At first, the cit y was built as a fortress in the 13 th century under the name “Corona”. In medieval period, people with the support of princes over the mountains, have founded a center of spiritual resistance able to withstand hardships.
Is a large cobblestone square and the heart of the old town; is still surrounded in places by the original fortress walls. BRAŞOV COUNCIL SQUARE
The building is mentioned for the first time in a historical document in 1420. The tower 48m tall, with a surveillance function, is included during the XVII th century . BRAŞOV COUNCIL BULDING
- a picture from 1905 of the Council Building -
The church also houses occasional classical-music concerts. It is one of the most important, and doubtlessly the most imposing, monument built by the German people from Transylvania in Their 850 years of history. It acquired its name after a catastrophic fire in 1689, when the whole city was burnt. The flames and the smoke blackened its walls, but the sumptuousness and the greatness of the church couldn't be destroyed. THE BLACK CHURCH
Ideal place for shopping, hanging out with friends… Picture from XX century of the same street. REBULICII STREET
The Rope Street (Strada Sforii) is among the narrowest streets in Europe. The street is up to 1,32 meters wide and 83 meters long. It was built in the 17 th century to allow firemen easier access to the medieval city centre. THE ROPE STREET
The history of the Schei Gate dates back to the 13 th century when Brasov was under Saxon rule. Romanians were allowed to enter the walled city at only certain times and therefore settled outside the wall in a district called Schei. THE SCHEI GATE
The Black Tower was built in 1494. It has a square shape and it is 9 m high. In 1599 the tower was destroyed by lightning. The Black Tower construction was erected between 1460-1494. It has a semicircular shape and it is 14m high. THE WHITE TOWER AND THE BLACK TOWER
The walls of Brasov's fortress have been preserved very well here and you can still see them so you can take a walk “Behind the walls”. BEHIND THE WALLS
It appears in documents since 1292. The building comprises "The Coresi room" where are held printings telling the story of the beginning of the typography in Brasov. The museum hosts a compelling legacy: more than four thousands of rare books (many of them printed or copied by handwriting right here). You can also see a class room from that time. THE FIRST ROMANIAN SCHOOL
Ion Mesota(picture) was a romanian teacher who studied at the “Andrei Saguna” national college. A famous school was named after him: the “Dr. Ioan Mesota” national college. This shool is a rival of the “Andrei Saguna” college, but the latter is older and with more tradition. However these two schools are the most popular ones of the city. "Dr. IOAN MEŞOTA" NATIONAL COLLEGE
"Johannes Honterus" school The “Johannes Honterus” school was named gymnasium in 1568. This school is the best German language school in our city. Also it has grades of all kinds: primary school, gymnasium, as well as high school.
The position of the college is good within the town and you can arrive there easily The National College of Computer Science “Grigore Moisil” is one of the best high schools in Brasov, with specific traditions. It has only one studying field, computer science. This high school relies only on computer science and the pupils have lots of computer science classes.
<ul><li>Existing documents show that the school dates from 1853 and was arranged as a gym for adults, where were done gymnastics, fencing and ballet. Also in 1853 the name is mentioned in documents as "Gym House”… </li></ul><ul><li>On the school’s property there was a lake, but from 1897 the lake was dried up and a sports field was build in its place. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1990 the school turned into the School of Physical Education and Sport Brasov, with fields like athletics and handball. Starting with the fall of the 1997-1998 school year, these occur in high school sports: athletics (boys and girls), volleyball (boys and girls), fencing, figure skating, and since 2000 handball for boys. </li></ul>The SPORTS PROGRAM HIGH SCHOOL BRA Ş OV
Carols <ul><li>Romanian songs which are sung on Christmas day. </li></ul><ul><li>T raditionally, during the first hours after dark on Christmas' Eve is the time for children to go caroling and the adults stay home to greet them. As they go caroling from house to house, the children receive treats like candy, fruit s , baked treats and sometimes even money in appreciation of their performance and as a sign of holiday good will. </li></ul>
Plugusorul <ul><li>P lugusorul is a small plough. In Romanian folklore is a traditional procession with a decorated plough, on New Years' Eve. This is a well wishing custom for the field fruitfulness into the new year ’s eve . The ploughmen are teenagers and children carrying whips, bells and pipes in their hands. </li></ul>
The goat tradition*Capra <ul><li>T hroughout the season, teenagers and young adults especially enjoy caroling with the “Goat”. The “Goat” is actually a usually boisterous young person dressed up in a goat costume. The whole group dances through the streets and from door to door, often with flute music. </li></ul>
Juni <ul><li>Juni's fest takes place in Brasov in late May. It is probably one of the most extensive and interesting events taking place here. A lot of men dressed in traditional costumes scroll through town on horseback, followed by musicians and groups of participants to Solomon's Stones. Some young men in suits , which are over 150 years old , and the most painstaking work has more than 40,000 bright sparkles and weighs almost 10 kilograms! </li></ul>
<ul><li>Originally it was an initiation ritual for young people and the celebration was carefully organized: there were precise rules on entry and exit, Junior ritual acts took place at certain times in certain well-chosen days, there were organized meals ritual, traditional dance ritual , ritual objects were used (trumpet, mace) etc. Many of the original meaning of the feast were lost, but nevertheless continues to be a feast of exciting events. A habit that has remained unchanged is throwing of the “Buzdugan”, a sample of power and virility. </li></ul>
Hungarians The Hungarians had came in Bra ş ov in the X th century. They were working as shopkeepers. The first schools in which the students were taught in Hungarian was built in 1542, into the small villages around Bra ş ov. The oldest news paper in the world, which is still appearing, was found by Hungarians in 1849, and it’s called Brassói Lapok.
Greeks The Greeks came in our city 700 years ago. They made their own community and created comercials companies. They have a really important semnificans for the cultural and relegion activities. In 1787 was founded a church, Holy Trinity Orthodox Church. The local authorities accepted the bulding of the church only if it wasn’t seen from the street, so it had to be hidden be the walls of the fortress. Greeks were often working as shopskeeprs, or they were working with the leather and glass. Some of them (the rich one) were bankers.
<ul><li>In 1901 was founded the temple from Schei Gate , where the jobs are in Hebrew. </li></ul><ul><li>I n 1915 was founded the second temple, an </li></ul><ul><li>Ortodox temple,where the jobs are in Yiddish. </li></ul>HEBREWS
GYPSIES Gyps y’ s language is different from Roma nian’s language, and their habits are also different. Some of Gypsy ’s traditions : - Gypsy trial - The wedding: marriages are betw e en the ages 13-17 years old. Gypsies are very merry and they like to dance and to sing. Many of them are singers because they have good voices. They take advantages any time for fun and they live the life to the full.
The Germans from Brasov are also known as Saxons. They are here from the XI st century . The most important german is Johannes Honterus (1498-1549) . He reorganized the First Romanian School and he made the first tipography from Brasov. In 1990-1992 has been the Great Exodus of the Saxon, when many persons had go to Germany. The Saxons have a special fest named “Honterus-fest” (from 1845), when they celebrate the their history. GERMANS
Roman S.A. Roman S.A. was founded in 1921 and still produces military and civilian use trucks, buses and tractors.
I.A.R. Bra ş ov <ul><li>In 1925 was established in Bra ş ov the first large Romanian airplane factory called “ Întreprinderea Aeronautica Română ” (I.A.R.). The most known aircraft entirely conceived and built by this company is IAR-80 combat plane, </li></ul><ul><li>ranked the fourth in the world at the time of its appearance in 1939. </li></ul>
I.A.R. Bra ş ov <ul><li>After World War II the former I.A.R. was converted into an agricultural tractors factory, but in 1968 it is decided to restore the aircraft factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays it produces helicopters in co-operation with the French Aerospatiale, now part of Eurocopter. </li></ul>
Prodlacta ( dairy-produ cts) <ul><li>It was founded in 1900 by a Danish called Alfred Jensen and it was the first </li></ul><ul><li>established in the Romanian Countryes. </li></ul><ul><li>Today it produces dairy-products at large scale. </li></ul>
“ Aurora” beer factory <ul><li>In 1892 started building the beer factory and in 1893 it was finalized and they started </li></ul><ul><li>production. </li></ul><ul><li>It is still functional today using modern equipment </li></ul><ul><li>for mass production . </li></ul>
Carpatex Bra ş ov <ul><li>S.C. CARPATEX S.A. is one of the oldest and famous textile company in Romanian wool fabrics field, well-known in the textile world. The company was founded in 1823 as the first textile mill in </li></ul><ul><li>Bra ş ov county. </li></ul>
Cult music Brasov is quite an important center of musical culture for our country. The internet portrays our orchestra as a perfect machine of musical creation. Also, our opera artists are renowned throughout the country and outside of it
Soft & Heavy metal music But, let’s not forget the soft (or heavy) music playing community, which have started to get the upper hand in the musical scene of this town, and leaving the symphonic music behind(for the joy of some , and the sadness of others).
<ul><li>The golden stag is an international event which has become one of Brasov ’s traditions . It takes place in the main square of the city (Piata Sfatului). It is mainly a contest in which international less-known artists compete in order to take the grand prize from which this event got it’s name from. </li></ul>
<ul><ul><li>The last show, which has taken place between the 5 th and the 7 th of September has been won by a competitor from Italy called Antonio Spadaccino. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It has also featured some well-known international stars such as: Steve Vai (which has been awarded the lifetime achievement award), Hot chocolate, Tiziano Ferro etc. </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Bran is a small city, at 30km far from Braşov . </li></ul><ul><li>Bran Castle is one of Romania's most popular visitor sites, made famous in modern times when Queen Marie restored it after receiving it from the residents of Braşov County in the 1920s. The castle is open to tourists, who can view the inside alone or as part of a guided tour. Outside the castle are examples of traditional Romanian farm houses and peasant homes. </li></ul>Bran Castle
<ul><li>Predeal is an important ski resort near Brasov. Predeal is located on the Prahova Valley which is a well known region where people use to practice winter sports. The Romanian meaning of the word “predeal“ is "on the hill“. </li></ul>Predeal
<ul><li>Sinaia is another ski resort on Prahova Valley. The town was named after Sinaia Monastery, which it was built around. And the monastery has been named after the Biblical Sinai Mountain. </li></ul><ul><li>The city is a popular destination for hiking and winter sports, especially downhill skiing. Among the tourists’ attractions, the most important are Peleş Castle, Pelişor Castle and Sinaia Monastery. </li></ul>Sinaia
<ul><li>Poiana Braşov is the most popular Romanian ski resort. It is preferred by many tourists not only from Romania, but also from other countries such as: Italy, France, Germany, Switzerland. In Poiana Braşov have been built hotels and restaurants, the majority of which cater for foreign tourists . </li></ul>Poiana Brasov