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Android powered
Internet of Things
ALEXANDRU IOVANOVICI
POLITEHNICA UNIVERSITY OF TIMISOARA
ADVANCED COMPUTING SYSTEMS AND...
 Songdo, South Korea
 first of its kind fully equipped and wired smart city
 $40 billion in 10 years;
“With Android, you get
something that is
power-efficient, it’s
easy for developers to
do the user interface
and touch
cont...
What is IoT ?
 uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an
Internet-like structure [Ashton99]
...
State of IoT
What do we need ?
 RFID
 NFC
 Barcodes
 2D codes: QR … or the more obscure ones: Aztec, Data
Matrix, HCCB, PDF417
 Di...
Bluetooth Smart (Low
Energy)
“Where as classic
Bluetooth devices measure
their battery life in
hours, Bluetooth Smart
devi...
Implementation … issues
 Lack of standardization;
 Size: it’s going to be huge. From 50 to 100 trillion of moving things...
Internet of Isolated Things
 Systems running on a smaller scale: size and area;
 Informationally isolated to the “big Io...
Typical applications
 Sensors and sensor networks …
 Xively ex Cosm ex Pachube -;)
 Framework for real time data loggin...
IoT @ Google
Soft stuff -;)
 Accessory Development Kit
 a reference implementation for hardware manufacturers and hobbyists to use as...
Hard stuff -;)
 Bluetooth via Amarino
 Android IOIO
Android@Home: I/O 2007
 software framework for Android that allows programmers to interact with various
connected applian...
Android world
bRight Switch
Features
Learning mode, Dimmer, Built-in programmable timers, Integrated speaker and
microphone, Proximity d...
Staples connect
Threats
 “internet of things holds
promises but it also holds
dangers” [Rob van
Kraneburg 2011]
 “the intelligence commu...
Powered by Android ;-)
Android powered internet of things
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Android powered internet of things

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Droidcon Eastern Europe 2013

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Transcript of "Android powered internet of things"

  1. 1. Android powered Internet of Things ALEXANDRU IOVANOVICI POLITEHNICA UNIVERSITY OF TIMISOARA ADVANCED COMPUTING SYSTEMS AND ARCHITECTURES LABORATORY
  2. 2.  Songdo, South Korea  first of its kind fully equipped and wired smart city  $40 billion in 10 years;
  3. 3. “With Android, you get something that is power-efficient, it’s easy for developers to do the user interface and touch controls, and it’s easy to get data in and out” [Philip DesAutels, Xively]
  4. 4. What is IoT ?  uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure [Ashton99]  “[…] the expanding interconnectedness of smart devices, ranging from sensors in your shoe to jet engine monitors” [BusinessWeek]  Each object can be connected via other objects (usually via third party) to exchange data.  Roots in the M2M. The third age of the Internet
  5. 5. State of IoT
  6. 6. What do we need ?  RFID  NFC  Barcodes  2D codes: QR … or the more obscure ones: Aztec, Data Matrix, HCCB, PDF417  Digital watermarking: adding auth. data to a “signal”;  IPv6: there would be more IP addresses available than things. “Every screen variant, mobile chip, and sensor known to man has been tuned to work with Android” – [Jim Zemlin, Linux Foundation]
  7. 7. Bluetooth Smart (Low Energy) “Where as classic Bluetooth devices measure their battery life in hours, Bluetooth Smart devices measure their battery in months or even years” - proximity detection - vitals monitoring
  8. 8. Implementation … issues  Lack of standardization;  Size: it’s going to be huge. From 50 to 100 trillion of moving things [Waldner 2007];  Time constraints: “extremely hard real-time system”: billion of simultaneous events.  Position tracking: things have to know their neighbors and interact to them.  The shear quantity of data is way above what we can process now … or not !?
  9. 9. Internet of Isolated Things  Systems running on a smaller scale: size and area;  Informationally isolated to the “big IoT”  private networks;  Such as:  Home automation;  Industrial control;  Safety critical systems.
  10. 10. Typical applications  Sensors and sensor networks …  Xively ex Cosm ex Pachube -;)  Framework for real time data logging  Chatty Things  XMPP extension  Home automation  Smart product management devicehub.net
  11. 11. IoT @ Google
  12. 12. Soft stuff -;)  Accessory Development Kit  a reference implementation for hardware manufacturers and hobbyists to use as a starting point for building accessories for Android  “new and alternative hardware based on the ADK is encouraged!” [Release notes]  Android accessories can be audio docking stations, exercise machines, personal medical testing devices, weather stations, or any other external hardware device that adds to the functionality of Android.
  13. 13. Hard stuff -;)  Bluetooth via Amarino  Android IOIO
  14. 14. Android@Home: I/O 2007  software framework for Android that allows programmers to interact with various connected appliances such as light bulbs, thermostats, washing machines and more.
  15. 15. Android world
  16. 16. bRight Switch Features Learning mode, Dimmer, Built-in programmable timers, Integrated speaker and microphone, Proximity detection/motion sensing, WiFi capability, Outlet control, Customizable features
  17. 17. Staples connect
  18. 18. Threats  “internet of things holds promises but it also holds dangers” [Rob van Kraneburg 2011]  “the intelligence community views Internet of Things as a rich source of data” [Spencer 2012]
  19. 19. Powered by Android ;-)
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