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Project Management in General
and Some Methods
Ioan Gheorghe DUBAR
Master AES, Anul I
What is project management?
• Project management is the discipline of planning,
organizing and managing resources to bring...
What implies project
management?
• To achieve goals while honoring project constraints.
• Typical constraints are scope, t...
PERT
• The Program (or Project) Evaluation and Review Technique,
commonly abbreviated PERT, is a model for project
managem...
CPM
•

•
1.
2.
3.

The Critical Path Method, abbreviated CPM, or Critical Path
Analysis, is a mathematically based algorit...
Gantt chart
• A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart that illustrates a project
schedule. Gantt charts illustrate the start ...
Work breakdown structure
•

The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is a tree
structure, which shows a subdivision of effort re...
Approaches to PM
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

The traditional approach
Critical Chain Project Management.
Extreme Project Management.
Ev...
The traditional approach
• Identifies a sequence of steps to be completed.
• distinguish 5 components of a project (4 stag...
Critical chain PM
• Also known as CCPM method of planning and
managing projects that puts more emphasis on the
resources r...
Extreme PM
• Fundamentally PERT-based models are not well suited for the
multi-project company environment of today.
• Mos...
Event chain methodology
• Is the next advance beyond critical path method and
critical chain project management.
• An unce...
PRINCE2
• Structured approach to project management.
• Released in 1996 as a generic project management
method.
• For mana...
Process-based management
• Advances the concept of project control.
• use of Maturity models such as the CMMI (Capability
...
Rational Unified Process
• An iterative software development process framework
created by the Rational Software Corporatio...
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Transcript of "Project management in general and some methods"

  1. 1. Project Management in General and Some Methods Ioan Gheorghe DUBAR Master AES, Anul I
  2. 2. What is project management? • Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing and managing resources to bring about the successful completion of specific project goals and objectives. • A project is a finite endeavor (having specific start and completion dates) that requires the organization and coordination of a group of two or more people, to create a unique product or service which brings about beneficial change or added value. • Processes or operations, which are permanent or semi-permanent functional work to repetitively produce the same product or service.
  3. 3. What implies project management? • To achieve goals while honoring project constraints. • Typical constraints are scope, time and budget. • Project Scope Management includes the processes required to ensure that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project successfully. It is primarily concerned with defining and controlling what is or is not included in the project
  4. 4. PERT • The Program (or Project) Evaluation and Review Technique, commonly abbreviated PERT, is a model for project management designed to analyze and represent the tasks involved in completing a given project. • PERT is intended for very large-scale, one-time, complex, nonroutine projects.
  5. 5. CPM • • 1. 2. 3. The Critical Path Method, abbreviated CPM, or Critical Path Analysis, is a mathematically based algorithm for scheduling a set of project activities. It is an important tool for effective PM. Essential technique A list of all activities required to complete the project (also known as Work breakdown structure) The time (duration) that each activity will take to completion, and The dependencies between the activities.
  6. 6. Gantt chart • A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule. Gantt charts illustrate the start and finish dates of the terminal elements and summary elements of a project. Terminal elements and summary elements comprise the work breakdown structure of the project. • Some Gantt charts also show the dependency (i.e, precedence network) relationships between activities. Gantt charts can be used to show current schedule status using percent-complete shadings and a vertical "TODAY" line.
  7. 7. Work breakdown structure • The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is a tree structure, which shows a subdivision of effort required to achieve an objective; for example a program, project and contract. The WBS may show hardware, product, service or process oriented. In a project or contract, the WBS is developed by starting with : 1. the end objective 2. successively subdividing it into manageable components in terms of size, duration, and responsibility (e.g., systems, subsystems, components, tasks, subtasks, and work packages) which include all steps necessary to achieve the objective.
  8. 8. Approaches to PM • • • • • • • The traditional approach Critical Chain Project Management. Extreme Project Management. Event Chain Methodology. PRINCE2 Process Based Management. Rational Unified Process.
  9. 9. The traditional approach • Identifies a sequence of steps to be completed. • distinguish 5 components of a project (4 stages plus control) in the development of a project: Typical development phases of a project • Project initiation stage; • Project planning or design stage; • Project execution or production stage; • Project monitoring and controlling systems; • Project completion stage.
  10. 10. Critical chain PM • Also known as CCPM method of planning and managing projects that puts more emphasis on the resources required to execute project tasks. • an application of the Theory of Constraints (TOC) to projects. • Goal is to increase the rate of throughput (or completion rates) of projects in an organization. • Applying the first three of the five focusing steps of TOC, the system constraint for all projects is identified as resources • Tasks on the critical chain are given priority over all other activities.
  11. 11. Extreme PM • Fundamentally PERT-based models are not well suited for the multi-project company environment of today. • Most of them are aimed at very large-scale, one-time, nonroutine projects. • Nowadays all kinds of management are expressed in terms of projects. • Project management experts try to identify different "lightweight" models, such as Agile Project Management methods including Extreme Programming for software development and Scrum techniques.
  12. 12. Event chain methodology • Is the next advance beyond critical path method and critical chain project management. • An uncertainty modeling and schedule network analysis technique. • Focused on identifying and managing events and event chains that affect project schedules.
  13. 13. PRINCE2 • Structured approach to project management. • Released in 1996 as a generic project management method. • For managing projects within a clearly defined framework • P project managementRINCE2 • Describes procedures to coordinate people and activities in a project, • How to design and supervise the project and what to do if the project has to be adjusted if it doesn’t develop as planned
  14. 14. Process-based management • Advances the concept of project control. • use of Maturity models such as the CMMI (Capability Maturity Model Integration) and ISO/IEC15504 (SPICE Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination). • Project is seen as a series of relatively small tasks conceived and executed as the situation demands in an adaptive manner, rather than as a completely preplanned process.
  15. 15. Rational Unified Process • An iterative software development process framework created by the Rational Software Corporation, a division of IBM since 2003. • An adaptable process framework, intended to be tailored by the development organizations and software project teams that will select the elements of the process that are appropriate for their needs.
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