Genocide: atrocities and absolution.A look at genocide post World War II…
House Keeping:• My expectations of You• Your expectations of me• Grading policy• A look at assessment
Pre-Test• This test is not graded. It is simply here to help indentify the knowledge you already possess. Don’t cheat or copy, share work, or guess. Simply answer what you can and we’ll go from there…
Human Rights.• What is a right? Where do they come from? Are they universal?• Which rights do you believe are properly enforced or respected?
Human Rights.• Make a list of these rights.• Look at the list and differentiate between what are human rights or simply rights?• What is a human right? What makes these human rights?
History of Rights…Early Civilization Codes associated with such names as Menes, Hammurabi, Moses, Draco, Solon and Manu outline standards of27 B.C.- 476 Roman Empire develops natural law; rights of citizens.1215 Britains King John signs the Magna Carta acknowledging that free men are entitled to judgment by their peers and that even a ruler is not above the law.1583-1645 Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist credited with the birth of international law, speaks of brotherhood of humankind and the need to treat all people fairly.1689 British Bill of Rights is adopted; John Locke sets forth the notion of natural rights of life, liberty and property.1776 U.S. Declaration of Independence proclaims that "all men are created equal" and endowed with certain inalienable rights.
More than 50 years…1945 The United Nations (UN) is established. Its Charter states that one of its main purposes is the promotion and encouragement of "respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion." Unlike the League of Nations Covenant, the Charter underscores the principle of individual human rights.1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (UN) are adopted. UN General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights ¾ the primary international articulation of the fundamental and inalienable rights of all members of the human family, and the first comprehensive agreement among nations as to the specific rights and freedoms of all human beings.
Universal Declaration on Human Rights1 All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
2 Everyone can claim the following rights,despite- a different sex- a different skin color- speaking a different language- thinking different things- believing in another religion- owning more or less- being born in another social group- coming from another country
3 You have the right to live, and to live infreedom and safety.
4 Nobody has the right to treat you as his orher slave and you should not make anyoneyour slave.
6 You should be legally protected in thesame way everywhere, and like everyone else.
7 The law is the same for everyone; itshould be applied in the same way to all.
8 You should be able to ask for legal helpwhen the rights your country grants you arenot respected.
9 Nobody has the right to put you in prison,to keep you there, or to send you away fromyour country unjustly, or without good reason.
10 If you go on trial this should be done inpublic. The people who try you should not letthemselves be influenced by others.
History: The 1864 Geneva Convention• History: The 1864 Geneva Convention laid the foundations for the contemporary humanitarian law. It was in a whole characterized by: • standing written rules of universal scope to protect the victims of conflicts; • its multilateral nature, open to all States; the obligation to extend care without discrimination to wounded and sick military personnel; • respect for and marking of medical personnel, transports and equipment using an emblem (red cross on a white background). • Geneva conventions, accepted on August the 12th, 1949
(4) of them…• First Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 1864• Second Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 1906• Third Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, 1929• Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 1949The whole set is referred to as the "Geneva Conventions of 1949" or simply the "Geneva Convention".
Hello.• Welcome.• Same as yesterday…. Notes out!
• voluntarily share your ideas of genocide. Look for commonalities.• Summarize and restate
Looking at the Pre-Test…• What parts do you recognize?• Killing vs. Hurting?• Emotional disturbance?
Genocide convention is in 1948 ...any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: • Killing members of the group; • Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; • Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; • Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; • Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.• Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Article 2d
Question.• Quick comparison – What elements of the legal definition were we able to come up with as a class?• Did anyone have any of these in their h/w?
Task: Jigsaw Activity• Number off 1-2-3-4• Split into smaller groups of 3-4• Read packet together and look at talking points on the back page• Answer review questions on the sheet.• Let me know when your finished…
Reminder:• Warm ups due Friday (5)• Keep track of your notes• Homework in the box… (2) P/NP for H/W