleased with them) and Masjid Qiblatain, etc. Among them Masjid Quba is the most important. It is the first mosque in the history of Islam whose foundation stone was laid down by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) himself on his migration to Madinah. To offer 2 raka'ats of nafl in it is equal to one Umrah. After visiting the Prophet’s Mosque and his
    • tomb every pilgrim should try his best to visit it and pray in this mosque as well. 12. Departure from Madinah. When you have to leave Madinah, offer your Salam again to the Prophet (peace be upon him), cry at this separation, supplicate to Allah and leave with the earnest desire to come back. The Obligation of Hajj The Obligation of Hajj (Pilgrimage) and its Excellence Allah, the Exalted, says: "And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka`bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who can afford the expenses (for one's conveyance, provision and residence); and whoever disbelieves [i.e., denies Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah), then he is a disbeliever of Allah], then Allah stands not in need of any of the `Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).'' (3:97) 1271. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "(The superstructure of) Islam is based on five (pillars), testifying the fact that La ilaha illallah wa anna Muhammad-ar-Rasul-ullah [there is no true god except Allah, and Muhammad ((PBUH)) is the Messenger of Allah], establishing As-Salat (the prayers), paying Zakat (poor due), the pilgrimage to the House [of Allah (Ka`bah)], and the Saum (fasting) during the month of Ramadan.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. Commentary: This Hadith has been mentioned earlier. Here it has been repeated in support of the obligation of the fourth pillar of Islam. Thus, Hajj is compulsory for a person who fulfills the qualifications required for it and has the means for it. 1272. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) delivered a Khutbah and said, "O people! Hajj (pilgrimage to the House of Allah) has been made incumbent upon you, so perform Hajj.'' A man inquired: "O Messenger of Allah, is it prescribed every year?'' He (PBUH) remained silent till the man repeated it thrice. Then he (PBUH) said, "Had I replied in the affirmative, it would have surely become obligatory, and you would not have been able to fulfill it.'' Afterwards he said, "Do not ask me so long as I do not impose anything upon you, because those who were before you were destroyed on account of their frequent questioning and their disagreement with their Prophets. So when I order you to do something, do it as far as you can; and when I forbid you from doing anything, eschew it.'' [Muslim]. Commentary: This Hadith brings out the following points: 1. Hajj is compulsory once in a lifetime for those who have the means for it. 2. Unnecessary questioning is disliked. 3. Those who believe in Allah and His Prophet (PBUH) are required to do what they are ordained and abstain from what they are forbidden. 1273. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) was asked: "Which deed is the best?'' He (PBUH) replied, "Faith in Allah and His Messenger.'' Then he was asked: "What is next?'' He replied, "Jihad (holy fighting) in the Cause of Allah.'' Then he was asked, "What is after that?'' He (PBUH) replied, "Hajj Mabrur (an accepted pilgrimage).'' [Al- Bukhari and Muslim]. Commentary: This Hadith points out the fact that Hajj is one of the most prominent religious acts, provided it is done sincerely and keeping oneself away from sins. Some people have interpreted the word "Hajj Mabrur'' as an accepted Hajj. They say that the sign of an accepted Hajj is that one becomes a true worshipper of Allah, which he was previously not.. 1274. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
    • said, "Whoever performs Hajj (pilgrimage) and does not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commits sin, nor disputes unjustly (during Hajj), then he returns from Hajj as pure and free from sins as on the day on which his mother gave birth to him.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. Commentary: The true meanings of "Rafath'' sexual intercourse but it also signifies obscene and frivolous talk and the expression of sexual desire to one's wife. Since coition with one's wife is forbidden during Hajj, so conversation with her on this subject or talking for amusement is also disliked. "Fisq'' means disobedience of Allah and quarrelling with people. One must avoid both of them during Hajj. The Hajj which is performed with all these restrictions, has the merit that one is totally purged of sins. But this purification is from sins which come in the category of minor sins and which relate to the Rights of Allah. Major sins relating to the Rights of Allah and lapses in respect of the rights of people are not pardoned without sincere repentance and compensation to the aggrieved. 1275. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "(The performance of) `Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous `Umrah; and the reward of Hajj Mabrur (i.e.., one accepted) is nothing but Jannah.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. Commentary: This Hadith tells us that the merit of `Umrah is that it is an expiation for sins. But this, too, is an expiation for minor sins. `Umrah includes assuming Ihram, circumambulation of Ka`bah, going between As-Safa and Al-Marwah and Halq or Taqsir (shaving of head or cutting hair). Whether or not `Umrah is an obligation like Hajj is arguable among the `Ulama'. Some people, like Imam As-Shafi`i, hold that it is obligatory; others like the followers of the Hanafi school of thought regard it Sunnah Mu`akkadah; still others think it to be voluntary. Imam Al- Bukhari is inclined to the first view which is also endorsed by sayings of some Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) about which some Muhaddithun (scholars of Hadith) have even claimed that these sayings are Mausul, the chain of narrators reaches up to the Prophet (PBUH). (For further details, please see Fath Al-Bari.) Otherwise, the view that it is non-obligatory is preferable. 1276. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I said: "O Messenger of Allah! We consider Jihad as the best deed, should we not then go for Jihad?'' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The best Jihad for you women is Hajj Mabrur (i.e., one accepted by Allah).'' [Al-Bukhari]. Commentary: In ordinary circumstances, Hajj is the best of Jihad for women because in Islam, politics, economy, government, military affairs etc., come in the purview of men and men alone. Women are exempted from all such matters. However, in case of war, if the need arises, women can be engaged for supply of food, first-aid of the wounded etc., on the internal front, provided they can do such works without crossing the bounds of the Islamic-type veil. But imparting military training to women and dispatching them to war front are sheer imitations of the western nations for which there is no scope in the teachings of Islam. This Hadith also confirms this view. 1277. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "There is no day on which Allah sets free more slaves from Hell than He does on the Day of `Arafah.'' [Muslim]. Commentary: Almighty Allah emancipates most of His slaves, both men and women from the Hell-fire on this great day. Millions of pilgrims, who by virtue of their sincere repentance, try to seek the Pleasure of Allah certainly stand to earn Allah's Pardon for their sins and thereby emancipation from the Hell-fire. May Allah grant us this grace of His. 1278. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "(The performance of) `Umrah during Ramadan is equal to Hajj (pilgrimage).'' Or said, "Equal to the performance of Hajj with me.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. Commentary: "Equal to the performance of Hajj'' means the return and reward to which Hajj is eligible. It does not mean that it will serve as a substitute for Hajj and absolve one from the need to perform it.. This distinction of `Umrah in the month of Ramadan is perhaps for the reason, that
    • in this way two acts of worship are combined at one time. 1279. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: A woman came to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and said, "Allah's obligation upon His slaves has become obligatory on my father in his old age. My father is very old and incapable of riding. May I perform Hajj on his behalf?'' He (PBUH) said, "Yes.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. Commentary: "Hajj has become obligatory in old age'' means that when Allah has made Hajj obligatory, at that time, her father had attained old age, or he came to possess the means in his old age which made him liable for Hajj, but he is not capable of undertaking the journey because of his poor health. In such cases, the Prophet (PBUH) has granted them permission for Hajj by representation. But we learn from other Ahadith that Hajj by representation can only be done through such a person who has already performed Hajj. Similarly, if a person of means dies without performing Hajj, it is essential that Hajj is performed on his behalf; otherwise, he will be answerable for this omission. This formula does not apply to parents who have died in poverty because they were not liable for it. If someone does it for the sake of reward, he will be hopefully granted the reward of voluntary Hajj. 1280. Laqit bin `Amir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said: "My father is a very old man and does not have strength to perform Hajj (pilgrimage) or `Umrah or to undertake the journey.'' The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Perform Hajj and `Umrah on behalf of your father.'' [Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi]. Commentary: This Hadith also stresses permission of Hajj through representative where a person is not capable of doing it. But it is essential that the representative agent must have already performed Hajj. 1281. As-Sai'b bin Yazid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I was seven years old when I was taken to perform Hajj (pilgrimage). This was during the time the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) performed the Hajjat-ul-Wada` (Farewell Pilgrimage). [Al-Bukhari]. Commentary: This Hadith points out the fact that it is permissible to take children to Hajj. The reward of their Hajj will be given to their parents. But when after attaining maturity the child becomes liable for Hajj, it will be necessary for him to perform it again because the one he has performed in childhood, will not be sufficient for him. The reason behind taking children to Hajj is to teach them how to perform this obligation. 1282. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) came across a caravan at Ar-Rauha' and asked who the people in the caravan were. They replied that they were Muslims. They asked: "Who are you?'' He (PBUH) said, "I am the Messenger of Allah.'' Then a woman lifted up a boy to him and asked: "Would this child be credited with having performed the Hajj (pilgrimage)?'' Whereupon he (PBUH) said, "Yes, and you will have a reward.'' [Muslim]. 1283. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) performed the pilgrimage on an unsaddled camel which also carried his provisions (i.e., his Zamilah). [Al- Bukhari]. Commentary: "Zamilah'' is a mount like a horse, mule etc., on which luggage is loaded while travelling. What it means here is that the Prophet (PBUH) travelled for Hajj on such a mount on which he kept his provision for the journey also. In other words, it was his Zamilah as well. This incident happened during Hajjat-ul-Wada` (Farewell Pilgrimage). This Hadith shows the Prophet's total humility and humbleness and his disregard for the life of the world. 1284. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Ukaz, Mijannah and Dhul-Majaz were markets during the pre-Islamic period. The Companions disliked trading there till the following Ayat of the Noble Qur'an were revealed: "There is no sin on you if you seek the Bounty
    • of your Rubb (during pilgrimage by trading)...'' (2:198) [Al-Bukhari]. Commentary: The Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) considered trade and commerce during the months of Hajj as sinful because they thought that trade had a sort of resemblance with the bazaars which were arranged on the occasion of Hajj in the pre-Islamic period. Through the Ayah quoted in this Hadith, Almighty Allah removed their misunderstanding. Therefore, trade and commerce on this occasion do not violate the Hajj and `Umrah. This is however, only a permission. If one wants to earn reward in the Hereafter through his utmost devotion to Allah, it is more meritorious to avoid commercial activities and wholeheartedly concentrate on the remembrance of Allah and His worship.