All FictionDramaStories composed in verse or prose, usually for theatrical performance, where conflictsand emotion are expressed through dialogue and action.FableThe Basic DefinitionA short tale used to teach a moral lesson,often with animals as characters, aboutrecognizing and overcoming their foibles;to critique authority figures in humorousand anonymous ways; to poke fun.Tip-Offs• The story is very brief.• Main characters are usually animalsand are characterized quickly with afew broad strokes.• One animal/character usually displaysthe vice or foible being critiqued. Thisfoible is what brings embarassment or adownfall to the character and this conclusionleads directly to the moral,which follows the fable and is stated inone sentence.Fairy TaleFantasyThe definition of this fictional genre could be described as something that containsrudiments that are not realistic, such as magical powers, talking animals, etc. Fantasy isoften characterized by a departure from the accepted rules by which individualsperceive the world around them; it represents that which is impossible (unexplained)and outside the parameters of our known, reality. Make-believe is what this genre isall about.Another description of a Fantasy Novel is any book that contains unrealistic settings, ormagic, often set in a medieval universe, or possibly involving mythical beings orsupernatural forms as a primary element of the plot, theme, or setting. Somethingmagical is almost always part of fantasy and magic may be seen in the setting or in theplot. It may even be practiced by the characters.Fantasy usually describes those stories that could not happen in real life. Fairy talesby known authors, such as those by Hans Christian Andersen, are considered modernfantasy and have no problem relating to young children; in fact most adolescents grow
up believing in fantasy. They wish on candles, wait for tooth fairies, talk to their stuffedanimals and play with imaginary friends. contains elements that are not realistic otalking animals omagical powers ooften set in a medieval universe opossiblyinvolvingmythicalbeings
FictionNarrative literary works whose content is produced by the imagination and is notnecessarily based on fact.Fiction in VerseFull-length novels with plot, subplot(s), theme(s), major and minor characters, in whichthe narrative is presented in (usually blank) verse form.FolkloreThe songs, stories, myths, and proverbs of a people or "folk" as handed down by wordof mouth.Historical FictionStory with fictional characters and events in a historical setting. stories centered around the basis of a partially historical situation • a novel set in a historical periodHorrorFiction in which events evoke a feeling of dread in both the characters and the reader.SatiresThe Basic DefinitionA text that uses irony, sarcasm, and ridiculeto expose and make fun of human follyand vice.PurposeTo critique the status quo, to make fun
of others and the self, and to offerrenewed alternatives and possibilities forbeing different.Tip-Offs• Something is being made fun of, ironyis being used, there is a tone of mockeryor derision, perhaps the author seems tobe supporting a point of view that youcannot expect her to seriously support.HumorFiction full of fun, fancy, and excitement, meant to entertain; but can be contained in allgenresLegendStory, sometimes of a national or folk hero, which has a basis in fact but also includesimaginative material.Mystery• A subgenre of narrative fiction; oftenthought of as a detective story.• Usually involves a mysterious death ora crime to be solved. In a closed circleof suspects, each suspect must have acredible motive and a reasonable opportunityfor committing the crime. Thecentral character must be a detectivewho eventually solves the mystery bylogical deduction from facts fairly presentedto the reader. This classic structureis the basis for hundreds of variationson the form.PurposeTo engage in and enjoy solving a puzzle.Explore moral satisfaction (or dissatisfaction)at resolution. Consider human conditionand how to solve or avoid humanproblems.Mythology
Legend or traditional narrative, often based in part on historical events, that revealshuman behavior and natural phenomena by its symbolism; often pertaining to theactions of the gods.PoetryVerse and rhythmic writing with imagery that creates emotional responses.All NonfictionBiography/AutobiographyThe Basic Definition• A subgenre of narrative nonfiction/historicalnonfiction.• Presents the facts about an individualslife and makes an attempt to interpretthose facts, explaining the personsfeelings and motivations. Good biographersuse many research tools to gatherand synthesize information about theirsubject, including the person’s words,actions, journals, reactions, relatedbooks, interviews with friends, relatives,associates and enemies, historicalcontext, psychology, primary sourcedocuments.PurposeOften to understand the person and theevents and history affected by that person.EssayNarrative NonfictionFactual information presented in a format which tells a story.NonfictionInformational text dealing with an actual, real-life subject.SpeechThe Basic DefinitionThe process of presenting or comprehendinga reasoned case.PurposeTo inquire into problems and possiblesolutions, to persuade or convince othersto change belief or take action, to try andget one’s way!
Tip-Offs• A need or desire for something new orfor something to change is expressed.• This assertion is supported through theuse of evidence and warrants explaininghow the evidence leads to this claim.• Something is being promoted.(Advertisements almost always containan argument. Argument is incorporatedinto many forms of propaganda andpersuasion.)http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/rl/ll/litrlgenres.asphttp://literature.pppst.com/genres.htmlhttp://www.slideshare.net/mhyatt1/authors-craft-irony-powerpoint-2-presentation-753029#btnNexthttp://www.scholastic.com/content/collateral_resources/pdf/r/reading_bestpractices_comprehension_genrechart.pdf