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TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA
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TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN THE DAWN OF INTERNET OF THINGS ERA

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  • 1. Trends and challenges in the dawn of Internet of Things Era ALEXANDRU IOVANOVICI POLITEHNICA UNIVERSITY OF TIMISOARA ADVANCED COMPUTING SYSTEMS AND ARCHITECTURES LABORATORY
  • 2.  Songdo, South Korea  first of its kind fully equipped and wired smart city  $40 billion in 10 years;
  • 3. What is IoT ?  uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure [Ashton99]  “[…] the expanding interconnectedness of smart devices, ranging from sensors in your shoe to jet engine monitors” [BusinessWeek]  Each object can be connected via other objects (usually via third party) to exchange data.  Roots in the M2M. The third age of the Internet
  • 4. State of IoT
  • 5. What do we need ? Key enabling technologies  RFID  NFC  Barcodes  2D codes: QR … or the more obscure ones: Aztec, Data Matrix, HCCB, PDF417  Digital watermarking: adding auth. data to a “signal”;  IPv6: there would be more IP addresses available than things. “Every screen variant, mobile chip, and sensor known to man has been tuned to work with Android” – [Jim Zemlin, Linux Foundation]
  • 6. IoT @ Google
  • 7. Bluetooth Smart (Low Energy) “Where as classic Bluetooth devices measure their battery life in hours, Bluetooth Smart devices measure their battery in months or even years” - proximity detection - vitals monitoring
  • 8. Implementation … issues  Lack of standardization;  Size: it’s going to be huge. From 50 to 100 trillion of moving things [Waldner 2007];  Time constraints: “extremely hard real-time system”: billion of simultaneous events.  Position tracking: things have to know their neighbors and interact to them.  The shear quantity of data is way above what we can process now … or not !?
  • 9. Internet of Isolated Things  Systems running on a smaller scale: size and area;  Informationally isolated to the “big IoT”  private networks;  Such as:  Home automation;  Industrial control;  Safety critical systems.
  • 10. Hard stuff -;)  Bluetooth via Amarino  Android IOIO
  • 11. Indoor location iBeacon  Indoor spaces lack GPS and have poor GSM location;  “technology revolution that will rival the invention of the mouse and the graphical user interface […]” [smh.com.au, ]  “Developers scramble to build services on top of beacons, analytics on top of services, and brilliant user experiences and strategy at the top of the pyramid.” [beekn.net] http://estimote.com/
  • 12. iBeacon technology  Bluetooth 4.0 (LE)  Geofencing  three zones  Immediate: cm range (like NFC);  Near: a few meters  Far: more than 10 m  Micro-location awareness  “Apple iBeacons: With great power comes great potential to annoy” [ZDNet]  iOS 7.1 : iBeacon is “opt-out” instead of “opt-in”  Beacons only transmit data  apps. track people
  • 13. πBeacon  A Raspberry Pi  A Bluetooth 4.0 USB Module: compatible BlueZ  A iOS 7.0 + Beacon Toolkit App Store to test with • goo.gl/W7a16C • http://www.bluez.org/ • Radius Networks' Android iBeacon Service library
  • 14. Industrial IoT - IIoT  Echelon  IzoT;  Ex:  variable-speed compressor technology;  25–35% efficiency boost (Emerson)  Connect Nest with building scale air conditioning  1979 Modbus !!!  grid stabilization services  16$ billion market (vcharge-energy.com)  Automatic control of all devices during peak demands in the grid;  “The Internet of Everything for cities” [CISCO, 2013] Weishaupt, 200,000 BTU/hr  37,000,000 BTU/hr
  • 15. Threats  “internet of things holds promises but it also holds dangers” [Rob van Kraneburg, 2011]  “the intelligence community views Internet of Things as a rich source of data” [Ackerman, 2012]
  • 16. Powered by Android ;-)

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