Android powered internet of things
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  • 1. Android powered Internet of Things ALEXANDRU IOVANOVICI POLITEHNICA UNIVERSITY OF TIMISOARA ADVANCED COMPUTING SYSTEMS AND ARCHITECTURES LABORATORY
  • 2.  Songdo, South Korea  first of its kind fully equipped and wired smart city  $40 billion in 10 years;
  • 3. “With Android, you get something that is power-efficient, it’s easy for developers to do the user interface and touch controls, and it’s easy to get data in and out” [Philip DesAutels, Xively]
  • 4. What is IoT ?  uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure [Ashton99]  “[…] the expanding interconnectedness of smart devices, ranging from sensors in your shoe to jet engine monitors” [BusinessWeek]  Each object can be connected via other objects (usually via third party) to exchange data.  Roots in the M2M. The third age of the Internet
  • 5. State of IoT
  • 6. What do we need ?  RFID  NFC  Barcodes  2D codes: QR … or the more obscure ones: Aztec, Data Matrix, HCCB, PDF417  Digital watermarking: adding auth. data to a “signal”;  IPv6: there would be more IP addresses available than things. “Every screen variant, mobile chip, and sensor known to man has been tuned to work with Android” – [Jim Zemlin, Linux Foundation]
  • 7. Bluetooth Smart (Low Energy) “Where as classic Bluetooth devices measure their battery life in hours, Bluetooth Smart devices measure their battery in months or even years” - proximity detection - vitals monitoring
  • 8. Implementation … issues  Lack of standardization;  Size: it’s going to be huge. From 50 to 100 trillion of moving things [Waldner 2007];  Time constraints: “extremely hard real-time system”: billion of simultaneous events.  Position tracking: things have to know their neighbors and interact to them.  The shear quantity of data is way above what we can process now … or not !?
  • 9. Internet of Isolated Things  Systems running on a smaller scale: size and area;  Informationally isolated to the “big IoT”  private networks;  Such as:  Home automation;  Industrial control;  Safety critical systems.
  • 10. Typical applications  Sensors and sensor networks …  Xively ex Cosm ex Pachube -;)  Framework for real time data logging  Chatty Things  XMPP extension  Home automation  Smart product management devicehub.net
  • 11. IoT @ Google
  • 12. Soft stuff -;)  Accessory Development Kit  a reference implementation for hardware manufacturers and hobbyists to use as a starting point for building accessories for Android  “new and alternative hardware based on the ADK is encouraged!” [Release notes]  Android accessories can be audio docking stations, exercise machines, personal medical testing devices, weather stations, or any other external hardware device that adds to the functionality of Android.
  • 13. Hard stuff -;)  Bluetooth via Amarino  Android IOIO
  • 14. Android@Home: I/O 2007  software framework for Android that allows programmers to interact with various connected appliances such as light bulbs, thermostats, washing machines and more.
  • 15. Android world
  • 16. bRight Switch Features Learning mode, Dimmer, Built-in programmable timers, Integrated speaker and microphone, Proximity detection/motion sensing, WiFi capability, Outlet control, Customizable features
  • 17. Staples connect
  • 18. Threats  “internet of things holds promises but it also holds dangers” [Rob van Kraneburg 2011]  “the intelligence community views Internet of Things as a rich source of data” [Spencer 2012]
  • 19. Powered by Android ;-)