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Conditional sentences i

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  • 1. ConditionalConditional Sentences ISentences I
  • 2. F orm s and U ses Conditional sentences consist of twoconsist of two clausesclauses:  A conditional clause  A main clause If the weather isis fine, we’ll go’ll go sunbathingConditional sentences are used to express that the action in the mainthe action in the main clause can only take place if aclause can only take place if a certain condition is fulfilled in thecertain condition is fulfilled in the conditional clauseconditional clause. Conditional sentences are used to express that the action in the mainthe action in the main clause can only take place if aclause can only take place if a certain condition is fulfilled in thecertain condition is fulfilled in the conditional clauseconditional clause.
  • 3. TYPE 1. Real, Likely Conditionals  They have present or future time referencepresent or future time reference.  The main clause can actually take place if the condition happens. The condition seemscondition seems realistic to happenrealistic to happen: - If I find her address, I will send her an invitation.If I find her address, I will send her an invitation. I want to send an invitation to a friend, I just have to find her address. I am sure,I am sure, however, that I will find it.however, that I will find it. If Peter has the money, he will buy a car.If Peter has the money, he will buy a car. It is very likelyIt is very likely that Peter will have enoughthat Peter will have enough moneymoney to buy that car.
  • 4. Real, likely Conditionals There are different kinds of real conditionals. Conditional clauseConditional clause Main clauseMain clause Present Present - If it rains, you get wet. Present Future - If I see Peter, I’ll tell him. Present Imperative - If you know the answer, let me know.
  • 5. Negative ConditionsNegative Conditions UNLESS = IF … NOTUNLESS = IF … NOT I won´t go to the party if she doesn´t invite me = I won´t go unless she invites me
  • 6. Future Time ClausesFuture Time Clauses AsAs soon assoon as you arrive, call me! We´ll make the dinner whenwhen you arrive home. I won´t be happy untiluntil I see you again. I´ll have a shower beforebefore I leave. AfterAfter I finish university, I´ll probably take a year off.
  • 7. Future Time ClausesFuture Time Clauses AsAs soon assoon as you arrive, call me! We´ll make the dinner whenwhen you arrive home. I won´t be happy untiluntil I see you again. I´ll have a shower beforebefore I leave. AfterAfter I finish university, I´ll probably take a year off.

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